Nephrolepis biserrata

Family:NEPHROLEPIDACEAE
Species:Nephrolepis biserrata (Sw.)Schott
Common Name:GIANT SWORD FERN
Status:Native, Threatened-State, FAC (DEP), FACW- (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POLYPODIALES
FamilyNEPHROLEPIDACEAE
Genus Nephrolepis
Species Nephrolepis biserrata (Sw.)Schott - GIANT SWORD FERN

Citation

Citation NEPHROLEPIS BISERRATA (Swartz) Schott, Gen. Fil. ad t. 3. 1834.
Basionym: Aspidium biserratum Swartz 1801.
Type: MAURITIUS: Without data, Gröndahl s.n. (holotype: S).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Broward USF  
Collier USF  
Highlands FLAS  
Lee USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Palm Beach FAU FAU specimens now housed at FTG

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aspidium acutum Aspidium acutum Schkuhr, 24. Kl. Linn. Pfl. Syst. 32, pl. 31. 1804-1809. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: Schkuhr, 24 Kl. Linn. Pfl. Syst. t. 31. 1804-1809). Lectotypified by Hovenkamp & Miyamoto, Blumea 50: 291. 2005.
Aspidium biserratum Aspidium biserratum Swartz, J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800(2): 32. 1801. TYPE: MAURITIUS: Without data, Gröndahl s.n. (holotype: S).
Hypopeltis biserrata Hypopeltis biserrata (Swartz) Bory, in Belanger, Voy. Indes Or. 2: 65. 1833.BASIONYM: Aspidium biserratum Swartz 1801. 
Hypopeltis palmoides Hypopeltis palmoides Bory, in Belanger, Voy. Indes Or. 2: 50. 1833, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Aspidium acutum Schkuhr 1804-1809. 
Lepidonevron biserratum Lepidonevron biserratum (Swartz) Fée, Mém. Foug. 5: 301. 1852.BASIONYM: Aspidium biserratum Swartz 1801. 
Nephrodium acutum Nephrodium acutum (Schkuhr) C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 31. 1825.BASIONYM: Aspidium acutum Schkuhr 1804-1809. 
Nephrodium biserratum Nephrodium biserratum (Swartz) C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 31. 1825.BASIONYM: Aspidium biserratum Swartz 1801. 
Nephrolepis acuta Nephrolepis acuta (Schkuhr) C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 79. 1836.BASIONYM: Aspidium acutum Schkuhr 1804-1809. 
Nephrolepis exaltata var. biserrata Nephrolepis exaltata (Linnaeus) Schott, var. biserrata (Swartz) Baker, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 1(2): 493. 1870.BASIONYM: Aspidium biserratum Swartz 1801. 
Nephrolepis hirsutula var. acuta Nephrolepis hirsutula (G. Forster) C. Presl, var. acuta (Schkuhr) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 816. 1891.BASIONYM: Aspidium acutum Schkuhr 1804-1809. 
Nephrolepis hirsutula var. biserrata Nephrolepis hirsutula (G. Forster) C. Presl, var. biserrata (Swartz) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 816. 1891.BASIONYM: Aspidium biserratum Swartz 1801. 
Aspidium acuminatum Aspidium acuminatum Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 5(1): 221. 1810. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Flügge s.n. (holotype: B-W).
Aspidium bidentatum Aspidium bidentatum (C. Presl) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 4: 99. 1827.BASIONYM: Nephrodium bidentatum C. Presl 1825. 
Aspidium ensifolium Aspidium ensifolium Schkuhr, Deutschl. Krypt. Gew. 1: 32, t. 32. 1806. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: Schkuhr, Deutschl. Krypt. Gew. 1: t. 32. 1806). Lectotypified by Hovenkamp & Miyamoto, Blumea 50: 291. 2005.
Aspidium exaltatum var. longipinnum Aspidium exaltatum (Linnaeus) Swartz, var. longipinnum Bentham, Fl. Austral. 7: 754. 1878. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: Queensland:
Aspidium guineense Aspidium guineense Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 455. 1827.  
Aspidium paludosum Aspidium paludosum Raddi, Pl. Bras. 29, t. 44. 1825. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Raddi s.n. (holotype: K).
