Psychotria nervosa

Family:RUBIACEAE
Species:Psychotria nervosa Sw.
Common Name:WILD COFFEE
Plant Notes:This species has no known usage as a coffee substitute (Pinkley 1969; Austin 2004), and its common name is more likely a reference to some morphological similarity to coffee, which is in the same plant family. Neither caffeine nor DMT are known from this species.
Status:Native, FAC (DEP)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order GENTIANALES
FamilyRUBIACEAE
Genus Psychotria
Species Psychotria nervosa Sw. - WILD COFFEE

Citation

Citation PSYCHOTRIA NERVOSA Swartz, Prodr. 43. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: JAMAICA: Without data, Swartz s.n. (holotype: S).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Duval USF  
Flagler USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Levy FLAS  
Manatee USF  
Marion FLAS  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Volusia USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Myrstiphyllum undatum Myrstiphyllum undatum (Jacquin) Hitchcock, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 4: 95. 1893.BASIONYM: Psychotria undata Jacquin 1798. 
Psychotria lanceolata Psychotria lanceolata Nuttall, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 5: 290. 1822. TYPE: FLORIDA: Without data, Ware s.n. (holotype: PH).
Psychotria nervosa var. lanceolata Psychotria nervosa Swartz, var. lanceolata (Nuttall) Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 185. 1911.BASIONYM: Psychotria lanceolata Nuttall 1822. 
Psychotria undata Psychotria undata Jacquin, Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 3: 5, pl. 260. 1798. TYPE: BAHAMAS: Without data (lectotype: Jacquin, Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 3: pl. 260. 1798). Lectotypified by R. A. Howard, Fl. Less. Antill., Dicot. 3: 448. 1989.
Psychotria undata var. glabra Psychotria undata Jacquin, var. glabra Urban, Symb. Antill. 4: 498. 1911, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Psychotria undata Jacquin 1798. 
Uragoga undata Uragoga undata (Jacquin) Baillon, Hist. Pl. 7: 371. 1880.BASIONYM: Psychotria undata Jacquin 1798. 
Bertiera ferruginea Bertiera ferruginea Willdenow ex Schultes, in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 5: 227. 1819.  
Psychotria chimarrhoides Psychotria chimarrhoides de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 514. 1830. TYPE: CUBA: Without data, Sagra s.n. (holotype: G-DC).
Psychotria elongata Psychotria elongata Bentham ex Oersted, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjoebenhavn 1853: 32. 1853. TYPE: NICARAGUA: Granada: Volcan Mombacho, Jun 1846, Oersted 11594 (holotype: C; isotype: F fragm).
Psychotria hirta Psychotria hirta Humboldt & Bonpland ex Schultes, in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 5: 191. 1819, non Kunth 1819. TYPE: COLOMBIA: Quindio: Without data, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. (holotype: B-W).
Psychotria nervosa subsp. rufescens Psychotria nervosa Swartz, subsp. rufescens (Kunth) Steyermark, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 23: 480. 1972.BASIONYM: Psychotria rufescens Kunth 1819. 
Psychotria nervosa var. hirta Psychotria nervosa Swartz, var. hirta (de Candolle) Steyermark, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 23: 481. 1972.BASIONYM: Psychotria rufescens Kunth, var. hirta de Candolle 1830; Psychotria hirta Humboldt & Bonpland ex Schultes 1819, non Kunth 1819. 
Psychotria oligotricha Psychotria oligotricha de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 514. 1830. TYPE: Without data, 1822, Balbis s.n. (holotype: G-DC).
Psychotria portoricensis Psychotria portoricensis de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 515. 1830. TYPE: PUERTO RICO: Without locality, 1820, Bertero s.n. (holotype: G-DC).
Psychotria quiinifolia Psychotria quiinifolia Dwyer, in Woodson, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 108. 1966. TYPE: PANAMA: Bocas del Toro: Almirante, Changuinola Canal, s.d., Blum 1402 (holotype: MO).
Psychotria rufescens Psychotria rufescens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Schultes, in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 5: 192. 1819, non Kunth 1819.  
Psychotria rufescens Psychotria rufescens Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 364. 1819. TYPE: VENEZUELA: Caripe, s.d., Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Steyermark, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 23: 480. 1972.
Psychotria rufescens var. ferruginea Psychotria rufescens Kunth, var. ferruginea (Willdenow ex Schultes) de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 512. 1830.BASIONYM: Bertiera ferruginea Willdenow ex Schultes 1819. 
Psychotria rufescens var. haenkeana Psychotria rufescens Kunth, var. haenkeana de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 512. 1830.  
Psychotria rufescens var. hirta Psychotria rufescens Kunth, var. hirta de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 512. 1830.BASIONYM: Psychotria hirta Humboldt & Bonpland ex Schultes 1819, non Kunth 1819. 
