Setaria sphacelata

Family:POACEAE
Species:Setaria sphacelata (Schumach.)M.B.Moss ex Stapf & C.E.Hubb.
Common Name:AFRICAN BRISTLEGRASS
Status:Not Native, FAC (NWPL)

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Setaria
Species Setaria sphacelata (Schumach.)M.B.Moss ex Stapf & C.E.Hubb. - AFRICAN BRISTLEGRASS

Citation

Citation SETARIA SPHACELATA (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 795. 1930.
Basionym: Panicum sphacelatum Schumacher 1827.
Type: GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Escambia Lit Lit: Clewell, Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida Panhandle 160. 1985.
Hardee FLAS  
Hendry USF  
Leon FTG  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Panicum sphacelatum Panicum sphacelatum Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 58. 1827. TYPE: GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C).
Setaria scandens var. sphacelata Setaria scandens Schrader ex Schultes, var. sphacelata (Schumacher) Hackel, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7: 372. 1909.BASIONYM: Panicum sphacelatum Schumacher 1827. 
Chaetochloa aurea Chaetochloa aurea (Hochstetter ex A. Braun) Hitchcock, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 29: 128. 1916.BASIONYM: Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Panicum chrysanthum Panicum chrysanthum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 50. 1853.BASIONYM: Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Panicum rudimentosum Panicum rudimentosum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 51. 1853. TYPE: SENEGAL: Without data, Leprieur s.n. (holotype: P).
Pennisetum aureum Pennisetum aureum (Hochstetter ex A. Braun) A. Richard, Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 378. 1850.BASIONYM: Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Setaria almaspicata Setaria almaspicata de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 47. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Palmaryville, s.d., Koker 25 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria alpestris Setaria alpestris Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 66, fig. 33(2). 1936. TYPE: TANZANIA:
Setaria anceps Setaria anceps Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 793. 1930. TYPE: GHANA:
Setaria anceps var. sericea Setaria anceps Stapf, var. sericea Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 794. 1930. TYPE: SUDAN: Seriba Ghattas, s.d., Schweinfurth 182 (holotype: K).
Setaria angustifolia Setaria angustifolia Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 805. 1930. TYPE: ZAIRE:
Setaria aurea Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun, Flora 24: 276. 1841. TYPE: ETHIOPIA: Cult. at Carlsruhe, Schimper s.n. (holotype: ?; isotype: K).
Setaria aurea subsp. kinsunduensis Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun, subsp. kinsunduensis Vanderyst, Bull. Agric. Congo Belge 16: 683. 1925. TYPE: ZAIRE:
Setaria aurea subsp. palustris Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun, subsp. palustris Vanderyst, Bull. Agric. Congo Belge 16: 683. 1925. TYPE: ZAIRE:
Setaria aurea var. fumigata Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun, var. fumigata Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 65. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Pare Mts., s.d., Peter 11612 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Setaria aurea var. latifolia Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun, var. latifolia Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 65. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Lushoto Distr.: Lutindi Mt., s.d., Peter 12966 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Setaria aurea var. pallida Setaria aurea A. Braun, var. pallida Stapf, in Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Cap. 7: 427. 1899. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Setaria bussei Setaria bussei R. Herrmann, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 10: 46. 1910. TYPE: TANZANIA: Newala Distr.: Mpatila plateau, s.d., Busse 1106 (holotype: K).
Setaria cana Setaria cana de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 30. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH-WEST AFRICA: Namibia: Waterberg, s.d., Boss 36343 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria chrysantha Setaria chrysantha (Steudel) Heynhold, Alph. Aufz. Gew. 661. 1847, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum chrysanthum Steudel 1854; Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Setaria decipiens Setaria decipiens de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 28. 1941, non Schimper ex Ascherson 1864. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Albertinia, s.d., Muir 1344 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria flabellata Setaria flabellata Stapf, in Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Cap. 7: 425. 1899. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Setaria flabellata (unranked) elongata Setaria flabellata Stapf, (unranked) elongata de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 38. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Setaria flabellata forma hirsutior Setaria flabellata Stapf, forma hirsutior de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 38. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Transvaal: Nelspruit, s.d., Liebenberg 5291 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria flabellata subsp. natalensis Setaria flabellata Stapf, subsp. natalensis de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 38. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Meteor Ridge, s.d., Mogg 3413 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria flabelliformis Setaria flabelliformis de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 40. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Barberton, s.d., de Wit 790 (holotype: PRE(destroyed)).
