Zamia pumila

Family:ZAMIACEAE
Species:Zamia pumila L.
Common Name:FLORIDA ARROWROOT; COONTIE
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyZAMIACEAE
Genus Zamia
Species Zamia pumila L. - FLORIDA ARROWROOT; COONTIE

Citation

Citation ZAMIA PUMILA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1659. 1763.
Basionym: **
Type: "Hispaniola", without data (lectotype: Commelijn, Horti Med. Amstelod. 1: t. 58. 1697). Lectotypified by Eckenwalder, J. Arnold Arbor. 61: 715. 1980.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Brevard FLAS  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie USF  
Flagler USF  
Gilchrist USF  
Glades USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Highlands FLAS  
Hillsborough USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Levy USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas FLAS  
Polk USF  
Putnam USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole FLAS  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor USF  
Volusia USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Encephalartos pumilus Encephalartos pumilus (Linnaeus) Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 3. 626. 1839.BASIONYM: Zamia pumila Linnaeus 1763. 
Palmifolium angustifolium Palmifolium angustifolium (Jacquin) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891.BASIONYM: Zamia angustifolia Jacquin 1791. 
Palmifolium debile Palmifolium debile Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Zamia debilis Linnaeus f. 1789, nom. illegit.; Zamia pumila Linnaeus 1753. 
Palmifolium floridanum Palmifolium floridanum (Alph. de Candolle) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891.BASIONYM: Zamia floridana Alph. de Candolle 1868. 
Palmifolium integrifolium Palmifolium integrifolium (Linnaeus f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891.BASIONYM: Zamia integrifolia Linnaeus f. 1789. 
Palmifolium medium Palmifolium medium (Jacquin) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891.BASIONYM: Zamia media Jacquin 1798. 
Palmifolium pumilum Palmifolium pumilum (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891.BASIONYM: Zamia pumila Linnaeus 1753. 
Zamia angustifolia Zamia angustifolia Jacquin, Ic. Pl. Rar. 3: 20, t. 636. 1791. TYPE: BAHAMA ISLANDS: Cult. Hort. Vindob., s.d., (lectotype: Jacquin, Ic. Pl. Rar. 3: t. 636. 1791.). Lectotypified by Eckenwalder, J. Arnold Arbor. 61: 715. 1980.
Zamia angustifolia var. floridana Zamia angustifolia Jacquin, var. floridana (Alph. de Candolle) Regel, Gartenflora 27: 13. 1878.BASIONYM: Zamia floridana Alph. de Candolle 1868. 
Zamia debilis Zamia debilis Linnaeus f., in Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 478. 1789, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Zamia pumila Linnaeus 1753. 
Zamia floridana Zamia floridana Alph. de Candolle, in de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 544. 1868. TYPE: FLORIDA: Hillsborough Co.: Fort Brooke, s.d., Hulse s.n. (lectotype: G-DC; isotype: NY fragm). Lectotypified by Eckenwalder, J. Arnold Arbor. 61: 716. 1980.
Zamia floridana var. purshiana Zamia floridana Alph. de Candolle, var. purshiana J. Schuster, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 99): 151. 1932.BASIONYM: Zamia integrifolia Linnaeus f. 1789. 
Zamia floridana var. silvicola Zamia floridana Alph. de Candolle, var. silvicola (Small) J. Schuster, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 99): 152. 1932.BASIONYM: Zamia silvicola Small 1926. 
Zamia floridana var. umbrosa Zamia floridana Alph. de Candolle, var. umbrosa (Small) D. B. Ward, Novon 11: 363. 2001.BASIONYM: Zamia umbrosa Small 1921. 
Zamia humilis Zamia humilis Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 400. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Zamia pumila Linnaeus 1753. 
Zamia integrifolia Zamia integrifolia Linnaeus f., in Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 478. 1789, nom. cons. TYPE: FLORIDA: "East Florida", cultivated at Kew Gardens, s.d., Aiton s.n. (holotype: BM), typ. cons.
Zamia media Zamia media Jacquin, Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 3: 77, t. 397-398. 1798. TYPE: "West Indies", without data, (lectotype: Jacquin, Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 3: pl. 398. 1798.). Lectotypified by Eckenwalder, J. Arnold Arbor. 61: 715. 1980.
Zamia media var. commeliniana Zamia media Jacquin, var. commeliniana J. Schuster, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 99): 155. 1932.BASIONYM: Zamia pumila Linnaeus 1753. 
Zamia media var. jacquiniana Zamia media Jacquin, var. jacquiniana J. Schuster, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 99): 157. 1932, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Zamia media Jacquin 1798. 
Zamia silvicola Zamia silvicola Small, J. New York Bot. Gard. 27: 128, fig. 1-2. 1926. TYPE: FLORIDA: Citrus Co.: "Spanish Mound" hammock near Crystal River, 20 Nov 1921, Small et al. 10060 (holotype: NY).
