Passiflora suberosa

Family:PASSIFLORACEAE
Species:Passiflora suberosa L.
Common Name:CORKYSTEM PASSIONFLOWER
Plant Notes:Within this group, some treatments recognize two species: P. pallida (hypanthium 2.8-4.1 mm wide, inner coronal filaments < 1.4 mm long), native to Florida, Texas, West Indies, Mexico, Central America, and Venezuela, and P. suberosa s.s. (hypanthium usually 4.0-8.8 mm wide, inner coronal filaments > 1.4 mm long) native to the West Indies, Mexico, Central and South America, with both introduced in the Old World tropics (Porter-Utley 2003, 2014). Based on an ITS phylogeny, a cultivated specimen (Porter-Utley P-65, FLAS) identified as P. pallida with provenance putatively from the Everglades fell within a strongly supported monophyletic clade of P. pallida + P. suberosa with pallida aff., while the specimen identified as "P. suberosa with pallida aff." was from Sarasota Co. (Abbott 14284, FLAS) and had four different ITS copies falling in multiple clades suggestive of ample gene flow between P. pallida and P. suberosa. Clade support was generally very low, making it difficult to surmise relationships among the various entities (Porter-Utley 2014). The preference here is to recognize one species, P. suberosa s.l., similar to other treatments (Long & Lakela 1971; Adams 1972; Correll & Correll 1982; Proctor 1984; Bornstein in Howard 1989), especially since the morphological variation appears continuous between two entities that are likely sympatric and interfertile.
Status:Native, UPL (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order MALPIGHIALES
FamilyPASSIFLORACEAE
Genus Passiflora
Species Passiflora suberosa L. - CORKYSTEM PASSIONFLOWER

Citation

Citation PASSIFLORA SUBEROSA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 958. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: "DOMINICA", probably Hispaniola: Without data (lectotype: LINN 1070.21). Lectotypified by Wijnands, Bot. Commelins 171. 1983.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Collier USF  
Dixie FSU  
Duval FLAS  
Hendry USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Levy USF  
Manatee USF  
Martin FLAS  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Orange USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns FLAS  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Volusia USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cieca angustifolia Cieca angustifolia (Swartz) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 143. 1846.BASIONYM: Passiflora angustifolia Swartz 1788. 
Cieca pallida Cieca pallida (Linnaeus) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 142. 1846.BASIONYM: Passiflora pallida Linnaeus 1753. 
Cieca suberosa Cieca suberosa (Linnaeus) Moench, Suppl. Meth. 102. 1802.BASIONYM: Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Cieca viridis Cieca viridis Medikus, Malvenfam. 97. 1787, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Cieca warei Cieca warei (Nuttall) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 146. 1846.BASIONYM: Passiflora warei Nuttall 1822. 
Granadilla suberosa Granadilla suberosa (Linnaeus) Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 480. 1791.BASIONYM: Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Meioperis angustifolia Meioperis angustifolia (Swartz) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 103. 1838 ("1836").BASIONYM: Passiflora angustifolia Swartz 1788. 
Meioperis pallida Meioperis pallida (Linnaeus) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 103. 1838 ("1836").BASIONYM: Passiflora pallida Linnaeus 1753. 
Meioperis suberosa Meioperis suberosa (Linnaeus) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 103. 1838 ("1836").BASIONYM: Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Passiflora angustifolia Passiflora angustifolia Swartz, Prodr. 97. 1788. TYPE: JAMAICA: Without data, Swartz s.n. (holotype: S).
Passiflora hederifolia Passiflora hederifolia Lamarck, Encycl. 3: 38. 1789, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Passiflora pallida Passiflora pallida Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 955. 1753.  
Passiflora suberosa var. angustifolia Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus, var. angustifolia (Swartz) Masters, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 27: 630. 1871.BASIONYM: Passiflora angustifolia Swartz 1788. 
Passiflora suberosa var. pallida Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus, var. pallida (Linnaeus) Masters, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 27: 630. 1871.BASIONYM: Passiflora pallida Linnaeus 1753. 
Passiflora warei Passiflora warei Nuttall, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 5: 297. 1822. TYPE: FLORIDA: Without data, Ware s.n. (holotype: PH?).
Cieca flexuosa Cieca flexuosa (Gardner) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 148. 1846.BASIONYM: Passiflora flexuosa Gardner 1842. 
Cieca globosa Cieca globosa M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 144. 1846. TYPE: BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro:
Cieca hederacea Cieca hederacea (Cavanilles) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 141. 1846.BASIONYM: Passiflora hederacea Cavanilles 1790. 
Cieca heterophylla Cieca heterophylla Moench, Suppl. Meth. 101. 1802, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Passiflora longifolia Lamarck 1789. 
