Gaillardia pulchella

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
Common Name:FIREWHEEL
Plant Notes:In the USA, Gaillardia pulchella is found predominantly from Lousiana west to Arizona and Kansas south to Texas. It is widely cultivated in Florida. Given its scattered distribution in the eastern USA and its propensity for disturbed sites, it may be only sparingly native to a few areas in Florida or could be an early introduction to Florida. Turner & Whalen (1975) noted the species was cultivated early on soon after its discovery. The species was reported from Bartram's Garden, likely cultivated in the 1820s-1830s when it was managed as a commercial nursery (Schneider & Potvin 2009). Croom (1834) reported Gaillardia bicolor as abundant near Fayetteville, NC. Chapman (1860) only made mention of G. aestivalis (as G. lanceolata). Some of the earliest collections in Florida include those of Curtiss (e.g. Curtiss 5168, 6 Aug 1894, dry pine barrens near Jacksonville [US]). Small (1903:1294) first gave its distribution as Kansans to Louisiana and Arizona. Rydberg (1915) reported G. picta on sea beaches for South Carolina and Florida. Later, Small (1933:1462) used the names G. drummondii and G. picta and included Florida in their distribution. A DNA phylogeny found G. pulchella closely related to other species of the southwestern USA (Marlowe & Hufford 2007).
Status:Native, UPL (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order ASTERALES
FamilyASTERACEAE
Genus Gaillardia
Species Gaillardia pulchella Foug. - FIREWHEEL

