Alpinia zerumbet

Species:Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.)B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm.
Plant Notes:The name Alpinia nutans (L.) Roscoe is widely misapplied to A. zerumbet. Alpinia nutans (endemic to the Maluku Islands) has large, primary red bracts (eventually deciduous or drying) along the central rachis which subtend the lateral, densely bracteolate (8-20 bracteoles), spike-like cincinni with red-lipped flowers (type here:, errantly cited as "t. 12, 13" by Linnaeus; see also Smith 1975:; see also Andriyani 2010:; see also Alpinia zerumbet does not have large, primary bracts along the central rachis and its lateral cincinni are rather few-bracteolate with 2-4 flowers.
Status:Not Native, UPL (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.


Sub Class
Genus Alpinia
Species Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.)B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm. - SHELLFLOWER; SHELL GINGER


Citation ALPINIA ZERUMBET (Persoon) B. L. Burtt & R. M. Smith, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 31: 204. 1972.
Basionym: Costus zerumbet Persoon 1805; Zerumbet speciosum J. C. Wendland 1798.
Type: CHINA: Without data, Wendland s.n. (holotype: GOET).

** Not applicable or data not available.


CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Brevard USF  
Miami-Dade FLAS  
Orange FLAS  
Putnam PIHG  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole FLAS  
Volusia FLAS  


– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Costus zerumbet Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 3. 1805.BASIONYM: Zerumbet speciosum J. C. Wendland 1798. 
Alpinia speciosa Alpinia speciosa (J. C. Wendland) K. Schumann, in K. Schumann & Hollrung, Fl. Kais. Wilh. Land 29. 1889, non D. Dietrich 1839.BASIONYM: Zerumbet speciosum J. C. Wendland 1798. 
Catimbium speciosum Catimbium speciosum (J. C. Wendland) Holttum, Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem., ser. 3. 13: 152. 1950.BASIONYM: Zerumbet speciosum J. C. Wendland 1798. 
Languas speciosa Languas speciosa (J. C. Wendland) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S., ed. 2. 307, 1375. 1913.BASIONYM: Zerumbet speciosum J. C. Wendland 1798. 
Zerumbet speciosum Zerumbet speciosum J. C. Wendland, in Schrader, Sert. Hannov. 4: 3, t. 19. 1798. TYPE: CHINA: Without data, Wendland s.n. (holotype: GOET).
Alpinia cristata Alpinia cristata Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 3: 421. 1851. TYPE: MALAYSIA: Malacca:
Alpinia engleriana Alpinia engleriana K. Schumann, Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 2: 102. 1898. TYPE: PAPUA NEW GUINEA: New Ireland: :New Hanover Island,
Alpinia fimbriata Alpinia fimbriata Gagnepain, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 447. 1902.  
Alpinia fluvitialis Alpinia fluvitialis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 5: 227. 1915. TYPE: TAIWAN:
Alpinia nutans Alpinia nutans K. Schumann, in K. Schumann & Hollrung, Fl. Kais. Wilh.-Land 28. 1889, non Roscoe 1805. TYPE: PAPUA NEW GUINEA:
Alpinia nutans var. longiramosa Alpinia nutans K. Schumann, var. longiramosa Gagnepain, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 447. 1902. TYPE: VIETNAM:
Alpinia oceanica Alpinia oceanica Burkill, Proc. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 9(2): 93. 1896.BASIONYM: Alpinia nutans K. Schumann 1889, non Roscoe 1805. 
Alpinia penicillata Alpinia penicillata Roscoe, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 11: 280. 1816.  
Alpinia rechingeri Alpinia rechingeri (Gagnepain) Loesener, in Engler, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2. 15a: 622. 1930, non Gagnepain 1908.BASIONYM: Guillinia rechingeri Gagnepain 1908 
Alpinia schumanniana Alpinia schumanniana Valeton, Bull. Inst. Bot. Buitenzorg 20: 84. 1904.  
Guillainia rechingeri Guillainia rechingeri Gagnepain, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 433. 1908. TYPE: PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Bougainville,
Languas schumanniana Languas schumanniana (Valeton) Sasaki, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 14(74): 23. 1924.BASIONYM: Alpinia schumanniana Valeton 1904. 
Renealmia nutans Renealmia nutans Andrews, Bot. Repos. 5: t. 360. 1804.  
Renealmia spectabilis Renealmia spectabilis Rusby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 218. 1927. TYPE: BOLIVIA: Beni: Rurrenabaque, 2 Jan 1922, Cárdenas 2039 (holotype: NY; isotypes: E, K, MICH, MO, NY).


Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 124 See photo of sheet for A.T. Whittemore annotation.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 13 Jan 2015 F. Ortega s.n. Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 13 Jan 2015 F. Ortega s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 May 1969 W. T. Gillis 8097 CULTIVATED. From East Asia.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 28 May 2013 C. vanHoek HR0703 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Seminole Co. 02 May 2013 David Williams 3566 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Collier Co. 02 Feb 1967 G. R. Cooley 11866 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 1992 R. Arias 86 CULTIVATED.
Dominica St. Paul Par. 24 May 1996 S. R. Hill 27867
St. Vincent & the Grenadines St. Vincent St. George Par. 05 Feb 1962 G. R. Cooley 8311
Puerto Rico Utuado Mun. 17 May 1970 M. Meagher 202
Puerto Rico 01 Feb 1945 E. P. Claus 25
USA Florida Polk Co. Sep 1973 V. W. Yingst s.n.
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