Cieca limbata Cieca limbata (Tenore) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 148. 1846.BASIONYM: Passiflora limbata Tenore 1839. 
Cieca litoralis Cieca litoralis (Kunth) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 145. 1846.BASIONYM: Passiflora litoralis Kunth 1817. 
Cieca minima Cieca minima (Linnaeus) Moench, Suppl. Meth. 102. 1802.BASIONYM: Passiflora minima Linnaeus 1753. 
Cieca nigra Cieca nigra (Jacquin) Medikus, Malvenfam. 97. 1787.BASIONYM: Passiflora nigra Jacquin 1767. 
Cieca oliviformis Cieca oliviformis M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 144. 1846. TYPE: BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro:
Cieca peltata Cieca peltata (Cavanilles) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 141. 1846.BASIONYM: Passiflora peltata Cavanilles 1790. 
Cieca pseudosuberosa Cieca pseudosuberosa (Fischer) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 146. 1846.BASIONYM: Passiflora pseudosuberosa Fischer 1843. 
Meioperis hederacea Meioperis hederacea (Cavanilles) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 103 ("1836").BASIONYM: Passiflora hederacea Cavanilles 1790. 
Meioperis minima Meioperis minima (Linnaeus) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 103. 1838 ("1836").BASIONYM: Passiflora minima Linnaeus 1753. 
Meioperis peltata Meioperis peltata (Cavanilles) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 103. 1838 ("1836").BASIONYM: Passiflora peltata Cavanilles 1790. 
Passiflora calliaquatica Passiflora calliaquatica E. H. L. Krause, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 32(2): 340. 1914. TYPE: ST. VINCENT: Between Kingstown and Calliaqua, s.d., Krause 15718 (holotype: B).
Passiflora flexuosa Passiflora flexuosa Gardner, London J. Bot. 1: 174. 1842.  
Passiflora glabra Passiflora glabra Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. TYPE: JAMAICA: Without data, Miller Herb. s.n. (holotype: BM).
Passiflora globosa Passiflora globosa (M. Roemer) Vellozo, Fl. Flumin. 379. 1881.BASIONYM: Cieca globosa M. Roemer 1846. 
Passiflora hederacea Passiflora hederacea Cavanilles, Diss. 10: 448. 1790.  
Passiflora heterophylla Passiflora heterophylla Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 309. 1789.  
Passiflora hirsuta Passiflora hirsuta Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 958. 1753.  
Passiflora hirsuta var. parviflora Passiflora hirsuta Linnaeus, var. parviflora (Swartz) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 174. 1846.BASIONYM: Passiflora parviflora Swartz 1788. 
Passiflora kohautiana Passiflora kohautiana C. Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5. 3: 502. 1845. TYPE: MARTINIQUE: Without data, Kohaut s.n. (holotype: PRC).
Passiflora limbata Passiflora limbata Tenore, Index Sem. Hort. Neapol. 12. 1839; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2. 13: 380. 1840.  
Passiflora lineariloba Passiflora lineariloba Hooker f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 222. 1851. TYPE: ECUADOR: Galapagos: James Island, s.d., Scouler & Douglas s.n. (holotype: K).
Passiflora litoralis Passiflora litoralis Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 138. 1817. TYPE: PERU:
Passiflora longifolia Passiflora longifolia Lamarck, Encycl. 3: 40. 1789.  
Passiflora minima Passiflora minima Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 959. 1753. TYPE: Without data (lectoytpe: LINN 1070.20). Lectotypified by Killip, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 19: 93. 1939.
Passiflora nigra Passiflora nigra Jacquin, Observ. Bot. 2: 27, pl. 46(3). 1767.  
Passiflora olivaeformis Passiflora olivaeformis Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Passiflora oliviformis Passiflora oliviformis (M. Roemer) Vellozo, Fl. Flumin. 379. 1881, non Miller 1768.BASIONYM: Cieca oliviformis M. Roemer 1846. 
Passiflora parviflora Passiflora parviflora Swartz, Prodr. 97. 1788. TYPE: JAMAICA:
Passiflora peltata Passiflora peltata Cavanilles, Diss. 10: 447, pl. 274. 1790. TYPE: Antilles, without data, Surian 123 (holotype: P).
Passiflora pseudosuberosa Passiflora pseudosuberosa Fischer, in Fischer & Ave-Lallemant, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 9: 82. 1843; Fischer ex Walpers, Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 934. 1843.  
Passiflora puberula Passiflora puberula Hooker f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 223. 1851.  
Passiflora suberosa subvar. argentea Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus, subvar. argentea Masters, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 27: 630. 1871.  
Passiflora suberosa var. divaricata Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus, var. divaricata Grisebach, Bonplandia (Hannover) 6: 7. 1858.  
