Neottia bifolia

Species:Neottia bifolia (Raf.) Baumbach
Plant Notes:Listera is subsumed into Neottia (Barone Lumaga et al. 2014; Freudenstein & Chase 2015).
Status:Native, Threatened-State, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.


Sub Class
Genus Neottia
Species Neottia bifolia (Raf.) Baumbach - SOUTHERN TWAYBLADE


Citation NEOTTIA BIFOLIA (Rafinesque) Baumbach, Orchidee (Hamburg) 60: 332. 2009.
Basionym: Diphryllum bifolium Rafinesque

** Not applicable or data not available.


CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Gadsden FSU  
Hillsborough USF  
Jackson FLAS  
Jefferson FSU  
Lake USF  
Leon FSU  
Levy SEL  
Liberty FLAS  
Manatee AMES  
Marion FLAS  
Orange USF  
Polk FTG  
Putnam FLAS  
Sarasota USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FLAS  


– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bifolium australis Bifolium australis (Lindley) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 129. 1913.BASIONYM: Listera australis Lindley 1840. 
Diphryllum bifolium Diphryllum bifolium Rafinesque, Med. Repos. 5: 357. 1808.  
Listera australis Listera australis Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 456. 1840. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Listera australis forma scottii Listera australis Lindley, forma scottii P. M. Brown, N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 6: 63. 2000. TYPE: FLORIDA: Alachua Co.: Off Williston Road ca. 3 mi. W of I-75, 23 Jan 2000, Brown 20123 (holotype: FLAS).
Listera australis forma viridis Listera australis Lindley, forma viridis P. M. Brown, N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 6: 63. 2000. TYPE: FLORIDA: Alachua Co.: Off Williston Road ca. 3 mi. W of I-75, 23 Jan 2000, Brown 20122 (holotype: FLAS).
Ophrys australis Ophrys australis (Lindley) House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 379. 1905.BASIONYM: Listera australis Lindley 1840. 
Listera australis forma trifolia Listera australis Lindley, forma trifolia P. M. Brown, in P. M. Brown et al., N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 1: 11. 1995. TYPE: VERMONT: Caledonia Co.: Without locality, 14 Jun 1978, Brown s.n. (holotype: AMES(photo)).


Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Escambia Co. 26 Feb 2000 J. R. Burkhalter 17016
USA Florida Escambia Co. 13 Feb 2000 J. R. Burkhalter 16993
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Jan 1968 C. R. Broome 303
USA Florida Lake Co. 16 Feb 1964 O. K. Lakela 26821
USA Florida Volusia Co. 15 Jan 2007 J. M. Kunzer 2048
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 14 Jan 2008 J. M. Kunzer 2266
USA Florida Orange Co. 17 Nov 2014 L. Boman 22
USA Alabama Jefferson Co. 09 Apr 1985 J. P. Barber 1383
USA Louisiana East Baton Rouge Par. 25 Feb 1976 L. McCook 13
USA Mississippi Pike Co. 21 Mar 1957 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7812
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