Citation

Citation GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA Fougeroux de Bondaroy, Mem. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 1786: 5. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: LOUISIANA: Cult. in France, 1783, Herb. Jussieu 9464 (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by B. L. Turner & T. Watson, Phytologia Mem. 13: 27. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Bay FSU  
Brevard USF  
Calhoun USF  
Duval USF  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU  
Hernando USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Jefferson FSU  
Lafayette FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade FLAS  
Monroe Keys USF  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa USF  
Palm Beach FTG  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk FLAS  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Gaillardia bicolor Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck, Encycl. 2: 590. 1788, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy 1788. 
Gaillardia bicolor var. drummondii Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck, var. drummondii Hooker, Bot. Mag. 61: t. 3368. 1834.  
Gaillardia bicolor var. vulgaris Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck, var. vulgaris Hooker, Bot. Mag. sub t. 3368. 1834, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck 1788, nom. illegit.; Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy 1788. 
Gaillardia drummondii Gaillardia drummondii (Hooker) de Candolle, Prodr. 5: 652. 1836.BASIONYM: Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck, var. drummondii Hooker 1834. 
Gaillardia picta Gaillardia picta D. Don, in Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard., ser. 2. 3: t. 267. 1834.  
Gaillardia pulchella forma picta Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, forma picta (D. Don) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 497. 1894.BASIONYM: Gaillardia picta D. Don 1834. 
Gaillardia pulchella var. drummondii Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. drummondii (Hooker) B. L. Turner, in B. L. Turner et al., Sida, Bot. Misc. 24: 6. 2003.BASIONYM: Gaillardia bicolora Lamarck, var. drummondii Hooker 1834. 
Gaillardia pulchella var. picta Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. picta (D. Don) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 352. 1884.BASIONYM: Gaillardia picta D. Don 1834. 
Gaillardia bicolor forma integgerima Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck, forma integgerima Hooker, Bot. Mag. 64: t. 3551. 1837.  
Gaillardia lobata Gaillardia lobata Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 459. 1862.  
Gaillardia neomexicana Gaillardia neomexicana A. Nelson, Univ. Wyoming Publ. Sci., Bot. 1: 135. 1926. TYPE: NEW MEXICO: Sandoval Co.: Rito de los Frijoles, Aug 1910, Robbins 8103 (holotype: ?).
Gaillardia picta var. tricolor Gaillardia picta D. Don, var. tricolor Planchon, Fl. Serress 6: 337. 1851.  
Gaillardia pulchella forma lorenziana Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, forma lorenziana Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 497. 1894.  
Gaillardia pulchella var. albiflora Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. albiflora Cockerell, Gard. Chron., ser. 3. 55: 67. 1914. TYPE: MEXICO:
Gaillardia pulchella var. australis Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. australis B. L. Turner & M. Whalen, Wrightia 5: 192. 1975. TYPE: TEXAS: Dimmitt Co.: Ca. 12 mi. NW of Carrizo Springs, 4 Apr 1959, Correll 20740 (holotype: TEX).
Gaillardia pulchella var. simplex Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. simplex Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 497. 1894.  
Gaillardia pulchella var. tubulosa Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. tubulosa Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 497. 1894.  
Gaillardia scabrosa Gaillardia scabrosa Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 459. 1862. TYPE: TEXAS:
Gaillardia villosa Gaillardia villosa Rydberg, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 34: 135. 1915. TYPE: TEXAS: Bexar Co.: Without locality, 1904, Jermy 40 (holotype: US).
Virgilia helioides Virgilia helioides L'Héritier de Brutelle, Virgilia 1788.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Pasco Co. 01 Jul 2003 E. M. Ferguson 181
USA Florida Monroe Co. 07 Aug 1966 R. W. Long 2159
USA Florida Volusia Co. 03 Aug 1962 J. D. Ray, Jr. 11152A
USA Florida Flagler Co. 19 Oct 1984 P. J. Bottone 330
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 03 Nov 1984 G. Compton 334
USA Florida Flagler Co. 12 Jun 1978 D. Tabb s.n.
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 14 Sep 1977 J. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Lake Co. 26 May 1981 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 05 Feb 2001 J. E. Tear 2051
USA Florida Monroe Co. 22 Jul 1982 J. F. Pruski 2827
USA Florida Leon Co. 04 Jun 1980 L. C. Anderson 5038
USA Florida Lee Co. 09 Oct 1998 S. W. Braem GI055
USA Florida Brevard Co. 29 Jun 2001 S. Myers 140
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 28 Sep 1983 B. F. Hansen 9834
USA Florida Alachua Co. 24 May 1958 R. Kral 6572
USA Florida Monroe Co. 25 Jun 1968 O. K. Lakela 31862
USA Florida Hernando Co. 13 May 1971 P. Genelle 776
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 14 Sep 1977 J. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 06 Aug 1966 R. W. Long 2021
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 24 Nov 1980 G. Wilhelm 8008
USA Florida Alachua Co. 22 Apr 1990 K. Holland s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 26 Apr 1973 A.G. Shuey MO128
USA Florida Monroe Co. 13 Nov 1964 O. K. Lakela 27968
USA Florida Leon Co. 17 Sep 1977 J. B. Nelson 928
USA Florida Indian River Co. 26 Nov 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6529
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 24 Nov 1980 G. Wilhelm 8006
USA Florida Pasco Co. 20 May 2003 E. M. Ferguson 90
USA Florida Pasco Co. 08 Aug 2004 C. vanHoek WB0473
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 27 Sep 2003 S. Myers 493
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Aug 2008 C. vanHoek HR0602
USA Florida Walton Co. 24 Jun 1981 G. Wilhelm 9198
USA Florida Brevard Co. 13 Oct 1973 R. W. Long 4005
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 17 May 1979 S. DuBois 79-5-14
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 May 1974 M. Edmiston 13
USA Florida Monroe Co. 28 Nov 1969 R. W. Long 3006
USA Florida Indian River Co. 11 Nov 1972 W. Webb s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 May 1974 O. K. Lakela s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 May 1974 O. K. Lakela s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 18 Aug 1985 S. A. Thompson 2718
USA Florida Pasco Co. 15 Mar 1970 G. Fleming 126
USA Florida Pasco Co. 15 Mar 1970 G. Fleming 127
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Apr 1968 L. Pardue s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 26 Apr 1981 J. Popenoe 1982
USA Florida Volusia Co. 09 Oct 1966 R. W. Long 2252
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Apr 1968 L. Pardue s.n.
USA Florida Volusia Co. 03 Nov 1962 O. K. Lakela 25520
USA Florida Lee Co. 06 Jun 1986 E. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Martin Co. Jun 1988 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 29 Sep 2011 W. D. Longbottom 16401
USA Florida Nassau Co. 13 Jul 2012 S. Myers 613
USA Florida Seminole Co. 22 Mar 2012 D. H. Williams 3016
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 17 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 16897
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 10 Jul 2013 T. MacClendon 1278
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 01 Mar 2013 W. D. Longbottom 18616
USA Florida Manatee Co. 20 Apr 1977 R. W. Ladley s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 15 Jan 1979 D. Cox s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 28 Mar 1975 M. R. Blake s.n. From Eckerd College Herbarium.
USA Florida Duval Co. 30 May 1975 M. R. Blake s.n. From Eckerd College Herbarium.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Oct 1960 D. E. Anderson 1359 From Eckerd College Herbarium.
USA Florida Lee Co. 15 Jan 2014 L. Moriarty LK0140
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 04 Aug 2014 C. vanHoek LR1193
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Jul 1970 D. Burch 3984 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 31 Jul 1970 D. Burch 3985 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Marion Co. 14 May 2007 J. Hubbard 756 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 22 Jun 2012 D. Hilbert 65 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 07 May 1964 A. Grant 77 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 19 Mar 1964 F. Rich s.n.
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 24 Dec 2015 S. Myers 1797
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: