Krugiodendron ferreum

Species:Krugiodendron ferreum (Vahl)Urb.
Plant Notes:The wood of this species is extremely dense, with a specific gravity of about 1.3 (Sargent 1884, as Condalia ferrea).
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.


Sub Class
Genus Krugiodendron
Species Krugiodendron ferreum (Vahl)Urb. - BLACK IRONWOOD; LEADWOOD


Citation KRUGIODENDRON FERREUM (Vahl) Urban, Symb. Antill. 3: 314. 1902.
Basionym: Rhamnus ferrea Vahl 1793.
Type: VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Croix, s.d., Rohr & West s.n. (holotype: C).

** Not applicable or data not available.


CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Indian River FLAS  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland NY  
Palm Beach FLAS  


– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ceanothus ferreus Ceanothus ferreus (Vahl) de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 30. 1825.BASIONYM: Rhamnus ferrea Vahl 1793. 
Condalia ferrea Condalia ferrea (Vahl) Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 100. 1859.BASIONYM: Rhamnus ferrea Vahl 1793. 
Rhamnidium ferreum Rhamnidium ferreum (Vahl) Sargent, Gard. & Forest 4: 16. 1891; Silva 2: 29, t. 50. 1891.BASIONYM: Rhamnus ferrea Vahl 1793. 
Rhamnus ferrea Rhamnus ferrea Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 41, t. 58. 1794. TYPE: VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Croix, s.d., Rohr & West s.n. (holotype: C).
Crossopetalum integrifolium Crossopetalum integrifolium (Poiret) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 116. 1891.BASIONYM: Myginda integrifolia Poiret 1797. 
Krugiodendron acuminatum Krugiodendron acuminatum J. A. González & Poveda, Lankesteriana 8: 16, f. 1(A-C). 2003. TYPE: COSTA RICA: Puntarernas, Parque Nacional Manual Antonio, Aguirre, Quepos, 4 May 1991, Harmon 219 (holotype: INB; isotype: MO).
Krugiodendron ferreum forma continentale Krugiodendron ferreum (Vahl) Urban, forma continentale Suessenguth, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 49: 13. 1940. TYPE: MEXICO: San Luis Potosí: Las Palmas, s.d., Pringle 6984 (holotype: M).
Myginda integrifolia Myginda integrifolia Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl. 4: 396. 1797. TYPE: MARTINIQUE: Without data, Martin s.n. (holotype: P).
Rhacoma integrifolia Rhacoma integrifolia (Poiret) Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 239. 1890.BASIONYM: Myginda integrifolia Poiret 1797. 
Rhamnus brandegeeana Rhamnus brandegeeana Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 726. 1923.BASIONYM: Rhamnus purpusii Brandegee 1912, non Schelle 1903. 
Rhamnus purpusii Rhamnus purpusii Brandegee, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 4: 274. 1912, non Schelle 1903. TYPE: MEXICO: San Luis Potosí: Minas de San Rafael, May 1911, Purpus 5348 (holotype: UC; isotypes: F, L, MO, NY, P, US).
Scutia ferrea Scutia ferrea (Vahl) Brongniart, Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 10: 363. 1827.BASIONYM: Rhamnus ferrea Vahl 1793. 
Ziziphus emarginata Ziziphus emarginata Swartz, Fl. Ind. Occid. 3: 1954. 1806. TYPE: ST. BARTS: Without data, Fahlberg s.n. (holotype: S?).


Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Monroe Co. 17 Dec 1974 J. E. Poppleton s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 12 Apr 1969 R. W. Long 2819
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 125
USA Florida Broward Co. 19 Apr 1966 O. K. Lakela 1543
USA Florida Monroe Co. 19 Apr 1981 W. C. Brumbach 9691
USA Florida Brevard Co. 14 Jun 2002 C. Crawford 16
USA Florida Monroe Co. 17 Dec 1974 J. E. Poppleton s.n.
USA Florida Martin Co. Apr 1989 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 01 Jun 1961 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Martin and Palm Beach Co's 27-29 Jul 1956 G. R. Cooley 4878
USA Florida Monroe Co. 19 Sep 1963 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 26 Jun 1971 C. P. Sreemadhavan 4903
USA Florida Monroe Co. 19 Jun 1979 W. C. Brumbach 9495
USA Florida Monroe Co. 24 Jun 1952 A. Wilson F-14
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Jun 1961 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 31 Jan 2006 P. A. Schmalzer 06-03
USA Florida Martin Co. 07 Apr 1998 K. A. Bradley 912
Jamaica Cornwall Co. Trelawny Par. 18 Mar 1974 D. Burch 7114
Jamaica Middlesex Co. Clarendon Par. 07 May 2015 P. A. Lewis 955
USA Florida Monroe Co. 06 Sep 1929 M. Mulvania s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 25 Jul 1929 M. Mulvania s.n.
Bahamas North Andros Island 21 May 1995 E. Freid 95-014
Bahamas Bell Island 06 Jul 1996 E. Freid 96-120
Bahamas Bell Island 26 Jun 1995 E. Freid 95-151
Bahamas Bell Island 24 Jun 1995 E. Freid 95-122
Dominican Republic Santiago Prov. 16 May 1969 A. H. Liogier 15240 Collected by José J. Jiménez.
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Prov. 27 May 1973 A. H. Liogier 19320
Mexico Guanajuato 05 Jul 1971 P. Genelle 902
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