Ipomoea hederifolia

Species:Ipomoea hederifolia L.
Plant Notes:Wood et al. (2020) reported one specimen each from Florida for I. coccinea (Buckley s.n., K) and I. hederifolia (Burkhalter 12850, UWFP). For I. coccinea (endemic to the SE USA), it is defined by its unlobed leaf blades, outer sepals 3 mm long with a 2-6 mm mucro (inner sepals 5 mm with a 2-5 mm mucro), and the pedicel becoming reflexed in fruit. For I. hederifolia (widespread in neotropics and SE USA), it has usually lobed leaf blades, the outer sepals 1.5-3 mm long (2-5 mm with mucro and inner sepals slightly larger), and the pedicel erect in fruit (Wood et al. 2020). O'Donell (1959) characterized I. hederifolia as having lobed or unlobed leaves, inner sepals to 3(-4) mm long, erect fruiting pedicels, and found from Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas south to northern Argentina, while I. coccinea had unlobed leaves, inner sepals 4-6 mm long, reflexed fruiting pedicels, and restricted from Georgia north to Rhode Island and west to Oklahoma (see also Wilson 1960; Wijnands 1983). Samples identified as I. coccinea from North Carolina and George were distinct from samples identified as I. hederifolia from Mexico and Papau New Guinea based on ITS sequences (Miller et al. 2004). The provenance of the earlier name I. coccinea (lectotype: LINN 219.3) was given as "Domingo" by Linnaeus, which allegedly (O'Donell 1959) actually referred to the type of I. hederifolia, Plumier's illustration, from Hispaniola.
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.


Sub Class
Genus Ipomoea
Species Ipomoea hederifolia L. - SCARLETCREEPER


Citation IPOMOEA HEDERIFOLIA Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 925. 1759.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: Plumier, in Burman, Pl. Amer. t. 93(2). 1756). Lectotypified by O'Donell, Lilloa 29: 48. 1959.

** Not applicable or data not available.


CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Bay FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay FSU  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
Dixie USF  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Flagler PIHG  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden USF  
Gilchrist USF  
Gulf FSU  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FLAS  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson FSU  
Lafayette FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FSU  
Levy FLAS  
Liberty FSU  
Madison FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys FTG  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa USF  
Orange USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam PIHG  
Santa Rosa UWFP  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter FLAS  
Taylor FSU  
Union FLAS  
Volusia FLAS  
Wakulla FSU  
Washington FSU  


– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Convolvulus coccineus var. hederifolius Convolvulus coccineus (Linnaeus) Salisbury, var. hederifolius (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 213. 1898.BASIONYM: Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus 1759. 
Convolvulus hederifolius Convolvulus hederifolius (Linnaeus) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 594. 1824.BASIONYM: Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus 1759. 
Ipomoea coccinea var. hederifolia Ipomoea coccinea Linnaeus, var. hederifolia (Linnaeus) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 209. 1878.BASIONYM: Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus 1759. 
Mina hederifolia Mina hederifolia (Linnaeus) Bello, Apuntes Fl. Puerto-Rico 1: 294. 1881.BASIONYM: Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus 1759. 
Quamoclit coccinea var. hederifolia Quamoclit coccinea (Linnaeus) Moench, var. hederifolia (Linnaeus) House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 599. 1909.BASIONYM: Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus 1753. 
Quamoclit hederifolia Quamoclit hederifolia (Linnaeus) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 259. 1837.BASIONYM: Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus 1759. 
Convolvulus acutangulus Convolvulus acutangulus (Ruiz López & Pavón) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 605. 1824.BASIONYM: Ipomoea acutangula Ruiz López & Pavón 1799. 
Convolvulus angulatus Convolvulus angulatus (Lamarck) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 594. 1824.BASIONYM: Ipomoea angulata Lamarck 1793. 
Convolvulus luteolus Convolvulus luteolus (Jacquin) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 599. 1824.BASIONYM: Ipomoea luteola Jacquin 1789. 
Convolvulus phoeniceus Convolvulus phoeniceus (Roxburgh ex Willdenow) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 596. 1824.BASIONYM: Ipomoea phoenicea Roxburgh ex Willdenow 1803. 
Convolvulus sanguineus Convolvulus sanguineus (Vahl) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 595. 1824.BASIONYM: Ipomoea sanguinea Vahl 1794. 
Doxema sanguinea Doxema sanguinea (Vahl) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 75. 1838.BASIONYM: Ipomoea sanguinea Vahl 1794. 
Ipomoea acutangula Ipomoea acutangula Ruiz López & Pavón, Fl. Peruv. 2: 11, t. 119(b). 1799. TYPE: PERU:
Ipomoea angularis Ipomoea angularis Willdenow, in Rottler, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 197. 1803.  
Ipomoea angulata Ipomoea angulata Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 464. 1793. TYPE: MAURITIUS: Without data, Sonnerat s.n. (holotype: P).
Ipomoea brevipedicellata Ipomoea brevipedicellata (Hallier f.) Hallier f., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 46: 20. 1922.BASIONYM: Quamoclit brevipedicedllata Hallier f. 1899. 
Ipomoea coccinea forma luteola Ipomoea coccinea Linnaeus, forma luteola (Jacquin) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 709. 1894.BASIONYM: Ipomoea luteola Jacquin 1789. 
Ipomoea coccinea var. curviflora Ipomoea coccinea Linnaeus, var. curviflora Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 472. 1861. TYPE: JAMAICA:
Ipomoea coccinea var. luteola Ipomoea coccinea Linnaeus, var. var. luteola (Jacquin) Meisner, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 7: 218. 1869.BASIONYM: Ipomoea luteola Jacquin 1789. 
Ipomoea dichotoma Ipomoea dichotoma Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 112. 1819. TYPE: COLOMBIA:
Ipomoea humboldtiana Ipomoea humboldtiana Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 4: 789. 1819, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Ipomoea angularis Willdenow 1803. 
Ipomoea luteola Ipomoea luteola Jacquin, Collectanea 2: 266. 1789.  
Ipomoea nephrophylla Ipomoea nephrophylla Meisner, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 7: 219. 1869.  
Ipomoea phoenicea Ipomoea phoenicea Roxburgh ex Willdenow, in Rottler, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 197. 1803. TYPE: INDIA:
Ipomoea sanguinea Ipomoea sanguinea Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 33. 1794. TYPE: VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Croix: Without data, West s.n. (holotype: C).
Quamoclit acutangula Quamoclit acutangula (Ruiz López & Pavón) Choisy, in de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 335. 1845.BASIONYM: Ipomoea acutangula Ruiz López & Pavón 1799. 
Quamoclit angulata Quamoclit angulata (Lamarck) Bojer, Hortus Maurit. 224. 1837.BASIONYM: Ipomoea angulata Lamarck 1793. 
Quamoclit brevipedicellata Quamoclit brevipedicellata Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 416. 1899. TYPE: GUATEMALA:
Quamoclit coccinea var. luteola Quamoclit coccinea (Linnaeus) Moench, var. luteola (Jacquin) Choisy, in de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 335. 1845.BASIONYM: Ipomoea luteola Jacquin 1789. 
Quamoclit dichotoma Quamoclit dichotoma (Kunth) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 259. 1837.BASIONYM: Ipomoea dichotoma Kunth 1819. 
Quamoclit gracilis Quamoclit gracilis Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 416. 1899. TYPE: MEXICO:
Quamoclit luteola Quamoclit luteola (Jacquin) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 248. 1837.BASIONYM: Ipomoea luteola Jacquin 1789. 
Quamoclit phoenicea Quamoclit phoenicea (Roxburgh ex Willdenow) Choisy, Mém Soc. Phys. Genève 6: 433. 1834 ("1833").BASIONYM: Ipomoea phoenicea Roxburgh ex Willdenow 1803. 
Quamoclit sanguinea Quamoclit sanguinea (Vahl) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4; 259. 1837.BASIONYM: Ipomoea sanguinea Vahl 1794. 


Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 13 Jun 2008 C. vanHoek HR0619
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Oct 1977 G. Winkler 46
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 30 Sep 1972 P. Genelle 1586
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 16 Mar 1973 M. Meagher MM805
USA Florida Hendry Co. 07 Oct 2009 K. Nolte s.n.
USA Florida Broward Co. 12 Oct 1998 P. L. Howell 40
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 24 Nov 1980 G. Wilhelm 8035
USA Florida Alachua Co. 14 Aug 1981 J. C. Easterday 663
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 17 Jun 1980 R. P. Sauleda 3611
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 Nov 2000 C. Becker WC0586
USA Florida Orange Co. 28 Jul 2001 S. Myers 224
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 19 Jul 1970 M. Meagher 328
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 31 Oct 1960 O. K. Lakela 23466
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 Sep 1971 P. Genelle s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 Sep 1978 C. A. Schoeneberg 42
USA Florida Marion Co. 18 Dec 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6535
USA Florida Alachua Co. 12 Oct 1979 B. F. Hansen 6433
USA Florida Hardee Co. 26 Sep 1978 A. Fulton 166
USA Florida Polk Co. 07 Nov 1979 A.G. Shuey 2354
USA Florida Nassau Co. 01 Nov 1981 D. S. Correll 53070
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 14 Oct 1979 R. P. Sauleda 3036
USA Florida Highlands Co. 12 Sep 1984 K. R. DeLaney 93
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 25 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10738
USA Florida Jackson Co. 01 Sep 1987 B. F. Hansen 11485
USA Florida Pasco Co. 28 Sep 1986 E. E. Wise s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 25 Sep 1986 B. F. Hansen 11250
USA Florida Alachua Co. 12 Oct 1984 R. Gannon 87
USA Florida Hernando Co. 21 Sep 1985 C. vanHoek s.n.
USA Florida Escambia Co. 16 Aug 1983 G. Wilhelm 11700
USA Florida Alachua Co. 03 Oct 1982 J. D. Skean, Jr. 863
USA Florida Citrus Co. 02 Sep 1982 N. L. Mawhinney 27
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 05 Sep 1977 P. Jourdan s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 07 Nov 1981 K. R. DeLaney s.n.
USA Florida Lake Co. 01 Oct 1991 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 06 Sep 2005 T. MacClendon 340
USA Florida Pasco Co. 22 Nov 2003 C. vanHoek WB0402
USA Florida Brevard Co. 26 Aug 2009 P. A. Schmalzer 09-36
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 19 Sep 2008 B. F. Hansen 13432
USA Florida Alachua Co. 09 Sep 2003 T. S. Sprenkle 42
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 01 Oct 2011 W. D. Longbottom 16533
USA Florida Columbia Co. 30 Sep 2011 W. D. Longbottom 16447
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 14 Oct 2012 A. R. Franck 3174
USA Florida Marion Co. 15 Dec 2012 S. Myers 812
USA Florida Seminole Co. 05 Nov 2012 D. H. Williams 3439
USA Florida Alachua Co. 09 Aug 2013 D. H. Williams 3805
USA Florida Seminole Co. 28 Sep 2013 D. H. Williams 3863
USA Florida Columbia Co. 22 Jul 2014 A. R. Franck 3444
USA Florida Orange Co. 26 Aug 1999 R. Mejeur 763
USA Florida Dixie Co. 28 Aug 2015 K. K. Douglas B2015-621
USA Florida Jackson Co. 07 Nov 2015 W. D. Longbottom 24000
USA Florida Polk Co. 07 Oct 2015 J. R. Campbell 103
USA Florida Collier Co. 15 Dec 2007 J. N. Burch 2806
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 20 May 1964 H. W. Severance 83
USA Florida Lee Co. 02 Nov 2007 S.W. Braem KS0086
Venezuela Aragua 13 Dec 1968 J. v. Rooden 126
Mexico Yucatán 08 Oct 1983 R. P. Sauleda 8461
El Salvador La Libertad Dept. 18 Oct 1957 L. E. González 1686
Mexico Baja California 04 Dec 1959 I. L. Wiggins 249
Venezuela Distrito Federal 12 Oct 1938 A. H. G. Alston 5445
USA Alabama Montgomery Co. 30 Jul 2010 A. R. Diamond 21512
USA South Carolina Orangeburg Co. 04 Oct 2017 J. B. Nelson 37899
USA Florida Polk Co. 25 Apr 1961 W. L. Mize s.n.
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: