Stenotaphrum secundatum

Species:Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter)Kuntze
Plant Notes:This grass is widely planted and various cultivars have been characterized (Busey 1995, 2003; Komma 2003). While the rest of the genus is native to the eastern hemisphere, this species is nearly pantropical and presumably native at least to Africa and the Americas (Sauer 1972). Sauer (1972) noted that the "species as a whole is primarily a coastal pioneer".
Status:Native, FAC (NWPL), AD (WAP)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.


Sub Class
Genus Stenotaphrum
Species Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter)Kuntze - ST. AUGUSTINEGRASS


Citation STENOTAPHRUM SECUNDATUM (Walter) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 794. 1891.
Basionym: Ischaemum secundatum Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: US 21, Beaufort, 27 Jun 1956, Ahles 15602 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: GA, NCU, NY). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 479. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.


CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus FLAS  
Clay FLAS  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Duval USF  
Escambia UWFP  
Franklin USF  
Glades USF  
Hardee USF  
Hernando USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Levy USF  
Madison FSU  
Manatee USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FTG  
Orange FLAS  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk NY  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns FSU  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter USF  
Taylor FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton FLAS  


– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ischaemum secundatum Ischaemum secundatum Walter, Fl. Carol. 249. 1788.TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: US 21, Beaufort, 27 Jun 1956, Ahles 15602 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: GA, NCU, NY). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 479. 2008. 
Stenotaphrum americanum Stenotaphrum americanum Schrank, Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac. 2: pl. 98. 1821. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: Schrank, Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac. 2: pl. 98. 1821). Lectotypified by Sauer, Brittonia 24: 210. 1972.
Stenotaphrum dimidiatum var. americanum Stenotaphrum dimidiatum (Linnaeus) Brongniart, var. americanum (Schrank) Hackel, in Stuckert, Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 21: 57. 1911.BASIONYM: Stenotaphrum americanum Schrank 1821. 
Stenotaphrum dimidiatum var. secundatum Stenotaphrum dimidiatum (Linnaeus) Brongniart, var. secundatum (Walter) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 85: 332. 1915.BASIONYM: Ischaemum secundatum Walter 1788. 
Stenotaphrum glabrum var. americanum Stenotaphrum glabrum Trinius, var. americanum (Schrank) Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 300. 1877.BASIONYM: Stenotaphrum americanum Schrank 1821. 
Diastemanthe platystachys Diastemanthe platystachys Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 360. 1854. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: New South Wales: Port Jackson, 1840, Dumont d'Urville s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Sauer, Brittonia 24: 210. 1972.
Rottboellia stolonifera Rottboellia stolonifera Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl. 6: 310. 1804. TYPE: PUERTO RICO: Without data, 1797, Ledru s.n. (holotype: P?).
Rottboellia tripsacoides Rottboellia tripsacoides Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 205. 1792. TYPE: SIERRA LEONE:
Stenotaphrum sarmentosum Stenotaphrum sarmentosum Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 93. 1829, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Rottboellia stolonifera Poiret 1804. 
Stenotaphrum secundatum var. variegatum Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter) Kuntze, var. variegatum Hitchcock, in L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 6: 3237. 1917.  


Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Lake Co. 21 Jun 1979 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 26 Nov 1982 J. D. Skean, Jr. 1030
USA Florida Franklin Co. 02 Nov 1983 L. C. Anderson 6759
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 Jun 1984 G. Robinson 613
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 01 Sep 1994 S. L. Orzell 23103
USA Florida Lee Co. 11 Feb 1979 S. Morrill 204
USA Florida Volusia Co. 16 Jul 2004 J. M. Kunzer 577
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Sep 1979 B. F. Hansen 6302
USA Florida Sumter Co. 28 Jun 1984 R. P. Wunderlin 9788
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 12 Sep 2005 C. Olson OS0419
USA Florida Lake Co. 24 Aug 1984 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 15 May 1977 W. C. Brumbach 9241
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 10 May 1993 B. F. Hansen 12072
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 14 Jul 2001 C. vanHoek CI0187
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 17 Nov 1993 B. F. Hansen 12529
USA Florida Collier Co. 20 Aug 1965 O. K. Lakela 29110
USA Florida Brevard Co. 01 Jun 1926 J. R. Swallen s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 13 Sep 1954 R. E. Perdue 1728
USA Florida Broward Co. 20 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28293
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Jul 1963 O. K. Lakela 26102
USA Florida Pasco Co. 14 Jul 1958 R. Kral 7304
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 31 Oct 1960 O. K. Lakela 23476
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 31 Aug 1967 P. M. Cassen 200
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 28 Oct 1967 W. L. McCart 9403
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 21 Mar 1965 D. Laker s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 28 Jun 1994 S. Cole HI0014
USA Florida Manatee Co. 20 Jul 1992 D. Willis MB0042
USA Florida Brevard Co. 21 Dec 1972 W. Webb s.n.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 08 Jul 1974 G. M. Luer s.n.
USA Florida Duval Co. Aug A. H. Curtiss 3621
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 17 Jun 1980 G. Fleming 3375
USA Florida Levy Co. 11 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 6045
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 17 Jun 1980 G. Wilhelm 7578
USA Florida Brevard Co. 09 Apr 1973 A.G. Shuey M0071 Sheet 1 of 2
USA Florida Brevard Co. 09 Apr 1973 A.G. Shuey M0071 Sheet 2 of 2
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6223
USA Florida Collier Co. 29 Dec 1963 L. J. Brass 33151
USA Florida Lee Co. 16 Mar 1979 B. F. Hansen 5146
USA Florida Lee Co. 13 Jan 1979 B. F. Hansen 5043
USA Florida Collier Co. 23 Jun 1992 J. Weber CS0177
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 09 Jun 2008 A. R. Franck 640
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 28 Aug 2008 A. R. Franck 852
USA Florida Pasco Co. 16 May 2003 C. vanHoek WB0368
USA Florida Hardee Co. 05 Jul 2007 E. Jensen PC0133
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 04 Sep 2008 C. vanHoek HR0589
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 02 Jun 1993 S. L. Orzell 22038
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 11 Nov 2010 A. R. Franck 2495
USA Florida Brevard Co. 15 Nov 2010 P. A. Schmalzer 10-84
USA Florida Hernando Co. 25 Jun 2009 C. vanHoek WW0003
USA Florida Martin Co. Nov 1987 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Glades Co. 10 Dec 2011 A. R. Franck 2931
USA Florida Seminole Co. 17 Oct 2011 D. H. Williams 2647
USA Florida Indian River Co. 02 Dec 2012 S. Myers 800
USA Florida Indian River Co. 05 Jul 2013 S. Myers 1044
USA Florida Hardee Co. 24 Jan 2015 R. E. O'Donovan 51
USA Georgia Chatham Co. 03 Aug 1959 G. R. Swank 26
USA Louisiana Calcasieu Par. 06 Aug 1983 D. D. Taylor 4490
USA Louisiana Cameron Par. 05 Aug 1983 D. D. Taylor 4454
USA Louisiana Vermilion Par. 25 Mar 1983 D. D. Taylor 2620
USA Louisiana Orleans Par. 09 Mar 1986 J. MacGregor 391
USA Georgia McIntosh Co. 11 Jul 1956 W. H. Duncan 20269
USA South Carolina Beaufort Co. 27 Jun 1956 H. E. Ahles 15602
USA Georgia Chatham Co. 27 Jul 1974 W. H. Duncan 29086
USA Georgia McIntosh Co. 23 Jun 1954 J. W. Hardin 17982
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 15 Mar 1970 M. McMahon 7
Dominican Republic María Trinidad Sánchez Prov. 06 Oct 1982 M. Mejía 23631
Bahamas North Andros Island 26 May 1997 M. A. Vincent 7818
Dominica St. Patrick Par. 01 Jun 1996 S. R. Hill 28069
Bahamas Long Island 07 Jul 1998 E. Freid 98-209
Bahamas Pembroke Par. s.d. W. G. Farlow s.n.
Cuba Pinar del Río Prov. 11 Jun 1921 E. L. Ekman 799
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 03 Oct 2017 J. R. Campbell 876
Suriname Nickerie Distr. 21 Nov 1961 W. H. A. Hekking 1150
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