Aspidium paraense Aspidium paraense Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 5: 228. 1810. TYPE: BRAZIL: Pará: Without data, Hoffmannsegg s.n. (holotype: B-W).
Aspidium punctulatum Aspidium punctulatum (Poiret) Swartz, Syn. Fil. 46. 1806.BASIONYM: Polypodium punctulatum Poiret 1804. 
Aspidium rufescens Aspidium rufescens (Schrader) Kunze, Flora 22(1, Beibl.): 34. 1839, non Blume 1828.BASIONYM: Nephrodium rufescens Schrader 1824. 
Aspidium splendens Aspidium splendens Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 5(1): 220. 1810. TYPE: SRI LANKA: Without data, Klein s.n. (lectotype: B-W). Lectotypified by Hovenkamp & Miyamoto, Blumea 50: 291. 2005.
Hypopeltis amygdalina Hypopeltis amygdalina Bory, Voy. Uranie 64. 1833. TYPE: INDONESIA: Java: Without data, Bélanger s.n. (holotype: P).
Lepidonevron acuminatum Lepidonevron acuminatum (Willdenow) Fée, Mém. Fam. Foug. 5: 301. 1852.BASIONYM: Aspidium acuminatum Willdenow 1810. 
Lepidonevron bidentatum Lepidonevron bidentatum (C. Presl) Fée, Mém. Foug. 5: 301. 1852.BASIONYM: Nephrodium bidentatum C. Presl 1825. 
Lepidonevron punctulatum Lepidonevron punctulatum (Poiret) Fée, Mém. Foug. 5: 301. 1852.BASIONYM: Aspidium punctulatum Poiret 1804. 
Lepidonevron rufescens Lepidonevron rufescens (Schrader) Fée, Mém. Foug. 5: 301. 1852.BASIONYM: Aspidium rufescens Schrader 1824. 
Nephrodium acuminatum Nephrodium acuminatum (Willdenow) C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 31. 1825.BASIONYM: Aspidium acuminatum Willdenow 1810. 
Nephrodium bidentatum Nephrodium bidentatum C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 32. 1825. TYPE: MARIANAS ISLANDS: Without data, Haenke s.n. (holotype: PRC).
Nephrodium punctulatum Nephrodium punctulatum (Poiret) Desvaux, Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 253. 1827.BASIONYM: Aspidium punctulatum Poiret 1804. 
Nephrodium rufescens Nephrodium rufescens Schrader, Gött. Gel. Anz. 1824: 869. 1824.  
Nephrodium splendens Nephrodium splendens (Willdenow) Desvaux, Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 253. 1827.BASIONYM: Aspidium splendens Willdenow 1810. 
Nephrodium timoriense Nephrodium timoriense Desvaux, Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 253. 1827. TYPE: INDONESIA: Timor: Without data, collector lacking (holotype: P).
Nephrolepis acuminata Nephrolepis acuminata (Willdenow) C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 79. 1836.BASIONYM: Aspidium acuminatum Willdenow 1810. 
Nephrolepis acuta var. laurifolia Nephrolepis acuta (Schkuhr) C. Presl, var. laurifolia H. Christ, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23: 355. 1897. TYPE: SAMOA: Savii, Safout, s.d., Reinecke 1-d (lectotype: B; isolectotype: L). Lectotypified by Proctor, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 53: 262. 1989.
Nephrolepis auriculata Nephrolepis auriculata (Linnaeus) Trimen, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 152. 1888.BASIONYM: Polypodium auriculatum Linnaeus 1753, nom. rej. 
Nephrolepis biaurita Nephrolepis biaurita C. Presl, Epimel. Bot. 43. 1851. TYPE: MAURITIUS: Without data, Hilsenberg s.n. [Herb. Sieber 297] (holotype: ?; isotypes: BM, G, K).
Nephrolepis biserrata subsp. punctulata Nephrolepis biserrata (Swartz) Schott, subsp. punctulata (Poiret) Bonaparte, Notes Ptérid. 1: 165. 1915.BASIONYM: Aspidium punctulatum Poiret 1804. 
Nephrolepis caudata Nephrolepis caudata H. Christ, Ann. Mus. Congo, Ser. 1, Bot., ser. 5. 3: 27. 1909. TYPE: ZAIRE: Without data, Pynaert s.n. (holotype: BR).
Nephrolepis dayakorum Nephrolepis dayakorum Bonaparte, Notes Pterid. 7: 399. 1918. TYPE: BORNEO:
Nephrolepis ensifolia Nephrolepis ensifolia (Schkuhr) C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 79. 1836.BASIONYM: Aspidium ensifolium Schkuhr 1806. 
Nephrolepis laurifolia Nephrolepis laurifolia (H. Christ) Proctor, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 53: 262. 1989.BASIONYM: Nephrolepis acuta (Schkuhr) C. Presl, var. laurifolia H. Christ 1897. 