Passiflora suberosa var. hederacea Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus, var. hederacea (Cavanilles) Masters, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 27: 630. 1871.BASIONYM: Passiflora hederacea Cavanilles 1790. 
Passiflora suberosa var. hirsuta Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus, var. hirsuta (Linnaeus) Masters, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 27: 630. 1871.BASIONYM: Passiflora hirsuta Linnaeus 1753. 
Passiflora suberosa var. lineariloba Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus, var. lineariloba (Hooker f.) Masters, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 13(1): 579. 1872.BASIONYM: Passiflora lineariloba Hooker f. 1851. 
Passiflora suberosa var. longiloba Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus, var. longiloba Triana & Planchon, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 5. 17: 157. 1873. TYPE: COLOMBIA:
Passiflora suberosa var. longipes Passiflora suberosa Linnaeus, var. longipes S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 25: 149. 1890. TYPE: MEXICO: Jalisco: Guadalahara, s.d., Pringle 2966 (holotype: GH).
Passiflora tridactylites Passiflora tridactylites Hooker f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 222. 1851. TYPE: ECUADOR: Galapagos: Colon, s.d., Andersson s.n. (holotype: K; isotypes: P, S).
Passiflora villosa Passiflora villosa Macfadyen, Fl. Jamaica 2: 150. 1850, non Vellozo 1831. TYPE: JAMAICA:

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 16 Sep 1998 S.W. Braem DP0011
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 28 Oct 1999 J. Myers 546
USA Florida Broward Co. 06 Nov 1991 S. L. Orzell 18961
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 Mar 2002 J. E. Tear 2086
USA Florida Collier Co. 15 Sep 2000 R. A. Hattaway CS0458
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 04 Sep 2002 S. Myers 467
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 28 Apr 1980 G. Fleming 3366
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 08 Dec 1978 C. H. Dodson 4963
USA Florida Monroe Co. 24 Dec 1965 H. D. Hammond 3929b
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 11 Mar 1984 B. F. Hansen 9873
USA Florida Broward Co. Oct 1974 D. Tabb s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 16 Sep 1959 G. R. Cooley 6994
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 15 Nov 2008 R. Chicone 676
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 04 Nov 1960 V. Ducey 158
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 06 Aug 1986 J. Beckner 2681
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 18 Dec 1972 P. Genelle 1652
USA Florida Lee Co. 26 Mar 1945 L. J. Brass 14912
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6112
USA Florida Lee Co. 07 Jan 1967 O. K. Lakela 30587
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 28 Nov 1977 A. N. Arcuri 647
USA Florida Indian River Co. 26 Nov 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6490
USA Florida Lee Co. 25 Oct 1980 R. P. Wunderlin 8848
USA Florida Lee Co. 10 Apr 1991 S. Young 613
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 15 Jul 1983 A. Herndon 823
USA Florida Broward Co. 02 Jul 1981 B. F. Hansen 8370
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 24 Aug 1973 L. Fowler 143
USA Florida Indian River Co. 05 Dec 1980 G. Robinson 5
USA Florida Monroe Co. 27 Dec 1959 D. B. Ward 1777
USA Florida Monroe Co. 13 Feb 1967 O. K. Lakela 30663
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 02 Oct 1966 C. Croley s.n.
USA Florida Broward Co. 18 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10515
USA Florida Broward Co. 23 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28416
USA Florida Monroe Co. 12 Nov 1960 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 28 Dec 1963 O. K. Lakela 26730
USA Florida Broward Co. 21 Feb 1970 W. L. McCart 11307
USA Florida Broward Co. 23 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28416
USA Florida Brevard Co. 31 Dec 1964 O. K. Lakela 28038
USA Florida Brevard Co. 04 Oct 1973 A.G. Shuey M1477
USA Florida Citrus Co. 15 Jun 1983 N. L. Mawhinney 204
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 16 Nov 1979 B. F. Hansen 6806
USA Florida Lake Co. 14 May 1981 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 05 Nov 1963 C. T. Reed s.n.