Setaria glauca var. aurea Setaria glauca (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. aurea (Hochstetter ex A. Braun) K. Schumann, in Lauterbach & K. Schumann, Fl. Schutzgeb. Suedsee 180. 1900 ("1901").BASIONYM: Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Setaria homblei Setaria homblei De Wildeman, Ann. Soc. Sci. Burxelles 39(Mém.): 134. 1920. TYPE: ZAIRE: Shinsenda, s.d., Homble 557 (lectotype: BR). Lectotypified by Clayton & Renvoize, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Gramineae 529. 1982.
Setaria laxispica Setaria laxispica Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 802. 1930. TYPE: NIGERIA: Lokoja, s.d., Richardson s.n. (holotype: K).
Setaria myosuroides Setaria myosuroides Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 64, fig. 33(1). 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Masai Distr.: Loldugai to Duruma R., s.d., Peter 1702 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Setaria neglecta Setaria neglecta de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 49. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Albany, s.d., Dyer 1831 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria perennis Setaria perennis Hackel, Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 379. 1895, non Smyth 1892. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Setaria planifolia Setaria planifolia Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 794. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Unyamwezi, s.d., Grant s.n. (holotype: K).
Setaria rudimentosa Setaria rudimentosa (Steudel) T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 774. 1894.BASIONYM: Panicum rudimentosum Steudel 1854. 
Setaria scalaris Setaria scalaris Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 67, fig. 33(3). 1936. TYPE: TANZANIA: Buha Distr.: Muhoro, s.d., Peter 37686 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Setaria sphacelata subsp. nodosa Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, subsp. nodosa de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 52. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Zululand: Mtunzini, s.d., Mogg 4366 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria sphacelata subsp. pyropea Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, subsp. pyropea de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 52. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Natal: Dargle Road, s.d., Mogg 6893 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria sphacelata var. aurea Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, var. aurea (Hochstetter ex A. Braun) Clayton, Kew Bull. 33: 505. 1979.BASIONYM: Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Setaria sphacelata var. sericea Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, var. sericea (Stapf) Clayton, Kew Bull. 33: 506. 1979.BASIONYM: Setaria anceps Stapf, var. sericea Stapf 1930. 
Setaria sphacelata var. splendida Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, var. splendida (Stapf) Clayton, Kew Bull. 33: 506. 1979.BASIONYM: Setaria splendida Stapf 1930. 
Setaria sphacelata var. stolonifera Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, var. stolonifera de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 53. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Orange Free State, Ladybrand, s.d., Goossens 1023 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria sphacelata var. torta Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, var. torta (Stapf) Clayton, Kew Bull. 33: 506. 1979.BASIONYM: Setaria torta Stapf 1930. 
Setaria splendida Setaria splendida Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 799. 1930. TYPE: SUDAN:
Setaria stenantha Setaria stenantha Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 805. 1930. TYPE: MALAWI: Without data, Buchanan 236 (holotype: BM).
Setaria stolzii Setaria stolzii Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 805. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Njombe Distr.: Madahani (Nadehani), s.d., Stolz 2323 (holotype: K).
Setaria tenuispica Setaria tenuispica Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 805. 1930. TYPE: SIERRA LEONE: Messima, s.d., Fisher 2013 (holotype: K).
Setaria torta Setaria torta Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 801. 1930. TYPE: ZIMBABWE:
Setaria trinervia Setaria trinervia Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 791. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: