Oplismenus hirtellus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Oplismenus hirtellus (L.)P.Beauv.
Common Name:WOODSGRASS; BASKETGRASS
Plant Notes:Native to the Americas, O. hirtellus s.str. appears to be recently introduced to Florida. It can be recognized by its larger leaves (blades > 4 cm long by 1-2 cm wide) and larger racemes (rachis lower racemes > 1 cm long with usually more than 8 spikelets).
Status:Not Native, FAC (DEP), FAC (NWPL), T (WAP)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Oplismenus
Species Oplismenus hirtellus (L.)P.Beauv. - WOODSGRASS; BASKETGRASS

Citation

Citation OPLISMENUS HIRTELLUS (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 54. 1812.
Basionym: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759.
Type: Without data, Arduino 53 (lectotype: LINN 80.27). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 103. 1981.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Broward USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Hippagrostis hirtella Hippagrostis hirtella (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 777. 1891.BASIONYM: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Milium undulatifolium Milium undulatifolium Moench, Methodus 202. 1794, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Oplismenus parvifolius Oplismenus parvifolius Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 45. 1829, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Orthopogon parvifolius Nuttall 1818, nom. illegit.; Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Orthopogon hirtellus Orthopogon hirtellus (Linnaeus) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 55. 1818.BASIONYM: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Orthopogon parvifolius Orthopogon parvifolius Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. err. 1818, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Panicum hirtellum Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 870. 1759. TYPE: Without data, Arduino 53 (lectotype: LINN 80.27). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 103. 1981.
Panicum nuttallianum Panicum nuttallianum Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 260. 1841, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Orthopogon parvifolius Nuttall 1818, nom. illegit.; Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Setaria hirtella Setaria hirtella (Linnaeus) Schultes, Mant. 2: 276. 1824.BASIONYM: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Echinochloa cubensis Echinochloa cubensis (Sprengel) Schultes, Mant. 3: 596. 1827.BASIONYM: Orthopogon cubensis Sprengel 1824. 
Hekaterosachne elatior Hekaterosachne elatior Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 118. 1854. TYPE: NEW ZEALAND:
Hippagrostis loliacea Hippagrostis loliacea (Lamarck) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 777. 1891.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Oplismenus aemulus Oplismenus aemulus (R. Brown) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 487. 1817.BASIONYM: Orthhopogon aemulus R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus aemulus var. densiflorus Oplismenus aemulus (R. Brown) Roemer & Schultes, var. densiflorus O. Scholz, Phanerog. Monogr. 13: 82, f. 20. 1981. TYPE: PAPUA NEW GUINEA:
Oplismenus aemulus var. flaccidus Oplismenus aemulus (R. Brown) Roemer & Schultes, var. flaccidus (R. Brown) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 20: 328. 1915.BASIONYM: Orthhopogon flaccidus R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus aemulus var. lasiorhachis Oplismenus aemulus (R. Brown) Roemer & Schultes, var. lasiorhachis Domin, Biblioth Bot. 20: 329. 1915. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: Queensland:
Oplismenus africanus Oplismenus africanus Palisot de Beauvois, Fl. Oware 2: 15, pl. 68(1). 1810. TYPE: NIGERIA: Without data, Palisot de Beauvois s.n. (lectotype: G). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 118. 1981.
Oplismenus aristulatus Oplismenus aristulatus Burcham, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 30: 419. 1948. TYPE: NEW BRITAIN: Bitokara Mission, Talasea, 22 Apr 1944, Burcham 138 (holotype: US).
Oplismenus borhidii Oplismenus borhidii Catasús Guerra, Acta Bot. Cub. 4: 10. 1980. TYPE: CUBA: Sancti Sprirtus: Escambray, 10 Apr 1974, Catasús Guerra 324 (holotype: HAC).
Oplismenus brasiliensis Oplismenus brasiliensis Raddi, Agrostogr. Bras. 40. 1823. TYPE: BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Corcovado, s.d., Raddi s.n. (lectotype: PI; isolectotype: FI). Lectotypified by Baldini & Longhi Wagner, Taxon 55: 476. 2006.
Oplismenus chondrosioides Oplismenus chondrosioides E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 39. 1886. TYPE: MEXICO: Withou data, Liebmann 367 (lectotype: C). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 104. 1981.
