Verbena officinalis

Species:Verbena officinalis L.
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.


Sub Class
Genus Verbena
Species Verbena officinalis L. - HERB-OF-THE-CROSS


Citation VERBENA OFFICINALIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 20. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Herb. Clifford 11(Verbena 6) (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Verdcourt, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 98. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.


CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Escambia US-Lit Lit-US: Moldenke, Phytologia 10: 233. 1964; Wilhelm, Vasc. Fl. Pensacola Reg. 191. 1984.


– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Verbena officinalis var. genuina Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. genuina Briquet, Annuaire Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Gèneve 10: 105. 1907, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Verbena officinalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Verbena officinalis var. vulgaris Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. vulgaris Schauer, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 9: 191. 1851, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Verbena officinalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Verbena vulgaris Verbena vulgaris Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 378. 1897, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Verbena officinalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Verbena macrostachya Verbena macrostachya F. Mueller, Fragm. 1: 60. 1858. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: Queensland: Leichardt, Peak Downs, 1856, Mueller s.n. (lectotype: MEL; isolectotypes: GH, K, M). Lectotypified by P. W. Michael, Telopea 7: 294. 1997.
Verbena officinalis forma albiflora Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, forma albiflora (Strobl) Strobl ex Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5: 2241. 1927.BASIONYM: Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. albiflora Strobl 1883. 
Verbena officinalis forma anomala Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, forma anomala Moldenke, Phytologia 51: 163. 1982. TYPE: CHINA: Guangdong: Hainan Island, 21 Jan 1934, Liang 64870 (holotype: MICH; isotype: NY).
Verbena officinalis var. albiflora Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. albiflora Strobl, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 33: 406. 1883. TYPE: ITALY:
Verbena officinalis var. anarrhinoides Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. anarrhinoides Murr, Allg. Bot. Z. 14: 19. 1908. TYPE: AUSTRIA:
Verbena officinalis var. brachyantha Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. brachyantha Murr, Allg. Bot. Z. 16: 187. 1910. TYPE: AUSTRIA:
Verbena officinalis var. eremicola Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. eremicola Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 20: 88. 2002. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: South Australia: 5 km ENE of Karawinni waterhole, 17 Aug 1975, Weber 4543 (holotype: AD).
Verbena officinalis var. grandiflora Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. grandiflora Haussknecht, Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, ser. 2. 10: 65. 1897. TYPE: GREECE: Below Mt. Pindi, aroun Korona Monastery, 20-28 Jun 1885, Haussknecht s.n. (holotype: JE).
Verbena officinalis var. macrostachya Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. macrostachya (F. Mueller) Bentham, Fl. Austral. 5: 36. 1870.BASIONYM: Verbena macrostachya F. Mueller 1858. 
Verbena officinalis var. prostrata Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. prostrata Grenier & Godron, Fl. France 2: 718. 1853. TYPE: FRANCE:
Verbena officinalis var. ramosa Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. ramosa H. Léveillé, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 440. 1912. TYPE: CHINA: Guizhou: Kouy-Yang, Lan-Men-Ouay, 16 Jul 1898, Bodinier 2412 (holotype: E).
Verbena officinalis var. resedifolia Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. resedifolia Murr, Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 20: 52. 1902. TYPE: ITALY:
Verbena officinalis var. spuria Verbena officinalis Linnaeus, var. spuria (Linnaeus) Hooker, Companion Bot. Mag. 1: 176. 1836.BASIONYM: Verbena spuria Linnaeus 1753. 
Verbena riparia Verbena riparia Rafinesque ex Small & A. Heller, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 3: 12. 1892. TYPE: NORTH CAROLINA: Caldwell Co.: Along the John's River near Globe, 3 Jul 1891, Small & Heller s.n. (lectotype: NY; isolectotype: MO). Lectotypified by Moldenke, Phytologia 11: 101. 1964.
Verbena rumelica Verbena rumelica Velenovsky, Fl. Bulg. 441. 1891. TYPE: BULGARIA:
Verbena spuria Verbena spuria Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 20. 1753. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 431 (neotype: BM). Neotypified by G. L. Nesom, Phytoneuron 2010(16): 1. 2010.
Verbena urticifolia var. riparia Verbena urticifolia Linnarus, var. riparia (Rafinesque ex Small & A. Heller) Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 276. 1894.BASIONYM: Verbena riparia Rafinesque ex Small & A. Heller 1892. 


Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Illinois DeKalb Co. 05 Feb 2008 P. D. Sorensen 08-02 CULTIVATED.
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