Hamelia patens

Family:RUBIACEAE
Species:Hamelia patens Jacq.
Common Name:FIREBUSH
Plant Notes:Elias & Pooler (2004) considered H. patens var. patens to occur in Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, and South America, characterized as a shrub with long internodes, pubescent leaf blades (6-18 x 3-8 cm) often 2 per node, reddish petioles, 20-30 flowered inflorescences, and pubescent red to red-orange corolla tubes without a basal constriction. Another variety, H. patens var. glabra, that is commonly cultivated (e.g. 'African firebush'), was presumably native to southern Mexico and northern South America, characterized as a shrub with a dense growth habit, glabrous to pubescent and shiny leaf blades (4.5-9 x 1.5-3.6 cm) often 3-4 per node, green petioles, 30-50 flowered inflorescences, and glabrous yellow to yellow-orange corolla tubes with a narrow basal constriction (Elias & Pooler 2004).
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order GENTIANALES
FamilyRUBIACEAE
Genus Hamelia
Species Hamelia patens Jacq. - FIREBUSH

Citation

Citation HAMELIA PATENS Jacquin, Enum. Syst. Pl. 16. 1760.
Basionym: **
Type: Hispaniola, without data, Jacquin s.n. (holotype: P).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Brevard FLAS  
Broward USF  
Collier USF  
Glades USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion GH-Lit Lit-GH: T. S. Elias, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(4): 105. 1976.
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FNPS  
Okeechobee FLAS  
Orange USF  
Pasco FLAS  
Pinellas USF  
Polk FLAS  
Sarasota Lit Lit: Huffman & Judd, Castanea 63: 46. 1998.
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Volusia FLAS  
Wakulla FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Duhamelia patens Duhamelia patens (Jacquin) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 203. 1805.BASIONYM: Hamelia patens Jacquin 1760. 
Hamelia coccinea Hamelia coccinea Swartz, Prodr. 46. 1788, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Hamelia patens Jacquin 1760. 
Hamelia erecta Hamelia erecta Jacquin, Enum. Syst. Pl. 16. 1760.  
Hamelia patens var. erecta Hamelia patens Jacquin, var. erecta (Jacquin) de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 442. 1830.BASIONYM: Hamelia erecta Jacquin 1760. 
Duhamelia sphaerocarpa Duhamelia sphaerocarpa (Ruiz López & Pavón) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 203. 1805.BASIONYM: Hamelia sphaerocarpa Ruiz López & Pavón 1799. 
Hamelia brittoniana Hamelia brittoniana Wernham, J. Bot. 49: 346. 1911. TYPE: COSTA RICA:
Hamelia corymbosa Hamelia corymbosa Sessé y Lacasta & Moçiño, Pl. Nov. Hisp. 37. 1888. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data, Sesse y Lacasta s.n. (holotype: MA?).
Hamelia intermedia Hamelia intermedia Urban & Ekman, Ark. Bot. 24A(4): 46. 1932. TYPE: HAITI: Without data, Ekman 10857 (holotype: S; isotype: A).
Hamelia lanuginosa Hamelia lanuginosa M. Martens & Galeotti, Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 11(1): 233. 1844. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data, Galeotti 2615 (holotype: BR; isotypes: F fragm, P).
Hamelia latifolia Hamelia latifolia Reichenbach ex de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 442. 1830. TYPE: TRINIDAD: Without data, Sieber s.n. (holotype: G-DC?).
Hamelia patens var. axillaroides Hamelia patens Jacquin, var. axillaroides Wernham, J. Bot. 49: 316. 1911.  
Hamelia patens var. quinifolia Hamelia patens Jacquin, var. quinifolia de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 442. 1830. TYPE: MEXICO:
Hamelia sphaerocarpa Hamelia sphaerocarpa Ruiz López & Pavón, Fl. Peruv. 2: 69, t. 222(b). 1799. TYPE: PERU: Without data, Ruiz López & Pavón s.n. (holotype: MA).

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Martin and Palm Beach Co's 28 Jul 1956 G. R. Cooley 4879
USA Florida Collier Co. 02 May 1958 G. R. Cooley 6177
USA Florida Collier Co. 05 Jun 1990 J. Weber CS0064
USA Florida Monroe Co. 09 Nov 1981 W. C. Brumbach 9745
USA Florida Monroe Co. 27 Apr 1978 W. C. Brumbach 9365
USA Florida Collier Co. 28 Dec 1988 B. F. Hansen 11811
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 Oct 1983 R. Lassiter 747
USA Florida Monroe Co. 17 May 1973 J. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Sumter Co. 29 Jun 1992 S. L. Orzell 19799
USA Florida Manatee Co. 07 May 2008 E. Gandy TC0003
USA Florida Indian River Co. 26 Nov 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6482
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 10 Jul 1971 C. P. Sreemadhavan 5068
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 Jun 1966 R. W. Long 1899
USA Florida Collier Co. 20 Aug 1965 O. K. Lakela 29087
USA Florida Broward Co. 16 Jun 2010 P. L. Howell 1151
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 14 Oct 1984 M. Moffler 297
USA Florida May 1928 J. K. Small s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 30 Aug 2000 M. Owen FS0328
USA Florida Monroe Co. 27 Aug 1968 O. K. Lakela 31591
USA Florida Collier Co. 29 Dec 1973 R. W. Long 4083
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 09 Nov 1974 D. P. Cole 22
USA Florida Monroe Co. 27 Nov 1969 R. W. Long 2973
USA Florida Monroe Co. 07 Aug 1966 R. W. Long 2164
USA Florida Collier Co. 05 Jun 1966 R. W. Long 1697
USA Florida Collier Co. 30 Jul 1968 O. K. Lakela 31568
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Jun 1976 S. Mortellaro 17
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 22 Oct 1976 P. Genelle 2543
USA Florida Monroe Co. 13 Oct 1962 G. R. Cooley 9269
USA Florida Monroe Co. 08 Aug 1963 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 25 Jun 1966 R. W. Long 1768
USA Florida Monroe Co. 23 May 1978 W. C. Brumbach 9398
USA Florida Martin Co. 22 Nov 1969 W. L. McCart 11235
USA Florida Manatee Co. 04 Jul 1925 J. B. McFarlin 532
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Oct 1974 D. P. Cole 4
USA Florida Manatee Co. 17 Dec 1973 A.G. Shuey s.n.
USA Florida Sumter Co. 12 Apr 1994 S. L. Orzell 22646
USA Florida Highlands Co. 10 Aug 1931 J. B. McFarlin 6457
USA Florida Collier Co. 10 Aug 1963 O. K. Lakela 26127
USA Florida Collier Co. 05 Dec 1964 O. K. Lakela 28021
USA Florida Broward Co. 29 Mar 2007 P. L. Howell 998
USA Florida Collier Co. 07 Dec 1974 R. P. Wunderlin 5356
USA Florida Collier Co. 15 Aug 1967 O. K. Lakela 31003
USA Florida Collier Co. 01 Sep 1981 D. S. Correll 52292
USA Florida Collier Co. 12-24 Oct 1965 R. W. Long 1488
USA Florida Collier Co. 20 Nov 1973 K. La Duca s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 15 Oct 1961 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 03 Apr 1965 O. K. Lakela 28451
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 Jul 1964 W. R. Stimson 686
USA Florida Glades Co. 10 Nov 2012 A. R. Franck 3191
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 17 Jul 2012 D. Hilbert 92
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 19 Jul 2013 S. Myers 1073
USA Florida Broward Co. 04 Feb 2014 P. L. Howell 1247
USA Florida Orange Co. 01 Aug 2000 R. Mejeur 823
USA Florida Lee Co. 22 Jan 2014 L. Moriarty LK0136
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Jun 2006 C. vanHoek HR0458 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 25 Jun 1971 D. Burch 4097 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 20 Aug 1979 J. Watson s.n. CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. Jul 1970 D. Burch 3960 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 22 Jun 1971 D. Burch 4110 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Collier Co. 02 Feb 1967 G. R. Cooley 11870 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Collier Co. 02 May 1964 P. Silverstone 122
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. Apr 1964 N. Woessner 151
Cuba Cumanayagua Mun. 10 May 1956 E. A. Turnau 70
Dominican Republic Puerto Plata Prov. 24 Apr 1970 D. Burch 2366
Dominican Republic La Romana Prov. 19 Aug 1982 R. P. Sauleda 7443
Dominica St. Paul Par. 29 Sep 1971 R. W. Long 3408
Belize Belize Distr. 14 Jul 1970 R. W. Long 3265
Dominican Republic San José de Ocoa Prov. 01 May 1972 A. H. Liogier 18611
Puerto Rico Maricao Mun. 09 Nov 1983 R. P. Sauleda 8549
Dominican Republic Distrito Nacional 21 Nov 1980 T. A. Zanoni 9312 CULTIVATED.
Cuba Santa Clara Prov. 25 Aug 1940 W. H. Hodge 4038
USA Florida Indian River Co. 19 Sep 2015 S. Myers 1766
USA Florida Collier Co. 2000 J. N. Burch 2295
USA Florida Lake Co. 22 Jun 1929 M. Mulvania s.n.
Honduras Santa Barbara Dept. 21 Jun 1970 F. A. Barkley 40854
Belize Orange Walk Distr. 30 Oct 1976 P. W. Leino 7655
Peru Amazonas 02 Aug 1974 R. Kayap 1429
Honduras Francisco Morazán Dept. 12 May 1984 G. Adolfo Torres 173
Honduras Santa Barbara Dept. 23 Jan 1984 R. Paz 156
Venezuela Distrito Federal 05 Oct 1971 R. W. Long 3472
Mexico Oaxaca 26 Mar 1990 B. Sabino 90-3-6
Mexico Hidalgo 28 Oct 1997 E. Romero L. 10-97-1
Honduras Cortés Dept. 22 Mar 1985 S. Palma 334
Mexico Oaxaca Apr 1999 Maximo 99-45-02
Mexico Guerrero Jul 1984 B. Lopez C. 7-7
Mexico San Luis Potosí 18 Aug 1979 S. Trott 292
Mexico San Luis Potosí 13 Aug 1978 D. Dunn 23093
Panama Bocas del Toro Prov. 25 Oct 1985 G. McPherson 7357
Mexico Tamaulipas 01 Jun 1979 G. M. Diggs 2160 Includes Hamelia erecta Jacq.
Guatemala Peten Dept. 19 Jun 1973 A. Gentry 8316
Costa Rica Puntarenas Prov. Osa 16 May 1971 D. Burch 4484
Honduras Santa Bárbara Dept. 28 May 1972 D. Burch 6096
Mexico Veracruz 25 Mar 1970 R. W. Long 3206
Belize 23 Apr 1962 D. Stoddart 138
Nicaragua Nueva Segovia Dept. 29 Jun 1972 S. B. Robbins 5526
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