Geobalanus oblongifolius

Family:CHRYSOBALANACEAE
Species:Geobalanus oblongifolius (Michx.)Small
Common Name:GOPHER APPLE
Plant Notes:Recent work indicates this species belongs in the genus Geobalanus (cymose or compact panicles, petals present), which includes two other species from Mexico and Central America. Licania s.s. (petals absent, ca. 100 spp.) then is restricted to the Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Central and South America (Bardon et al. 2016; Sothers et al. 2016). Although normally this species is a very short plant above-ground, a form to ca. 1.5 m tall has been described (Ward & Taylor 1999).
Status:Native
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order MALPIGHIALES
FamilyCHRYSOBALANACEAE
Genus Geobalanus
Species Geobalanus oblongifolius (Michx.)Small - GOPHER APPLE

Citation

Citation GEOBALANUS OBLONGIFOLIUS (Michaux) Small, Fl. Miami 81, 200. 1913.
Basionym: Chrysobalanus oblongifolius Michaux 1803.
Type: GEORGIA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Baker USF  
Bay FLAS  
Bradford FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval USF  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden FSU  
Gilchrist FLAS  
Glades USF  
Gulf FSU  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FLAS  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FSU  
Lafayette USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon USF  
Levy USF  
Liberty USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Walton USF  
Washington FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Chrysobalanus incanus Chrysobalanus incanus Rafinesque, New Fl. 3: 26. 1838 ("1836"). TYPE: FLORIDA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Prance, Fl. Neotrop. 9: 42. 1972.
Chrysobalanus oblongifolius Chrysobalanus oblongifolius Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 283. 1803. TYPE: GEORGIA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).
Chrysobalanus pallidus Chrysobalanus pallidus (Small) L. B. Smith, Rhodora 48: 136. 1946.BASIONYM: Geobalanus pallidus Small 1913. 
Geobalanus pallidus Geobalanus pallidus Small, Fl. Miami 81, 200. 1913. TYPE: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Between Cocoanut Grove and Cutler, 31 Oct-4 Nov 1903, Small & Carter 711 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Prance, Fl. Neotrop. 9: 42. 1972.
Licania michauxii Licania michauxii Prance, J. Arnold Arbor. 51: 526. 1970.BASIONYM: Chrysobalanus oblongifolius Michaux 1803. 
Chrysobalanus retusus Chrysobalanus retusus Rafinesque, New Fl. 3: 26. 1838 ("1836"). TYPE: ALABAMA/GEORGIA: Without data, Nuttall s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Prance, Fl. Neotrop. 9: 42. 1972.