Psychotria undata forma pubescens Psychotria undata Jacquin, forma pubescens Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 477. 1913.BASIONYM: Psychotria rufescens Kunth 1819. 
Psychotria undata var. chimarrhoides Psychotria undata Jacquin, var. chimarrhoides (de Candolle) Stehle & Quentin, in Stehle et al., Fl. Guadeloupe 2: 4. 1938.BASIONYM: Psychotria chimarrhoides de Candolle 1830. 
Psychotria undata var. poitaei Psychotria undata Jacquin, var. poitaei Urban, Symb. Antill. 8: 678. 1921. TYPE: HAITI:
Uragoga elongata Uragoga elongata (Bentham ex Oersted) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 960. 1891.BASIONYM: Psychotria elongata Bentham ex Oersted 1853. 
Uragoga hirta Uragoga hirta (de Candolle) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 960. 1891.BASIONYM: Psychotria rufescens Kunth, var. hirta de Candolle 1830; Psychotria hirta Humboldt & Bonpland ex Schultes 1819, non Kunth 1819. 
Uragoga oligotricha Uragoga oligotricha (de Candolle) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 961. 1891.BASIONYM: Psychotria oligotricha de Candolle 1830. 
Uragoga rufescens Uragoga rufescens (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 962. 1891.BASIONYM: Psychotria rufescens Kunth 1819. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Lake Co. 15 Nov 1992 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 05 Dec 2008 E. Gandy GP0004
USA Florida Lake Co. 14 May 1979 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 16 May 1975 S. T. Cooper 530
USA Florida Martin Co. 08 Jun 1998 K. A. Bradley 1018
USA Florida Brevard Co. 24 May 1973 A.G. Shuey s.n.
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 22 Oct 1998 S. L. Orzell 25365
USA Florida Orange Co. 01 Nov 1974 R. P. Wunderlin 5337
USA Florida Monroe Co. 17 Dec 1974 J. E. Poppleton s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 26 Apr 1966 O. K. Lakela 29743
USA Florida Polk Co. 12 Dec 1996 C. vanHoek 835
USA Florida Broward Co. 27 Jan 2008 N. G. West 104
USA Florida Osceola Co. 30 Dec 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6600
USA Florida Collier Co. 28 Dec 1988 B. F. Hansen 11807
USA Florida Broward Co. 19 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10586
USA Florida Lake Co. 12 May 1979 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Flagler Co. 12 Jun 1978 D. Tabb s.n.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 23 Jul 1978 C. H. Dodson 4762
USA Florida Citrus Co. 15 Jun 1983 N. L. Mawhinney 201
USA Florida Collier Co. 07 Dec 1974 R. P. Wunderlin 5344
USA Florida Lee Co. 04 Nov 1934 J. B. McFarlin 9777
USA Florida Lake Co. 14 Mar 1979 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Seminole Co. 12 Apr 1975 R. P. Wunderlin 5449
USA Florida Manatee Co. 19 Jan 1974 R. W. Long 4114
USA Florida Hernando Co. 27 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6557
USA Florida Brevard Co. 13 Oct 1973 R. W. Long 4062
USA Florida Broward Co. 02 Mar 1963 R. R. Smith 823
USA Florida Monroe Co. 06 Aug 1966 R. W. Long 2110
USA Florida Broward Co. 01 May 1959 W. C. Sturtevant 104
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 17 Apr 1964 O. K. Lakela 27139
USA Florida Brevard Co. 12 Oct 1963 O. K. Lakela 26591
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 07 May 1974 D. R. Jones 10
USA Florida Brevard Co. 22 Jun 1972 R. W. Long 3587
USA Florida Volusia Co. 27 Apr 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10796
USA Florida Collier Co. 26 Apr 1966 R. W. Long 1628a
USA Florida Osceola Co. 11 Jan 1976 A.G. Shuey 1531
USA Florida Hardee Co. 11 Nov 2003 B. F. Hansen 12952
USA Florida Broward Co. 19 Apr 1966 O. K. Lakela 29650 This sheet also numbered as Long 1562.
USA Florida Volusia Co. 12 May 1973 J.M. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 11 Dec 2007 N. G. West 28A
USA Florida Collier Co. 19 Aug 1998 R. Pires FS0066
USA Florida Collier Co. 11 May 1968 O. K. Lakela 31396
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 05 Dec 1978 A. Fulton 405
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 26 Oct 1969 W. L. McCart 11151
USA Florida Monroe Co. 18 Jan 1969 R. W. Long 2804
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 06 Oct 1964 O. K. Lakela 27555
USA Florida Lee Co. 05 Apr 1999 S.W. Braem GI0088
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 27 Apr 1998 P. Fortsch 48
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 23 Jul 1996 B. K. Holst 5578
USA Florida Highlands Co. 28 Nov 1959 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9668
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 29 Sep 2008 A. R. Franck 962
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 09 Apr 2009 M. T. Strong 3874
USA Florida Collier Co. 27 Aug 2002 A. Bishop DW0054
USA Florida Martin Co. 30 Sep 1962 O. K. Lakela 25418
USA Florida Lee Co. 10 Apr 1991 S. R. Herwitz 801
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 Sep 1994 S. Landry s.n.
