Ximenia americana

Family:XIMENIACEAE
Species:Ximenia americana L.
Common Name:TALLOW WOOD; HOG PLUM
Plant Notes:A pantropical species, Ximenia americana is a facultative root parasite, and is able to parasitize a wide range of hosts (DeFilipps 1969; Musselman & Mann, Jr. 1979) like many species of the Santalales order. It may also occasionally form haustoria onto its own roots or on inanimate objects (DeFilipps 1969).
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order SANTALALES
FamilyXIMENIACEAE
Genus Ximenia
Species Ximenia americana L. - TALLOW WOOD; HOG PLUM

Citation

Citation XIMENIA AMERICANA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1193. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: "Tropical America", without data, Herb. Clifford 483(Ximenia 1) (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Lucas, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Olacaceae 5. 1968.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Brevard USF  
Broward FLAS  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay FLAS  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Duval FLAS  
Flagler FLAS  
Glades USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry FLAS  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Levy FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion FLAS  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola FLAS  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Sarasota USF  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Volusia USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Pimecaria odorata Pimecaria odorata Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 65. 1838. TYPE: FLORIDA: "R. St. Juan"
Heymassoli inermis Heymassoli inermis Aublet, Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 325. 1775. TYPE: FRENCH GUIANA:
Heymassoli spinosa Heymassoli spinosa Aublet, Hist. Pl. 1: 324, pl. 125. 1775. TYPE: FRENCH GUIANA:
Ximenia aculeata Ximenia aculeata Crantz, Inst. Rei. Herb. 2: 381. 1766, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Ximenia multiflora Jacquin 1760. 
Ximenia americana forma inermis Ximenia americana Linnaeus, forma inermis (Aublet) Engler, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(2): 9. 1872.BASIONYM: Ximenia inermis Aublet 1775. 
Ximenia americana var. elliptica Ximenia americana Linnaeus, var. elliptica (G. Forster) Valeton, Crit. Overz. Olacin. 76. 1886.BASIONYM: Ximenia elliptica G. Forster 1786. 
Ximenia americana var. laurina Ximenia americana Linnaeus, var. laurina (Delile) Valeton, Crit. Overz. Olacin. 76. 1886.BASIONYM: Ximenia laurina Delile 1843. 
Ximenia americana var. oblonga Ximenia americana Linnaeus, var. oblonga de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 533. 1824.BASIONYM: Heymasolli spinosa Aublet 1775. 
Ximenia americana var. ovata Ximenia americana Linnaeus, var. ovata de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 533. 1824.BASIONYM: Ximenia multiflora Jacquin 1760. 
Ximenia americana var. oxyprena Ximenia americana Linnaeus, var. oxyprena Chiovenda, Atti Reale Accad. Italia, Mem. Cl. Sci. Fis. 11: 25. 1940. TYPE: SOMALIA: Oltregiuba, s.d., Calvino s.n. (holotype: ?).
Ximenia americana var. sphaerica Ximenia americana Linnaeus, var. sphaerica Chiovenda, Atti Reale Accad. Italia, Mem. Cl. Sci. Fis. 11: 25. 1940.  
Ximenia elliptica Ximenia elliptica G. Forster, Fl. Ins. Austr. 27. 1786.  
Ximenia exarmata Ximenia exarmata F. Mueller, Trans. Philos. Inst. Victoria 3: 22. 1858. TYPE: AUSTRALIA:
Ximenia fluminensis Ximenia fluminensis M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 1: 22. 1846.  
Ximenia gabonensis Ximenia gabonensis Baillon ex Lanessan, Pl. Util. Col. Franc. 834. 1886.  
Ximenia inermis Ximenia inermis Linnaeus, Amoen. Acad. 5: 378. 1760. TYPE: JAMAICA:
Ximenia laurina Ximenia laurina Delile, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2. 20: 89. 1843. TYPE: ETHIOPIA: Tigre, dans la Colla a Tchellatchekenne, s.d., Galinier 119 (holotype: MPU).
Ximenia montana Ximenia montana Macfadyen, Fl. Jamaica 1: 121. 1837, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Ximenia multiflora Jacquin 1760. 