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Collier Co. 22 May 1966 O. K. Lakela 29832
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 06 Jun 1976 R. A. Hilsenbeck 680
USA Florida Highlands Co. 28 May 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6020
USA Florida Polk Co. 27 Apr 1981 D. S. Correll 51735
USA Florida Duval Co. 14 Aug 2007 C. Slaughter 15786
USA Florida Manatee Co. 13 Apr 1975 P. Genelle 1999 Sheet 1 of 2.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 13 Apr 1975 P. Genelle 1999 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Clay Co. 17 May 2004 J. M. Kunzer 552
USA Florida Marion Co. 03 Jul 2008 M. T. Strong 3785
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 11 May 2009 A. R. Franck 1252
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Jun 2006 C. vanHoek HR0459
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 31 Jul 2008 A. R. Franck 762
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 24 Aug 1960 O. K. Lakela 23283
USA Florida Citrus Co. 12 May 2000 R. A. Hattaway FC0116
USA Florida Lee Co. 10 May 1994 S. Cole CC1022
USA Florida Hernando Co. 09 Jun 1958 R. Kral 6751
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. Dec 1977 A. N. Arcuri 697
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 21 May 1998 K. A. Bradley 1690
USA Florida Brevard Co. 19 May 1991 S. L. Orzell 16739
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 02 Jun 1976 L. C. Anderson 4262
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 24 May 1969 W. T. Gillis 8088
USA Florida Highlands Co. 15 Dec 1998 K. R. DeLaney s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 08 Jun 1979 D. Richardson 792
USA Florida Highlands Co. 17 Apr 1979 B. F. Hansen 5384
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 01 May 1965 O. K. Lakela 28693
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 22 Oct 1977 G. Wilhelm 4333
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 30 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28272A
USA Florida Lee Co. 15 May 1985 E. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 22 Aug 2002 T. MacClendon 85
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 14 Sep 1981 R. P. Sauleda 6792
USA Florida Highlands Co. 08 Jun 1994 S. Cole HH0053
USA Florida Highlands Co. 25 Apr 1988 K. R. DeLaney 1670
USA Florida Hernando Co. 11 May 1974 T. Toombs 13
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 163
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 09 May 1971 P. Genelle 737
USA Florida Polk Co. 24 Aug 1961 O. K. Lakela 24569
USA Florida Highlands Co. May 1928 Small s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. Jun 1961 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 01 Jun 1983 N. L. Mawhinney 165
USA Florida Manatee Co. 08 May 1997 C. Becker WC0163
USA Florida Leon Co. 13 Jul 2001 S. Myers 193
USA Florida Lake Co. 30 Jul 1975 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 02 Jun 1999 J. Myers 391
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 10 May 1990 S. L. Orzell 13443
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 Mar 1975 R. P. Wunderlin 5429
USA Florida Manatee Co. 20 May 1979 C. H. Dodson 8075
USA Florida Manatee Co. 22 May 1992 J. Weber LM0049
USA Florida Citrus Co. 17 May 1983 M. E. Schmid A-238
USA Florida Baker Co. 11 Jul 1984 B. F. Hansen 10039
USA Florida Citrus Co. 22 Jun 1982 N. L. Mawhinney 14
USA Florida Pasco Co. 31 May 1984 B. F. Hansen 9920
USA Florida Highlands Co. 30 Jul 1934 J. B. McFarlin 8144
USA Florida Citrus Co. 04 Jul 1984 R. D. Whetstone 14376
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 12 May 1995 S. Cole OS336
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 May 1965 C. T. Reed s.n.
USA Florida Pasco Co. 10 Jun 2009 C. vanHoek WB0073
USA Florida Brevard Co. 28 Mar 2012 R. Chicone 838
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 07 Jul 1992 S. L. Orzell 20060
USA Florida Polk Co. 30 Apr 1931 J. B. McFarlin 5016
USA Florida Citrus Co. 20 Apr 2012 D. H. Williams 3123
USA Florida Glades Co. 30 May 2010 A. R. Franck 2180
USA Florida Highlands Co. 20 Apr 2001 A. Peters LJ0050
USA Florida Levy Co. 12 Jun 1997 K. Gulledge 333
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 12 May 1995 S. Landry s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 06 Jun 2007 S. Meyer s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 15 May 2010 R. Chicone 726
USA Florida Polk Co. 1927 J. B. McFarlin s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 28 Jun 1970 P. Genelle 261
USA Florida Clay Co. 21 Jun 1981 R. P. Sauleda 5616
USA Mississippi Hancock Co. 29 Jun 1984 C. Hermann 228
USA South Carolina Jasper Co. 29 Jun 1956 H. E. Ahles 15794
USA Alabama Baldwin Co. 01 Aug 1954 D. Demaree 35889
USA Mississippi Harrison Co. 14 Jun 1953 D. Demaree 33376
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 08 Jun 1953 D. Demaree 33265
USA Mississippi Vancleave Co. 23 Aug 1951 R. B. Channell 437
USA Mississippi George Co. 16 Jun 1953 D. Demaree 33429
USA Florida Polk Co. 22 Apr 1961 W. L. Mize 778
USA Florida Lafayette Co. 13 Jun 1964 C. F. Caudle 5246
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