Nephrolepis macrophylla Nephrolepis macrophylla C. Presl, Epimel. Bot. 43. 1851. TYPE: PHILIPPINES: Without data, Cuming 22 (holotype: PRC; isotype: BM).
Nephrolepis mollis Nephrolepis mollis Rosenstock, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 22: 13. 1925. TYPE: COSTA RICA: Without data, Brade 141 (holotype: S?; isotypes: NY, UC).
Nephrolepis paraensis Nephrolepis paraensis (Willdenow) C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 79. 1836.BASIONYM: Aspidium paraense Willdenow 1810. 
Nephrolepis pilosula Nephrolepis pilosula Alderwerelt van Rosenburgh, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 2. 11: 18. 1913.  
Nephrolepis platyotis Nephrolepis platyotis Kunze, Linnaea 23: 268, 312. 1850. TYPE: INDONESIA: Java: Cult. in Germany, 1847,
Nephrolepis punctulata Nephrolepis punctulata (Poiret) C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 79. 1836.BASIONYM: Polypodium punctulatum Poiret 1804. 
Nephrolepis punctulata var. hirsuta Nephrolepis punctulata (Poiret) C. Presl, var. hirsuta Mettenius ex Kuhn, Filic. Afr. 156. 1868.BASIONYM: Aspidium guineense Schumacher 1829. 
Nephrolepis rufescens Nephrolepis rufescens (Schrader) C. Presl ex Wawra, Bot. Ergebn. 200. 1866.BASIONYM: Aspidium rufescens Schrader 1824. 
Nephrolepis splendens Nephrolepis splendens (Willdenow) C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 79. 1836.BASIONYM: Aspidium splendens Willdenow 1810. 
Nephrolepis subcordata Nephrolepis subcordata C. Presl, Epimel. Bot. 43. 1851 ("1849"). TYPE: MARTINIQUE:
Nephrolepis zollingeriana Nephrolepis zollingeriana de Vriese, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 1: 10. 1846. TYPE: Without data, Zollinger s.n. (holotype: L).
Polypodium auriculatum Polypodium auriculatum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1088. 1753, nom. rej. TYPE: SRI LANKA: Without data, Herb. Hermann 1:39, no. 383 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Trimen, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 152. 1888.
Polypodium flagelliferum Polypodium flagelliferum Roxburgh, in Griffiths, Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 487, t. 31. 1844.  
Polypodium nephrolepioides Polypodium nephrolepioides H. Christ, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genéve 1: 220. 1909. TYPE: COSTA RICA: Barmouth Farm, 12 Jun 1908, Brade s.n. (holotype: ?).
Polypodium palmoides Polypodium palmoides Bory, Voy. Uranie 50. 1833. TYPE: INDONESIA: Java: Without data, Bélanger s.n. (holotype: P).
Polypodium punctulatum Polypodium punctulatum Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl. 5: 533. 1804. TYPE: MARTINIQUE:
Pteris signata Pteris signata Blanco, Fl. Filip. 830. 1837. TYPE: PHILIPPINES:
Tectaria fraxinea Tectaria fraxinea Cavanilles, Descr. Pl. 250. 1802. TYPE: PERU: Obragillo, s.d., Née s.n. (holotype: MA).

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Collier Co. 04 Dec 1964 O. K. Lakela 27996
USA Florida Broward Co. Feb 1977 C. E. Nauman 106
USA Florida Broward Co. Feb 1977 C. E. Nauman 105
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 31 May 1978 G. N. Avery 1918
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 Jun 1966 R. W. Long 1941
USA Florida Collier Co. 10 Feb 1969 O. K. Lakela 31825
USA Florida Monroe Co. 21 Dec 1966 O. K. Lakela 30526
USA Florida Broward Co. Apr 1976 C. E. Nauman 54
USA Florida Broward Co. Apr 1976 C. E. Nauman 59
USA Florida Martin Co. 23 Dec 1987 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 23 Dec 2003 M. Owen FS0407
Jamaica Middlesex Co. Manchester Par. 1847 J. Wolle s.n.
Puerto Rico Comerío Mun. 25 Nov 1981 B. F. Hansen 9395
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 May 1964 D. W. Buden 54
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