Opuntia stricta

Family:CACTACEAE
Species:Opuntia stricta (Haw.)Haw.
Common Name:ERECT PRICKLYPEAR; SHELL-MOUND PRICKLYPEAR
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native, Threatened-State, UPL (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCACTACEAE
Genus Opuntia
Species Opuntia stricta (Haw.)Haw. - ERECT PRICKLYPEAR; SHELL-MOUND PRICKLYPEAR

Citation

Citation OPUNTIA STRICTA (Haworth) Haworth, Syn. Pl. Succ. 191. 1812.
Basionym: Cactus strictus Haworth 1803.
Type: Without data (lectotype: de Candolle, Pl. Hist. Succ. pl. 138. 1804). Lectotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 931. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Duval FLAS  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin FLAS  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Lee USF  
Levy USF  
Manatee Lit Lit: L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 499. 1982.
Miami-Dade Lit Lit: L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 499. 1982.
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Nassau Lit Lit: L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 499. 1982.
Okeechobee FLAS  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Sarasota USF  
St. Johns Lit Lit: L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 499. 1982.
St. Lucie USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cactus dillenii Cactus dillenii Ker Gawler, Bot. Reg. 3: pl. 255. 1818. TYPE: Cult. in England, without data (lectotype: Ker Gawler, Bot. Reg. 3: pl. 255. 1818). Lectotypified by L. D. Benson, Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 126. 1969.
Cactus opuntia var. inermis Cactus opuntia Linnaeus, var. inermis de Candolle, Pl. Hist. Succ. pl. 138. 1804.  
Cactus strictus Cactus strictus Haworth, Misc. Nat. 188. 1803. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: de Candolle, Pl. Hist. Succ. pl. 138. 1804). Lectotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 931. 1982.
Opuntia atrocapensis Opuntia atrocapensis Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 905, 1506. 1933. TYPE: FLORIDA: Monroe Co.: Middle Cape Sable, 28 Nov 1916, Small s.n. (neotype: US). Neotypified by Majure, Phytoneuron 2014(106): 1. 2014.
Opuntia bartramii Opuntia bartramii Rafinesque, Atl. J. 146. 1832. TYPE: FLORIDA: Volusia Co.: New Smyrna region,
Opuntia bentonii Opuntia bentonii Griffiths, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 25, pl. 1- 2. 1912. TYPE: FLORIDA: Baker Co.: McClenny, Cult. at Washington D.C., 24 Apr 1910, Griffiths 8374 (holotype: US; isotypes: POM, US).
Opuntia dillenii Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawler) Haworth, Suppl. Pl. Succ. 79. 1819.BASIONYM: Cactus dillenii Ker Gawler 1818. 
Opuntia inermis Opuntia inermis (de Candolle) de Candolle, Prodr. 3: 473. 1828.BASIONYM: Cactus opuntia Linnaeus, var. inermis de Candolle 1804. 
Opuntia keyensis Opuntia keyensis Britton ex Small, J. New York Bot. Gard. 20: 31, pl. 225. 1919. TYPE: FLORIDA: Monroe Co.: Boot Key, 7-12 Apr 1909, Britton 537 (holotype: NY; isotype: US).
Opuntia magnifica Opuntia magnifica Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 910, 1506. 1933. TYPE: FLORIDA: Nassau Co.: Southern part of Amelia Island, 21 Aug 1922, Small et al. s.n. (holotype: NY: isotype: US).
Opuntia maritima Opuntia maritima Rafinesque, Atl. J. 146. 1832. TYPE: "Florida to Carolina",
Opuntia nitens Opuntia nitens Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 906, 1506. 1933. TYPE: FLORIDA: Volusia Co.: Green Mound, 5 mi. S of Daytona, 23 Aug 1922, Small et al. s.n. (holotype: NY; isotype: US).
Opuntia spinalba Opuntia spinalba Rafinesque, Atl. J. 147. 1832. TYPE: FLORIDA: Monroe Co.:
Opuntia stricta var. dillenii Opuntia stricta (Haworth) Haworth, var. dillenii (Ker Gawler) L. D. Benson, Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 126. 1969.BASIONYM: Cactus dillenii Ker Gawler 1818. 
Opuntia tenuiflora Opuntia tenuiflora Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 908, 1506. 1933. TYPE: FLORIDA: Monroe Co.: Lignum Vitae Key, 30 Mar 1916, Small s.n. (holotype: NY).
Opuntia zebrina Opuntia zebrina Small, J. New York Bot. Gard. 20: 35, pl. 226. 1919. TYPE: FLORIDA: Monroe Co.: East Cape Sable, 28 Nov 1916, Small s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 932. 1982.
Cactus humilis Cactus humilis Haworth, Misc. Nat. 187. 1803.  
Opuntia airampo Opuntia airampo Philippi, Anales Univ. Chile 85: 492. 1894. TYPE: CHILE:
Opuntia anahuacensis Opuntia anahuacensis Griffiths, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 92. 1916. TYPE: TEXAS: Chambers Co.: Near Anahuac at the mouth of the Trinity River, s.d., Griffiths 9217 (holotype: US; isotype: POM).
Opuntia cyanella Opuntia cyanella Griffiths, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 30, pl. 9- 10. 1912. TYPE: TEXAS:
Opuntia gilvoalba Opuntia gilvoalba Griffiths, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 35, pl. 9, 16-17. 1912. TYPE: TEXAS: "La Tule", cult. at San Antonio, 4 May 1910, Griffiths 9046 (holotype: US; isotype: POM).
Opuntia gomei Opuntia gomei Griffiths, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 167, pl. 21, 22(lower). 1910. TYPE: TEXAS:
Opuntia horrida Opuntia horrida Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck ex de Candolle, Prodr. 3: 472. 1828, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Cactus humilis Haworth 1803. 
Opuntia humilis Opuntia humilis (Haworth) Haworth, Syn. Pl. Succ. 189. 1812.BASIONYM: Cactus humilis Haworth 1803. 
Opuntia laxiflora Opuntia laxiflora Griffiths, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 85. 1916. TYPE: TEXAS: Cameron Co.: Loma Alta near Brownsville, 18 Aug 1912, Griffiths 9915 (holotype: US; isotypes: POM, US).
Opuntia longiclada Opuntia longiclada Griffiths, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 525, pl. 30. 1916. TYPE: Cult. in California,
Opuntia macrarthra Opuntia macrarthra Gibbes, Proc. Elliott Soc. Nat. Hist. Charleston 1: 273. 1859. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Within a few miles of Charleston, 1 Sep 1857, Gibbes s.n. (holotype: CHARL(lost)). NEOTYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Isle of Palms, near Charleston, 14 Feb 1916, Small s.n. (neotype: US; isoneotypes: NY, US). Neotypified by Majure, Phytoneuron 2014(106): 2. 2014.
Opuntia parva Opuntia parva A. Berger, Hort. Mortol. 411. 1912.  
Opuntia tunoidea Opuntia tunoidea Gibbes, Proc. Elliott Soc. Nat. Hist. Charleston 1: 272. 1859. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Rockville, 6 Feb 1919, Small s.n. (neotype: NY). Neotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 932. 1982.