Zamia umbrosa Zamia umbrosa Small, J. New York Bot. Gard. 22: 136. 1921. TYPE: FLORIDA: Volusia Co.: Daytona Beach, 8 May 1918, Small 8679 (lectotype: NY; isolectotypes: DUKE, FLAS, GH). Lectotypified by Eckenwalder, J. Arnold Arbor. 61: 716. 1980.
Palmifolium angustissimum Palmifolium angustissimum (Miquel) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891.BASIONYM: Zamia angustissima Miquel 1851. 
Palmifolium multifoliolatum Palmifolium multifoliolatum (Alph. de Candolle) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891.BASIONYM: Zamia multifoliolata Alph de Candolle 1868. 
Palmifolium strictum Palmifolium strictum (Miquel) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891.BASIONYM: Zamia stricta Miquel 1851. 
Palmifolium tenue Palmifolium tenue (Willdenow) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891.BASIONYM: Zamia tenuis Willdenow 1806. 
Palmifolium yatesii Palmifolium yatesii (Miquel) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803. 1891.BASIONYM: Zamia yatesii Miquel 1851. 
Zamia allison-armourii Zamia allison-armourii Millspaugh, Publ. Field Columb. Mus., Bot. Ser. 2: 23. 1900. TYPE: DOMNICAN REPUBLIC: Distrito Nacional, near river flowing into Santo Domingo, s.d., Millspaugh 817 (holotype: F; isotype: NY fragm).
Zamia angustifolia var. angustissima Zamia angustifolia Jacquin, var. angustissima (Miquel) Regel, Gartenflora 27: 13. 1878.BASIONYM: Zamia angustissima Miquel 1851. 
Zamia angustifolia var. stricta Zamia angustifolia Jacquin, var. stricta (Miquel) Regel, Gartenflora 27: 13. 1878.BASIONYM: Zamia stricta Miquel 1851. 
Zamia angustifolia var. yatesii Zamia angustifolia Jacquin, var. yatesii (Miquel) Regel, Gartenflora 27: 13. 1878.BASIONYM: Zamia yatesii Miquel 1851. 
Zamia angustissima Zamia angustissima Miquel, Nieuwe Verh. Eerste Kl. Kon. Ned. Inst. Wetensch. Amsterdam, ser. 3. 4: 184. 1851. TYPE: CUBA: Cult. Hort. Amstelod., Miquel s.n. (holotype: U).
Zamia dentata Zamia dentata F. Voigt, Syll. Pl. Nov. 2: 53. 1828.  
Zamia erosa Zamia erosa O. F. Cook & G. N. Collins, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 8: 267. 1903. TYPE: PUERTO RICO: Ponce: Coamo Springs, 14 Jun-22 Jul 1901, Cook s.n. (lectotype: NY; isotype: NY). Lectotypified by Eckenwalder, J. Arnold Arbor. 61: 616. 1980.
Zamia guggenheimiana Zamia guggenheimiana Carabia, Caribbean Forest. 2: 89. 1941. TYPE: CUBA: Oriente: Pilon, Ensenada de Mora, Manzanillo, 17 Apr 1939 Carabia 1403a (holotype: NY; isotype: F).
Zamia latifoliolata Zamia latifoliolata Prenleloup, Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat. 11: 278. 1872.BASIONYM:TYPE: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Road to Punto de la Torrecilla, s.d., Prenleloup s.n. (holotype: LAU).
Zamia lucayana Zamia lucayana Britton, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 5: 311. 1907. TYPE: BAHAMA ISLANDS: Long Island: Clarence Town and vicinity, 16-19 Mar 1907, Britton & Millspaugh 6271 (holotype: NY; isotypes: F, GH, NY).
Zamia media forma brevipinnata Zamia media Jacquin, forma brevipinnata J. Schuster, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 99): 158. 1932. TYPE: CUBA: Oriente: Holguin to Myabe, 1-6 Apr 1909, Shafer 1406 (lectotype: B; isolectotypes: F, NY). Lectotypified by Eckenwalder, J. Arnold Arbor. 61: 717. 1980.
Zamia media forma calcicola Zamia media Jacquin, forma calcicola J. Schuster, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 99): 155. 1932. TYPE: CUBA: Pinar del Rio, Banos de San Vicente, s.d., Britton et al. 7392 (holotype: B; isotypes: GH, NY).
Zamia media var. portoricensis Zamia media Jacquin, var. portoricensis (Urban) J. Schuster, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 99): 158. 1932.BASIONYM: Zamia portoricensis Urban 1899. 
Zamia media var. tenuis Zamia media Jacquin, var. tenuis (Willdenow) J. Schuster, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 99): 158. 1932.BASIONYM: Zamia tenuis Willdenow 1806. 
Zamia multifoliolata Zamia multifoliolata Alph. de Candolle, in de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 545. 1868. TYPE: CUBA: Oriente: San Juan de Buenavista, s.d., Wright 597 (holotype: G-DC; isotypes: GH, MO, NY, US).
Zamia portoricensis Zamia portoricensis Urban, Symb. Antill. 1: 291. 1899. TYPE: PUERTO RICO: Mayaguez, prope Guanica in sylva ad Ensenada, s.d., Sintenis 3782 (holotype: B; isotype: NY fragm).
Zamia stricta Zamia stricta Miquel, Nieuwe Verh. Eerste Kl. Kon. Ned. Inst. Wetensch. Amsterdam, ser. 3. 4: 183. 1851. TYPE: CUBA: Cult. Hort. Amstelod., Miquel s.n. (holotype: U).
Zamia tenuis Zamia tenuis Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 846. 1806. TYPE: BAHAMA ISLANDS: Without data, cult. Hort. Berol., s.n., Willdenow s.n. (holotype: B-W; isotype: NY fragm).
Zamia yatesii Zamia yatesii Miquel, Nieuwe Verh. Eerste Kl. Kon. Ned. Inst. Wetensch. Amsterdam, ser. 3. 4: 182. 1851. TYPE: CUBA: Cult. Hort. Amstelod., Miquel s.n. (holotype: U).