Oplismenus compositus var. imbecillis Oplismenus compositus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. imbecillis (R. Brown) F. M. Bailey, Queensland Grasses 19. 1888.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus compositus var. loliaceus Oplismenus compositus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. loliaceus (Lamarck) Hackel , in Stuckert, Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 6: 438. 1906.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Oplismenus cubensis Oplismenus cubensis (Sprengel) Kunth, Révis. Gram. 145. 1829.BASIONYM: Orthopogon cubensis Sprengel 1824. 
Oplismenus depauperatus Oplismenus depauperatus E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 38. 1886. TYPE: MEXICO: Veracruz: Orizaba, 1853, Mueller 2019 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 118. 1981.
Oplismenus flaccidus Oplismenus flaccidus (R. Brown) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 487. 1817.BASIONYM: Orthhopogon flaccidus R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus hirtellus forma imbecillis Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma imbecillis (R. Brown) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 127. 1981.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus hirtellus forma lanceolatus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma lanceolatus Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 132. 1981. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: New South Wales: Between Wolumba and Merimbula, S of Bega, s.d., Pullen 4039 (holotype: L).
Oplismenus hirtellus forma loliaceus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma loliaceus (Lamarck) Stehle, Caribbean Forest., Suppl. 6: 283. 1945.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. acuminatus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. acuminatus (Mez ex Peter) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 111. 1981.BASIONYM: Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. acuminatus Mez ex Peter 1938; Panicum acuminatissimum Steudel 1853. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. fasciculatus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. fasciculatus Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 118. 1981. TYPE: ZAIRE: Ituri, Semliki a l'est de Beni, s.d., Humbert 8993 (holotype: B).
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. imbecillis Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. imbecillis (R. Brown) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 127. 1981.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. loliaceus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. loliaceus (Lamarck) Mez ex Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1A): 219. 1938.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. microphyllus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. microphyllus (Honda) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 137. 1981.BASIONYM: Oplismenus microphyllus Honda 1930. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. psilostachys Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. psilostachys (Honda) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 138. 1981.BASIONYM: Oplismenus psilostachys Honda 1927. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. tsushimensis Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. tsushimensis (Honda) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 145. 1981.BASIONYM: Oplismenus tsushimensis Honda 1924. 
Oplismenus hirtellus var. acuminatus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. acuminatus Mez ex Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1A): 220. 1938.BASIONYM: Panicum acuminatissimum Steudel 1853. 
Oplismenus imbecillis Oplismenus imbecillis (R. Brown) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 487. 1817.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus imbecillis var. morrisonensis Oplismenus imbecillis (R. Brown) Roemer & Schultes, var. morrisonensis Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 190. 1924. TYPE: TAIWAN: Without data, Kawakami & Mori 1845 (holotype: TI).
Oplismenus loliaceus Oplismenus loliaceus (Lamarck) Palisto de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 54, 168, 170. 1812.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Oplismenus microphyllus Oplismenus microphyllus Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sec. 3, Bot. 3: 274. 1930. TYPE: JAPAN: Honshu: Itsukushima Island, 1924, Ogawa 6 (lectotype: TI). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 137. 1981.
Oplismenus minus Oplismenus minus Merrill, Philipp. Govt. Lab. Publ. 17: 9. 1904. TYPE: PHILIPPINES: Luzon: Mt. Mariveles, Oct 1903, Merrill 3203 (holotype: W).
Oplismenus psilostachys Oplismenus psilostachys Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 377. 1927. TYPE: TAIWAN: Buizan-Zyagan, 1918, Matuda-Bizi 287 (holotype: TI).
Oplismenus setarius var. aemulus Oplismenus setarius (Lamarck) Roemer & Schultes, var. aemulus (R. Brown) F. M. Bailey, Quensl. Fl. 6: 1838. 1902.BASIONYM: Orthhopogon aemulus R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus setarius var. imbecillis Oplismenus setarius (Lamarck) Roemer & Schultes, var. imbecillis (R. Brown) Bentham ex Hackel, in Warburg, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13: 259. 1891.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus tsushimensis Oplismenus tsushimensis Honda, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 20: 360. 1924. TYPE: JAPAN: Kyushu: Prov. Tsushima, 1901, Hirata 39 (holotype: TI).
Oplismenus undulatifolius var. imbecillis Oplismenus undulatifolius (Arduino) Roemer & Schultes, var. imbecillis (R. Brown) Hackel, Philipp. Govt. Lab. Publ. 25: 82. 1905.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus undulatifolius var. microphyllus Oplismenus undulatifolius (Arduino) Roemer & Schultes, var. microphyllus (Honda) Ohwi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 55: 546. 1941.BASIONYM: Oplismenus microphyllus Honda 1930. 
