Amphilophium crucigerum

Family:BIGNONIACEAE
Species:Amphilophium crucigerum (L.)L.G.Lohmann
Common Name:MONKEY'S-COMB
Status:Not Native
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order LAMIALES
FamilyBIGNONIACEAE
Genus Amphilophium
Species Amphilophium crucigerum (L.)L.G.Lohmann - MONKEY'S-COMB

Citation

Citation AMPHILOPHIUM CRUCIGERUM (Linnaeus) L. G. Lohmann, Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela 270. 2008.
Basionym: Bignonia crucigera Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data (lectotype: Morison, Pl. Hist. 3: pl. 3(16). 1699. Lectotypified by Barrie et al., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 265. 1991.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Miami-Dade FTG  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Anisostichus crucigera Anisostichus crucigera (Linnaeus) Bureau ex Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1240. 1933.BASIONYM: Bignonia crucigera Linnaeus 1753. 
Bignonia crucigera Bignonia crucigera Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 624. 1753. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: Morison, Pl. Hist. 3: pl. 3(16). 1699. Lectotypified by Barrie et al., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 265. 1991.
Bignonia echinata Bignonia echinata Jacquin, Enum. Syst. Pl. 25. 1760. TYPE: COLOMBIA: Bolívar: Cartagena, s.d. (neotype: Jacquin, Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. t. 176(2). 1763). Neotypified by Sandwith & D. R. Hunt, in Reitz (ed.), Fl. Ilus. Catarin. 1(Bignoniac.): 154. 1974.
Pithecoctenium crucigerum Pithecoctenium crucigerum (Linnaeus) A. H. Gentry, Taxon 24: 123. 1975.BASIONYM: Bignonia crucigera Linnaeus 1753. 
Pithecoctenium echinatum Pithecoctenium echinatum (Jacquin) Baillon, Hist. Pl. 10: 8, 37. 1888.BASIONYM: Bignonia echinatum Jacquin 1760. 
Pithecoctenium echinatum var. typicum Pithecoctenium echinatum (Jacquin) Baillon, var. typicum Sprague, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 5: 83. 1905.BASIONYM: Pithecoctenium echinatum (Jacquin) Baillon 1888; Bignonia echinata Jacquin 1760. 
Bignonia botryoides Bignonia botryoides Chamisso, Linnaea 7: 700. 1833 ("1832"). TYPE: BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Sumidoro, Rio das Velhas, s.d., Sellow 1618/736 (holotype: LE).
Bignonia muricata Bignonia muricata (Mociño ex de Candolle) Sessé y Lacasta & Mociño, Pl. Nov. Hisp. 99. 1889.BASIONYM: Pithecoctenium muricatum Mociño ex de Candolle 1845. 
Bignonia phaseoloides Bignonia phaseoloides Chamisso, Linnaea 7: 698. 1833 ("1832"). TYPE: BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: Without data, Chamisso s.n. (lectotype: LE). Lectotypified by Sandwith & D. R. Hunt, in Reitz (ed.), Fl. Ilus. Catarin. 1(Bignoniac.): 156. 1974.
Bignonia squalus Bignonia squalus Vellozo, Fl. Flumin. 230. 1829 ("1825"). TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data (lectotype: Vellozo, Fl. Flumin, Icon. 6: t. 13. 1831 ("1827")). Lectotypified by A. Pool, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 94: 628. 2007.
Bignonia tiliifolia Bignonia tiliifolia Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 136. 1819. TYPE: VENEZUELA:
Bignonia vitalba Bignonia vitalba Chamisso, Linnaea 7: 699. 1833 ("1832"). TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Sellow s.n. (lectotype: LE). Lectotypified by Bureau & K. Schumann, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 8: 168. 1896.
Bignonia vitalba var. aequinoctialis Bignonia vitalba Chamisso, var. aequinoctialis Chamisso, Linnaea 7: 699. 1833 ("1832"), nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Bignonia vitalba Chamisso 1833. 
Bignonia vitalba var. extratropica Bignonia vitalba Chamisso, var. extratropica Chamisso, Linnaea 7: 699. 1833 ("1832"). TYPE: BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul: "prope Rio Jacuhy et Rio Pardo", s.d., Sellow 1515 (lectotype: LE). Lectotypified by Bureau & K. Schumann, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 8: 196. 1896.
Neves-Armondia cordifolia Neves-Armondia cordifolia K. Schumann, in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. 1: 302. 1897, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Pithecoctenium cordifolium Martius 1841, nom. illegit.; Bignonia squalus Vellozo 1829. 
Petastoma phaseoloides Petastoma phaseoloides (Chamisso) Miers, Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 3: 195. 1863.BASIONYM: Bignonia phaseoloides Chamisso 1833. 
Pithecoctenium aubletii Pithecoctenium aubletii Splitgerber, Tijdschr. Natuurl. Gesch. Physiol. 9: 12. 1842. TYPE: SURINAM: Without locality, 26 Jan 1838, Splitgerber 544 (lectotype: L). Lectotypified by Sandwith, in Pulle, Fl. Suriname 4(2): 46. 1938.
Pithecoctenium catharinae Pithecoctenium catharinae de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 196. 1845. TYPE: BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: Without locality, 1838, Gaudichaud-Beaupré 179 (lectotype: G-DC). Lectotypified by Sandwith & D. R. Hunt, in Reitz (ed.), Fl. Ilus. Catarin. 1(Bignoniac.): 156. 1974.
Pithecoctenium cordifolium Pithecoctenium cordifolium Martius, Flora 24(2, Beibl.): 48. 1841, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Bignonia squalus Vellozo 1829. 
Pithecoctenium echinatum forma grandiflorum Pithecoctenium echinatum (Jacquin) Baillon, forma grandiflorum Hassler, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 56. 1910. TYPE: PARAGUAY: Cordillera de Altos, Dec, Hassler 2127 (holotype: G; isotypes: BM, G, GH, NY, W).
Pithecoctenium echinatum var. intermedium Pithecoctenium echinatum (Jacquin) Baillon, var. intermedium Hassler, Bull. Herb. Boissier 6(4, App. 1). 27. 1898. TYPE: PARAGUAY: Without data, Morong 749 (holotype: G; isotypes: F, MICH, MO, NY, US).
Pithecoctenium echinatum var. tomentosum Pithecoctenium echinatum (Jacquin) Baillon, var. tomentosum Hassler, Bull. Herb. Boissier 6(4, App. 1): 27. 1898. TYPE: PARAGUAY: Cordillera de Altos, Jun, Hassler 1766 (lectotype: G; isolectotype: NY). Lectotypified by A. Pool, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 94: 628-629. 2007.
Pithecoctenium glaucum Pithecoctenium glaucum Rusby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 354. 1927. TYPE: BOLIVIA: Beni: Rerrenabaque, 5 Jan 1922, Cardenas 2063 (holotype: NY; isotypes: K, US).
Pithecoctenium hexagonum Pithecoctenium hexagonum de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 195. 1845. TYPE: MEXICO: Distrito Federal: Chalco, s.d., Andrieux 222 (holotype: G-DC; isotypes: K, M, W).
Pithecoctenium hexagonum var. brasilianum Pithecoctenium hexagonum de Candolle, var. brasilianum de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 195. 1845. TYPE: BRAZIL: Rio São Francisco, 1838, Blanchet 2905 (holotype: G-DC).
Pithecoctenium lundii Pithecoctenium lundii de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 196. 1845. TYPE: BRAZIL: São Paulo: São Paulo, Nov 1835, Lund 786 (lectotype: G-DC). Lectotypified by A. S. Gentry, in Woodson & Schrey, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 910. 1973.
Pithecoctenium muricatum Pithecoctenium muricatum Moçiño ex de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 194. 1845. TYPE: MEXICO: Morelos: Cuernavaca (lectotype: Alph. de Candolle, Calques Fl. Mexique t. 820. 1874). Lectotypified by Alph. de Candolle, Calques Fl. Mexique [1], t. 820. 1874.
Pithecoctenium phaseoloides Pithecoctenium phaseoloides (Chamisso) Schenk, Bot. Mitt. Tropen 4: 193. 1892.BASIONYM: Bignonia phaseoloides Chamisso 1833. 
Pithecoctenium squalus Pithecoctenium squalus (Vellozo) de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 194. 1845.BASIONYM: Bignonia squalus Vellozo 1829. 
Pithecoctenium tribrachiatum Pithecoctenium tribrachiatum Loesener, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 209. 1919. TYPE: MEXICO: Veracruz:
Pithecoctenium vitalba Pithecoctenium vitalba (Chamisso) de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 196. 1845.BASIONYM: Bignonia vitalba Chamisso 1833. 
Pithecoctenium vitalba forma glabratum Pithecoctenium vitalba de Candolle, forma glabratum Hassler, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 56. 1910. TYPE: PARAGUAY: Near Esperanza, Nov, Rojas 10708 (lectotype: G; isolectotypes: A, BM, NY, P, S, W). Lectotypified by A. Pool, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 94: 629. 2007.
Pithecoctenium vitalba forma intermedium Pithecoctenium vitalba de Candolle, forma intermedium Hassler, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 56. 1910. TYPE: PARAGUAY: Near Chololo, Dec, Hassler 6889 (lectotype: G; isolectotype: NY). Lectotypified by A. Pool, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 94: 629. 2007.
Pithecoctenium vitalba var. extratropicum Pithecoctenium vitalba (Chamisso) de Candolle, var. extratropicum (Chamisso) de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 196. 1845.BASIONYM: Bignonia vitalba Chamisso, var. extratropica Chamisso 1833. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
Bolivia La Paz Dept. Nor Yungas Prov. 30 Oct 1984 J. C. Solomon 12607
Brazil Paraná Ponta Grossa Mun. 17 Nov 1982 R. Kummrow 2094
Mexico Veracruz Cuitláhuac Mun. 03 Jul 1980 B. F. Hansen 7529
Brazil Paraná Curitiba Mun. 01 Dec 1981 G. Hatschbach 44445
Mexico Veracruz Apazapan Mun. 27 Jun 1980 B. F. Hansen 7467
Honduras Cayo Distr. 29 May 1973 A. Gentry 7666
Belize Cayo Distr. 03 Jun 1973 A. Gentry 7855
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