USA Florida Duval Co. 25 Mar 1993 R. Stalter 1
USA Florida Hernando Co. Jun 1989 D. M. Krofta s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 02 Oct 1986 D. M. Krofta s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 27 Mar 1992 J. Weber CS0134
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 10 Jul 1971 C. P. Sreemadhavan 5075
USA Florida Citrus Co. 11 Aug 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 11024
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Jun 1976 S. Mortellaro 5
USA Florida Pasco Co. 21 Jul 1974 R. P. Wunderlin 5320
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 Jun 1966 K. Whitney 2
USA Florida Manatee Co. 29 Oct 1991 J. Weber WC0031
USA Florida Citrus Co. 04 Dec 1982 N. L. Mawhinney 61
USA Florida Citrus Co. 31 Jan 1983 N. L. Mawhinney 99
USA Florida Manatee Co. 20 Jul 1992 D. Willis MB0035
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 18 Dec 1971 J. E. Poppleton s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 14 May 1973 P. Genelle 1673
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 150
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 92
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 30 Apr 1994 S. Cole HR0005
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Oct 1974 D. P. Cole 18
USA Florida Polk Co. 26 Sep 2008 J. M. Kunzer 2591
USA Florida Brevard Co. 22 Jun 1972 W. Webb 3577
USA Florida Manatee Co. 07 Jun 1998 J. Beckner 2800
USA Florida Volusia Co. 13 Jan 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1300
USA Florida Martin Co. Nov 1987 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Hardee Co. 05 May 2004 A. Bishop PC0094
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 28 Jan 2008 N. G. West 106
USA Florida Broward Co. 26 Jan 2008 N. G. West 100
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 25 Jan 2008 N. G. West 97
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 27 Jan 2008 N. G. West 99
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 27 Jan 2008 N. G. West 91
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 Jan 2008 N. G. West 90
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 27 Jan 2008 N. G. West 108
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 Jan 2008 N. G. West 86
USA Florida Monroe Co. 25 Jun 1966 R. W. Long 1847
USA Florida Hernando Co. 10 Oct 1978 A. N. Arcuri 818
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 18 Jun 1978 C. H. Dodson 4602
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Feb 1979 E. Withers 2216
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6275
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Nov 1976 A. N. Arcuri 78
USA Florida Osceola Co. 25 Jun 1977 R. P. Wunderlin 5853
USA Florida Pasco Co. 02 Apr 1975 T. F. Rochow s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 01 May 1954 G. R. Cooley 2649
USA Florida Monroe Co. 02 May 1958 G. R. Cooley 6178
USA Florida Pasco Co. 06 Jun 2002 C. vanHoek WB207
USA Florida Collier Co. 20 Nov 1973 K. La Duca s.n.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 03 Jun 1963 O. K. Lakela 26037
USA Florida Martin Co. 22 Nov 1969 W. L. McCart 11220
USA Florida Brevard Co. 17 Oct 1964 O. K. Lakela 27660
USA Florida Pasco Co. 01 Sep 2003 E. M. Ferguson 339
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 May 1969 W. T. Gillis 8099
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6174
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6140
USA Florida Indian River Co. 05 Dec 1980 G. Robinson 8
USA Florida Monroe Co. 25 Jan 2008 N. G. West 82
USA Florida Highlands Co. 10 Jan 2008 N. G. West 72
USA Florida Pasco Co. 13 Dec 2007 N. G. West 41
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 12 Dec 2007 N. G. West 35
USA Florida Highlands Co. 09 Jan 2008 N. G. West 74
USA Florida Highlands Co. 10 Jan 2008 N. G. West 71
USA Florida Manatee Co. 11 Dec 2007 N. G. West 28B
USA Florida Indian River Co. 09 Jan 2008 N. G. West 64
USA Florida Martin Co. 09 Jan 2008 N. G. West 59
USA Florida Polk Co. 15 Nov 2007 N. G. West 4
USA Florida Orange Co. 26 Nov 2007 N. G. West 8
USA Florida Orange Co. 26 Nov 2007 N. G. West 7
USA Florida Orange Co. 26 Nov 2007 N. G. West 11
USA Florida Hernando Co. 28 Nov 2007 N. G. West 21
USA Florida Lake Co. 28 Nov 2007 N. G. West 15
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 12 Dec 2007 N. G. West 31
USA Florida Manatee Co. 11 Dec 2007 N. G. West 26
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 10 Mar 2000 S.W. Braem DP0217
USA Florida Volusia Co. 20 May 1981 B. F. Hansen 8240
USA Florida Citrus Co. 20 Oct 1999 R. A. Hattaway FC0046
USA Florida Citrus Co. 06 Nov 1981 B. F. Hansen 8986
USA Florida 1949 B & S 94
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 16 Nov 1979 B. F. Hansen 6792
USA Florida Lee Co. 07 May 1978 S. Morrill 55
USA Florida Lee Co. 16 Mar 1979 B. F. Hansen 5129
USA Florida Lee Co. 15 Jun 1977 W. C. Brumbach 9262
USA Florida Lee Co. 16 Mar 1979 B. F. Hansen 5156
USA Florida Indian River Co. 26 Nov 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6487
USA Florida Indian River Co. 05 Dec 1980 A. Robinson 4
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 26 Sep 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 10161
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 04 Jun 1984 R. F. Thorne 58304
USA Florida Brevard Co. 02 Oct 1976 R. P. Wunderlin 5671
USA Florida Collier Co. 28 Aug 1954 R. F. Thorne 14762
USA Florida Citrus Co. 18 May 1974 R. P. Wunderlin 5280
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 12 Jul 1970 M. Meagher 323
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 18 May 1968 O. K. Lakela 31441
USA Florida Lee Co. 01 May 1954 G. R. Cooley 2649
USA Florida Volusia Co. 09 Oct 1966 R. W. Long 2275
USA Florida Collier Co. 07 Jun 1966 O. K. Lakela 29984
USA Florida Martin and Palm Beach Co's 27-29 Jul 1956 G. R. Cooley 4828
USA Florida Hendry Co. 07 Apr 2013 A. R. Franck 3236
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 30 Jul 2012 D. Hilbert 120
USA Florida Orange Co. 24 Dec 2012 J. Cheak 169
USA Florida Lee Co. 18 Apr 2003 A. Bishop CC0010
USA Florida Hardee Co. 04 Oct 2014 P. J. Simoes 62
USA Florida Indian River Co. 26 Jul 2014 S. Myers 1337
Jamaica Middlesex Co. Clarendon Par. 13 May 2015 P. A. Lewis 994
USA Florida Orange Co. 10 Jun 1929 M. Mulvania s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Jun 1974 D. Burch 6805 CULTIVATED. Plant from Bahamas, gift of Fairchild Garden; their accession 68 411 - ours 70-34-2.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 23 May 1964 A. Grant 97
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 13 Feb 1964 F. Rich s.n.
Cuba Cienfuegos Mun. 11 May 1956 E. A. Turnau 112
Dominican Republic Puerto Plata Prov. 25 Apr 1970 D. Burch 2394
Puerto Rico San Juan Mun. 16 Nov 1981 B. F. Hansen 9016
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Prov. Boca Chica Mun. 31 Oct 1970 A. H. Liogier 17543
Dominican Republic Puerto Plata Prov. Sosúa Mun. 27 Oct 1969 A. H. Liogier 16501
Dominican Republic San Cristobal Prov. 09 Jul 1980 M. Mejía 7240
Bahamas Exuma Black Point Distr. 24 Jun 1995 E. Freid 95-121
Dominican Republic La Romana Prov. 13 Jun 1981 T. A. Zanoni 14845
Bahamas New Providence Island 19 Apr 1971 D. Burch 4210
Bahamas Eleuthera Island North Eleuthera Distr. 22 Dec 1969 W. H. Lewis 7434
Bahamas Little Abaco Island Central Abaco Distr. 27 Jun 1980 R. P. Sauleda 3650
Bahamas Little Abaco Island Central Abaco Distr. 04 Aug 1979 R. P. Sauleda 2855
Bahamas Great Abaco Island Central Abaco Distr. 14 Dec 1979 R. P. Wunderlin 8274
Barbados St. Thomas Par. 19 Feb 1965 G. R. Proctor 25836
Jamaica Surrey Co. St. Andrew Par. 07 Aug 1963 M. R. Crosby 1123
Barbados St. Joseph Par. 10 Mar 1965 G. R. Proctor 26196
Jamaica Middlesex Co. St. Ann Par. 20 Dec 1953 R. A. Howard 13434
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 27 Feb 1964 M. H. Weinfeld 13
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 13 Feb 1964 H. W. Severance 11
USA Florida Lee Co. 24 Jul 1999 J. N. Burch 2282
USA Florida Collier Co. s.d. J. N. Burch 2665
USA Florida Collier Co. 24 Nov 1990 J. N. Burch 474
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