Oplismenus undulatifolius var. mollis Oplismenus undulatifolius (Arduino) Roemer & Schultes, var. mollis Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 85: 329. 1915. TYPE: AUSTRALIA:
Oplismenus velutinus Oplismenus velutinus (G. Meyer) Schultes, Mant. 2: 271. 1824.BASIONYM: Panicum velutinum G. Meyer 1818. 
Orthopogon aemulus Orthopogon aemulus R. Brown, Prodr. 194. 1810. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: Queensland: Keppel Bay, s.d., Brown 6132 (holotype: BM).
Orthopogon africanus Orthopogon africanus (Palisot de Beauvois) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 448. 1827.BASIONYM: Oplismenus africanus Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Orthopogon cubensis Orthopogon cubensis Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 307. 1824. TYPE: CUBA:
Orthopogon flaccidus Orthopogon flaccidus R. Brown, Prodr. 194. 1810. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: New South Wales, Newcastle District, s.d., Brown 6131 (holotype: BM).
Orthopogon imbecillis Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown, Prodr. 194. 1810. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: Without data, Brown 6133 (holotype: K; isotypes: E, LE).
Orthopogon loliaceus Orthopogon loliaceus (Lamarck) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 306. 1824.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Orthopogon velutinus Orthopogon velutinus (G. Meyer) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 306. 1824.BASIONYM: Panicum velutinum G. Meyer 1818. 
Panicum acuminatissimum Panicum acuminatissimum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 45. 1853. TYPE: INDIA: Without data, Wight s.n. (holotype: W).
Panicum aemulum Panicum aemulum (R. Brown) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 252. 1841.BASIONYM: Orthhopogon aemulus R. Brown 1810. 
Panicum africanum Panicum africanum (Palisot de Beauvois) Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 275. 1816.BASIONYM: Oplismenus africanus Palisot de Beauvois 1810. 
Panicum balfourii Panicum balfourii Baker, Fl. Mauritius 438. 1877, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum acuminatissimum Steudel 1853. 
Panicum barbifultum Panicum barbifultum Hochstetter ex Schlechtendal, Linnaea 31: 307. 1861- 1862. TYPE: INDIA: Mt. Nilafiri, s.d., Hohenacker 1279 (holotype: ?; isotype: HBG).
Panicum brevisetum Panicum brevisetum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 46. 1853.  
Panicum cubense Panicum cubense (Sprengel) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 255. 1841.BASIONYM: Orthopogon cubensis Sprengel 1824. 
Panicum flaccidum Panicum flaccidum (R. Brown) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 256. 1841.BASIONYM: Orthhopogon flaccidus R. Brown 1810. 
Panicum imbecille Panicum imbecille (R. Brown) Trinius, Sp. Gram. 2: t. 191. 1829.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Panicum incanum Panicum incanum Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 60. 1827. TYPE: GHANA:
Panicum loliaceum Panicum loliaceum Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 170. 1791. TYPE: PHILIPPINES: Without data, Commerson s.n. (holotype: P?).
Panicum raddianum Panicum raddianum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 45. 1853.BASIONYM: Oplismenus brasiliensis Raddi 1823. 
Panicum velutinum Panicum velutinum G. Meyer, Prim. Fl. Esseq. 51. 1818. TYPE: SURINAM: Sophienburg, s.d., Meyer s.n. (holotype: LE?).
Setaria ocreata Setaria ocrreata Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 305. 1824.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Broward Co. 13 Jun 2013 P. L. Howell 1231
Trinidad & Tobago Trinidad 28 Nov 1912 A. S. Hitchcock 602
Jamaica Surrey Co. Kingston Par. 07 Oct 1912 A. S. Hitchcock 600
Puerto Rico Cayey Mun. 18 Nov 1981 B. F. Hansen 9088
Dominica St. Paul Par. 26 Jul 1992 S. R. Hill 23942
St. Vincent & the Grenadines St. Vincent St. Patrick Par. 18 Jan 1962 G. R. Cooley 8187
Trinidad & Tobago Trinidad 27 Nov 1912 A. S. Hitchcock 601
Honduras Olancho Dept. 12 Mar 1972 C. H. Nelson 365
Panama Canal Zone Prov. 15 Dec 1911 A. S. Hitchcock 424
Mexico Morelos 10 Sep 1910 A. S. Hitchcock 423
Ecuador Pichincha Prov. 29 Jul 1980 B. F. Hansen 7886
USA Florida Broward Co. 03 Mar 2018 C. L. Angelo 2
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