USA Florida Volusia Co. 23 Nov 1968 O. K. Lakela 31755
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 22 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28381
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 17 Jul 1964 O. K. Lakela 27295
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 27 Dec 1979 R. P. Sauleda 3280
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 28 Dec 1963 O. K. Lakela 26748
USA Florida Collier Co. 03 Nov 1968 O. K. Lakela 31716
USA Florida Collier Co. 13 Apr 1965 R. Metzger 178
USA Florida Collier Co. 10 Dec 1967 O. K. Lakela 31283
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 28 Dec 1963 O. K. Lakela 26731
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. Nov 1973 D. Tabb s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 01 Aug 1958 E. West s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 13 Jan 1979 B. F. Hansen 5021
USA Florida Volusia Co. 03 Aug 1962 J. D. Ray, Jr. 11168
USA Florida Volusia Co. 27 Apr 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10786
USA Florida Monroe Co. 11 Oct 1962 G. R. Cooley 9155
USA Florida Monroe Co. 18 Jan 1969 R. W. Long 2800
USA Florida Volusia Co. 09 Oct 1966 R. W. Long 2307
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 28 Sep 1976 P. Genelle 2461
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 23 Oct 1979 G. Fleming 3294
USA Florida Monroe Co. 15 Dec 1964 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 11 Oct 1962 G. R. Cooley 9157
USA Florida Collier Co. 27 Feb 2007 E. Jensen DW0093
USA Florida Hendry Co. 14 Sep 2009 A. R. Franck 1452
USA Florida Pasco Co. 26 Sep 2002 C. vanHoek WB152
USA Florida Lee Co. 18 Oct 2007 S.W. Braem EB0022
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 08 Aug 1966 R. Broome s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 18 May 1968 O. K. Lakela 31448
USA Florida Lee Co. 17 Nov 1973 S. Todd 89
USA Florida Lee Co. 12 Oct 1992 D. Willis CC1010
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 01 Nov 1970 P. Genelle 381
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 02 Oct 1962 G. R. Cooley 9195
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Aug 2001 C. vanHoek CI0162
USA Florida Orange Co. 28 Jun 2012 S. Myers 554
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 13 Aug 2002 S.W. Braem HI0071
USA Florida Lee Co. 19 Sep 2007 S.W. Braem EB0012
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 27 Aug 2003 S.W. Braem HI0076
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 01 Jul 1999 B. K. Holst 7210
USA Florida Lee Co. 30 Apr 1992 A. Peters GI0023
USA Florida Collier Co. 02 May 1958 G. R. Cooley 6188
USA Florida Monroe Co. 13 Nov 1964 O. K. Lakela 27873
USA Florida Manatee Co. 16 Apr 2005 G. Stout s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 Jul 1966 F. Almeda 267
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 05 Nov 1963 C. T. Reed s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 16 Dec 1981 R. P. Sauleda 7031
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 03 Jul 2008 C. vanHoek HR0617
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 01 Aug 1981 R. P. Sauleda 5820
USA Florida Seminole Co. 28 Sep 2012 D. H. Williams 3379
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 15 Jan 2012 D. Hilbert 21
USA Florida Brevard Co. 01 Nov 2014 S. Myers 1517
Jamaica Cornwall Co. St. Elizabeth Par. Mar 1847 J. Wolle s.n.
Jamaica Cornwall Co. St. Elizabeth Par. May 1847 J. Wolle s.n.
Jamaica Surrey Co. St. Thomas Par. 06 Jan 1972 R. P. Wunderlin 5135
Jamaica Cornwall Co. St. Elizabeth Par. Feb 1847 J. Wolle s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 03 Oct 1963 J.B. Funderburg, Jr. s.n. FSCL Herbarium #4386.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 09 Apr 1966 B. J. Lester 50
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Oct 1990 D. M. Hart s.n. CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Mar 1994 M. Woernle 12 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Sep 1990 D. M. Hart 9-90-17 CULTIVATED.
USA New York Tompkins Co. 29 Dec 2001 D. Goldman 2224 CULTIVATED. Material originally from Ken King in Welasco, Hidalgo Co., Texas (his plants collected from this area) colleced on 7 November, 2001.
Bahamas Great Abaco Island 28 Jun 1980 R. P. Sauleda 3665
Cayman Islands Grand Cayman Island 21 Aug 1971 N. Chevalier 160
Bahamas Grand Bahama Island 25 Feb 1967 R. Vagner s.n.
Puerto Rico Maricao Mun. 05 Oct 1982 R. P. Sauleda 7876
Bahamas Great Abaco Island 17 Dec 1979 R. P. Wunderlin 8585
Bahamas Cat Island 15 Dec 1979 R. P. Wunderlin 8401
Cayman Islands Grand Cayman Island 20 Dec 1971 N. Chevalier 289
Barbados St. Thomas Par. 19 Feb 1965 G. R. Proctor 25823
USA Florida Polk Co. 25 Apr 1989 G. Hearn s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 17 Dec 1990 J. N. Burch 310
USA Florida Collier Co. 30 Dec 1990 J. N. Burch 338
USA Florida Lake Co. 10 Aug 1962 C. F. Caudle 1725
USA Florida Polk Co. 29 Jun 1962 C. F. Caudle 960
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 Mar 2017 J. R. Campbell 678
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Aug 2016 J. R. Campbell 338
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