Indigofera spicata

Species:Indigofera spicata Forssk.
Plant Notes:This plant contains indospicine (an amino acid) and is notably toxic to many grazing animals (Morton 1989; Fletcher et al. 2015). Florida material appears to key out as I. spicata, although it has been alleged instead that I. hendecaphylla is the species occurring in Florida (Du Puy et al. 1993; Wilson & Rowe 2008).
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.


Sub Class
Genus Indigofera
Species Indigofera spicata Forssk. - TRAILING INDIGO


Citation INDIGOFERA SPICATA Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 138. 1775.
Basionym: **
Type: YEMEN: Bolgose, s.d., Forsskål s.n. (holotype: C).

** Not applicable or data not available.


CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Bay FSU  
Bradford USF  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus PIHG  
Clay USF  
Collier FTG  
Columbia USF  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden FSU  
Gilchrist USF  
Glades FTG  
Hamilton USF  
Hernando PIHG  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FSU  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FSU  
Jefferson FSU  
Lafayette FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FSU  
Levy USF  
Madison USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FTG  
Nassau PIHG  
Okaloosa FLAS  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach FTG  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FSU  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  


– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Anila spicata Anila spicata (Forsskål) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 939. 1891.BASIONYM: Indigofera spicata Forsskål 1775. 
Anila celebica Anila celebica (Miquel) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 939. 1891.BASIONYM: Indigofera celebica Miquel 1855. 
Anila parkeri Anila parkeri (Baker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 939. 1891.BASIONYM: Indigofera parkeri Baker 1883. 
Indigofera celebica Indigofera celebica Miquel, Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 311. 1855. TYPE: INDONESIA: Celebes: Without data, Zollinger 1173 (holotype: P).
Indigofera hendecaphylla var. acutifolia Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacquin, var. acutifolia Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 88. 1903. TYPE: ETHIOPIA: Eritrea: Without data, Pappi 283 (holotype: FI).
Indigofera hendecaphylla var. angustifolia Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacquin, var. angustifolia A. Richard, Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 182. 1847. TYPE: ETHIOPIA: Adoense, Mt. Scholada, s.d., Schimper 366 (holotype: W; isotype: K).
Indigofera hendecaphylla var. major Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacquin, var. major Baker f., Legum. Trop. AFr. 135. 1926. TYPE: ZIMBABWE: Without data, Macauly 338 (holotype: K).
Indigofera hendecaphylla var. parvula Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacquin, var. parvula Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 88. 1903. TYPE: ETHIOPIA: Eritrea: Without data, Schweinfurth 1752 (holotype: FI).
Indigofera kleinii Indigofera kleinii Wight & Arnott, Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 204. 1834. TYPE: INDIA: Without data, Wight 2420 (holotype: K).
Indigofera neglecta Indigofera neglecta N. Brown, in Burtt-Davy, Man. Fl. Transvaal 2(24): 371. 1932. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Transvaal: Crocodile River, s.d., Burke s.n. (holotype: K).
Indigofera parkeri Indigofera parkeri Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 126. 1883. TYPE: MADAGASCAR: Without data, Parker s.n. (holotype: K).
Indigofera parvula Indigofera parvula Delile, in Cailliaud, Cent. Pl. Afr. Voy. Meroe 38, t. 64(3.1). 1826. TYPE: SUDAN: Kerebyn, s.d., Cailliaud s.n. (holotype: MPU?; isotype: P).


Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Volusia Co. 17 Dec 2003 J. M. Kunzer 449
USA Florida Monroe Co. 20 Dec 1966 O. K. Lakela 30472
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 Jun 1966 R. W. Long 1904
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 17 Dec 1961 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 19 Apr 1981 J. Beckner 2465
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 27-28 Oct 1969 O. K. Lakela 31946
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 Jun 1966 R. W. Long 1684
USA Florida Manatee Co. 28 Sep 1977 A.G. Shuey 2004
USA Florida Polk Co. 14 Sep 1966 O. K. Lakela 30246
USA Florida Martin Co. 3 Nov 1979 J. Popenoe 1840
USA Florida Lake Co. 20 Mar 1981 R. P. Wunderlin 8958
USA Florida Lake Co. 1 Sep 1990 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 15 Mar 1981 J. Popenoe 1948
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 22 May 1972 P. Genelle 1281
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 25 Sep 1993 S. Cole OS0133
USA Florida Columbia Co. 27 Aug 1992 B. J. Herring 904
USA Florida Martin Co. 04 Nov 1979 R. P. Sauleda 3211
USA Florida Monroe Co. 03 May 1981 R. P. Sauleda 4933
USA Florida Polk Co. 15 Jun 1981 R. P. Sauleda 5488
USA Florida Monroe Co. 22 May 1978 W. C. Brumbach 9394
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 29 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6317
USA Florida Orange Co. 31 Aug 2001 S. Myers 286
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 11 Aug 2001 S. Myers 266
USA Florida Brevard Co. 13 Oct 2002 S. Myers 478
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 14 Oct 1999 J. Myers 518
USA Florida Broward Co. 31 May 1997 M. A. Vincent 7845
USA Florida Indian River Co. 05 Nov 2000 S. Myers 13
USA Florida Broward Co. 15 Oct 2000 P. L. Howell 433d
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 26 Sep 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 10054
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 15 Jul 1994 H. A. Freeman HI0029
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 03 Aug 1993 B. F. Hansen 12348
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 27 Dec 1979 R. P. Sauleda 3273
USA Florida Flagler Co. 27 Sep 1983 B. F. Hansen 9707
USA Florida Lee Co. 12 Jul 1985 E. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 25 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10743
USA Florida Lake Co. 08 Nov 1992 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 25 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10788
USA Florida Osceola Co. 26 Sep 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 10039
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 04 Sep 1988 G. Fleming 4142
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Jul 1988 G. Fleming 4111
USA Florida Levy Co. 31 Aug 1979 D. W. Crewz 1643
USA Florida Pasco Co. 17 Sep 2004 E. M. Ferguson 826
USA Florida Clay Co. 21 Oct 2005 J. M. Kunzer 1156
USA Florida Marion Co. 02 Jul 2000 J. M. Kunzer 357
USA Florida Seminole Co. 19 Oct 2004 W. D. Longbottom 5505
USA Florida Volusia Co. 08 May 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1639
USA Florida Martin Co. Sep 1989 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Lake Co. 17 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 15423
USA Florida Lake Co. 06 May 2009 W. D. Longbottom 12684
USA Florida Polk Co. 16 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14494
USA Florida Polk Co. 16 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14478
USA Florida Orange Co. 16 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14466
USA Florida Osceola Co. 31 Oct 2011 D. H. Williams 2687
USA Florida Orange Co. 04 Nov 2011 D. H. Williams 2708
USA Florida Seminole Co. 15 Nov 2011 D. H. Williams 2734
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 16 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 16874
USA Florida Madison Co. 30 Sep 2012 S. Myers 719
USA Florida Seminole Co. 12 Jul 2012 D. H. Williams 3209
USA Florida Highlands Co. 12 Mar 1992 J. L. Reveal 7178
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 10 Jan 2012 D. Hilbert 10
USA Florida Taylor Co. 11 May 2013 D. H. Williams 3627
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 05 Jul 2013 D. H. Williams 3720
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Apr 2013 C. vanHoek HR0697
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 31 Dec 2014 D. H. Williams 4025
USA Florida Lake Co. 02 Nov 2014 S. Myers 1526
USA Florida Bradford Co. 18 Oct 2014 S. Myers 1481
USA Florida Sumter Co. 20 Dec 2014 S. Myers 1570
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 07 Nov 2015 W. D. Longbottom 23988
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 22 Mar 1964 P. Silverstone 51
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 20 May 1966 J. L. Behler 75
USA Florida Polk Co. 09 Nov 2015 W. D. Longbottom 24069
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 05 Aug 2014 J. R. Burkhalter 24872
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 02 Nov 2017 J. R. Burkhalter 26527
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 07 Mar 2017 W. D. Longbottom 26348
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