Ximenia multiflora Ximenia multiflora Jacquin, Enum. Syst. Pl. 19. 1760. TYPE: Without data (holotype: Burman, in Plumier, Pl. Amer. t. 261(1). 1760).
Ximenia subscandens Ximenia subscandens Griffith, Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 691. 1854.  
Ximenia verrucosa Ximenia verrucosa M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 1: 23. 1846.  
Ziziphus littorea Ziziphus littorea Teysmann ex Hasskarl, Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 9: 176. 1886.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Hernando Co. 02 Sep 1978 R. Lassiter 177
USA Florida Polk Co. 23 Aug 1979 B. F. Hansen 6157
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 22 Jan 2003 A. Bishop HR0153
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 18 Nov 1998 B. K. Holst 7163
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 27 Aug 2006 R. Rowe 60838
USA Florida Hardee Co. 29 Jun 2004 A. Bishop PC0082
USA Florida Highlands Co. 17 Apr 1979 B. F. Hansen 5390
USA Florida Monroe Co. 17 Jul 1971 C. P. Sreemadhavan 5107
USA Florida Glades Co. 10 Nov 2012 A. R. Franck 3192
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 10 Apr 2008 D. Griffin OS0642
USA Florida Citrus Co. 29 Aug 2000 R. A. Hattaway FC0137
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 31 Jul 1974 S. Todd 276
USA Florida Citrus Co. 05 Jan 1983 N. L. Mawhinney 60
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Jul 1986 J. Massey s.n.
USA Florida Volusia Co. 01 Nov 2003 J. M. Kunzer 437
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9957
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 04 Jun 1984 R. F. Thorne 58300
USA Florida Citrus Co. 24 Mar 1978 R. Lassiter 731
USA Florida Hardee Co. 24 Jul 1977 E. Kuczynski s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Oct 1978 D. Hatten s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 14 Oct 1976 L. J. Musselman 5021
USA Florida Monroe Co. 06 Aug 1966 R. W. Long 2097
USA Florida Manatee Co. 27 Apr 1975 P. Genelle 2055
USA Florida Alachua Co. 28 Jun 1998 W. B. Zomlefer 687
USA Florida Collier Co. 15 Mar 1999 B. F. Hansen 12882
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 156
USA Florida Polk Co. 24 Aug 1961 O. K. Lakela 24564
USA Florida Collier Co. 02 Jun 1981 B. F. Hansen 8327
USA Florida Highlands Co. 26 Aug 1961 O. K. Lakela 24588
USA Florida Hardee Co. 14 Oct 1976 R. J. Callahan s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Sep 1961 O. K. Lakela 24661
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 07 Sep 2006 E. Jensen EK0011
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 21 Jun 1977 A. N. Arcuri 288
USA Florida Polk Co. 13 Oct 1980 T. F. Rochow s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 19 May 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10956
USA Florida Hernando Co. 23 Jul 1978 R. Lassiter 155
USA Florida Indian River Co. 26 Nov 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6452
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 Oct 1979 J. Bateson 54
USA Florida Pasco Co. 13 Oct 2003 E. M. Ferguson 460
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 Jan 1975 L. J. Musselman 4821
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 28 Nov 1962 D. B. Ward 3134
USA Florida Polk Co. 14 Apr 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10691
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 09 Aug 1961 R. R. Smith 675
USA Florida Indian River Co. 22 Jun 1972 W. Webb 3589
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 27 Jun 1995 S. Landry s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 25 May 2001 D. Stark LJ0109
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 Aug 2002 T. MacClendon 76
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 21 Apr 1962 O. K. Lakela 24961
USA Florida Collier Co. 18 Jul 1965 O. K. Lakela 28957
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 31 Oct 2003 A. Bishop HR0286
USA Florida Pasco Co. 30 Jun 2000 J. Richard Abbott 13666
USA Florida Volusia Co. 22 Oct 2005 J. M. Kunzer 1197
USA Florida Martin Co. Jul 1987 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Pasco Co. 20 Mar 2004 C. vanHoek WB0485
USA Florida Manatee Co. 14 May 2004 A. Bishop LM0071
USA Florida Monroe Co. 21 Mar 1972 J.M. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 05 Aug 1987 B. F. Hansen 11372
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 14 May 1988 G. Fleming 4057
USA Florida Highlands Co. 10 Sep 1987 B. F. Hansen 11625
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 160
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 14 Apr 1997 M. E. Nolan 7
USA Florida Glades Co. 09 Dec 2009 A. R. Franck 1686
USA Florida Polk Co. 22 Jun 1988 K. R. DeLaney 1814
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 2-3 Aug 1988 D. M. Krofta s.n.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 23 Jun 1983 N. L. Mawhinney 226
USA Florida Highlands Co. 25 Apr 1988 K. R. DeLaney 1641
USA Florida Monroe Co. 16 Apr 1964 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 11 Apr 1991 J. Weber WC0069
USA Florida Collier Co. 11 Jun 1991 J. Weber CS0215
USA Florida Manatee Co. 28 Nov 1962 D. B. Ward 3096
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 31 Oct 2002 C. vanHoek CI0237
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 28 Jun 1970 P. Genelle 257
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10901
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 31 Jul 2008 A. R. Franck 757
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 25 Oct 2008 C. Slaughter 17135
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10934
USA Florida Highlands Co. 20 Aug 1979 D. Richardson 775
USA Florida Monroe Co. 15 Sep 1982 D. S. Correll 54051
USA Florida Brevard Co. 17 Nov 1987 B. F. Hansen 11711
USA Florida Pasco Co. 30 Jun 2000 A. Andrade s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Mar 1982 R. P. Sauleda 7070
USA Florida Monroe Co. 27 Apr 1978 W. C. Brumbach 9375
USA Florida Polk Co. 13 Apr 1979 B. F. Hansen 5346
USA Florida Lee Co. Jan 2003 L. Estabrook s.n.
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 06 Jan 2003 L. DiGruttolo s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Jun 1980 A.G. Shuey 2399
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 17 Jun 1998 J. Myers 060
USA Florida Highlands Co. 26 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 6083
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 02 Jun 1961 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 16 Sep 1979 B. F. Hansen 6357
USA Florida Collier Co. 11 May 1968 O. K. Lakela 31401
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 01 May 1977 P. Genelle 2735
USA Florida Monroe Co. 15 Mar 1963 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 20 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10717
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 07 Aug 1965 D. B. Ward 4904
USA Florida Lake Co. 01 Nov 1978 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 15 Oct 1962 G. R. Cooley 9364
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 07 Nov 1987 G. Fleming 3810
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 10 Sep 1963 O. K. Lakela 26343
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Mar 1974 S. Todd 155
USA Florida Brevard Co. 07 Oct 1961 O. K. Lakela 24764
USA Florida Manatee Co. 16 May 1992 R. Owens SF0087
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 22 Oct 1998 E. L. Bridges 25363
USA Florida Highlands Co. May 1928 J. K. Small s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 04 Nov 1978 R. Lassiter 753
USA Florida Monroe Co. 12 Nov 1964 O. K. Lakela 27858
USA Florida Highlands Co. 12 Mar 1992 J. L. Reveal 7170
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 15 Jul 2013 S. Myers 1064
USA Florida Indian River Co. 28 Sep 2013 S. Myers 1143
USA Florida Polk Co. 25 Sep 1999 R. Mejeur 792
USA Florida Hardee Co. 04 Oct 2014 P. J. Simoes 56
USA Florida Lee Co. 14 May 2012 S.W. Braem KS0114
USA Florida Polk Co. 15 Jul 2015 J. R. Campbell 55
USA Florida Polk Co. 18 Mar 2016 J. R. Campbell 159
Dominica St. Luke Par. 06 Jun 1996 S. R. Hill 28202
USA Florida Collier Co. 2000 J. N. Burch 2316
USA Florida Orange Co. 29 Aug 2015 S. Myers 1761
USA Florida Polk Co. 13 May 1961 Owens s.n.
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