Amorpha fruticosa

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Amorpha fruticosa L.
Common Name:BASTARD FALSE INDIGO
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWPL), T (WAP)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order FABALES
FamilyFABACEAE
Genus Amorpha
Species Amorpha fruticosa L. - BASTARD FALSE INDIGO

Citation

Citation AMORPHA FRUTICOSA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 713. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: "Carolina", cult. in Netherlands (lectotype: Linnaeus, Hort. Cliffort. t. 19. 1737). Lectotypified by C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 73. 1907.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Bay FLAS  
Bradford FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay FLAS  
Collier USF  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie USF  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler USF  
Franklin USF  
Gadsden USF  
Gilchrist USF  
Gulf USF  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes USF  
Indian River FLAS  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson FSU  
Lafayette USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon USF  
Levy USF  
Liberty USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade NY  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa USF  
Orange FLAS  
Palm Beach FTG  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam USF  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns USF  
Sumter FLAS  
Suwannee USF  
Taylor USF  
Union USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Walton USF  
Washington USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Amorpha bushii Amorpha bushii Rydberg, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 24: 31. 1919. TYPE: FLORIDA: Jackson Co.: Chattahoochee River, 12 Aug 1897, Bush 13 (holotype: NY; isotype: A).
Amorpha caroliniana Amorpha caroliniana Croom, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 25: 74. 1834. TYPE: NORTH CAROLINA: Craven Co.: Near New Bern, 1834, Loomis s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Wilbur, Rhodora 77: 398. 1975.
Amorpha croceolanata Amorpha croceolanata P. W. Watson, Dendrol. Brit. 2: t. 139. 1825.  
Amorpha curtissii Amorpha curtissii Rydberg, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 24: 30. 1919. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Near river, Jacksonville, 6 May & 21 Aug 1894, Curtiss 4703 (holotype: NY; isotypes: KANU, US).
Amorpha dewinkeleri Amorpha dewinkeleri Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 689. 1933. TYPE: FLORIDA: Lee Co.: Near Fort Shackleford, Big Cypress, 19 May 1917, Small 8349 (lectotype: NY; isolectotypes: GH, MO, US). Lectotypified by Wilbur, Rhodora 77: 400. 1975.
Amorpha fruticosa var. caroliniana Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. caroliniana (Croom) S. Watson, Smithson. Misc. Collect. 258: 188. 1878.BASIONYM: Amorpha caroliniana Croom 1834. 
Amorpha fruticosa var. croceolanata Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. croceolanata (P. W. Watson) Mouillefert, Traite Arbr. Arbriss. 577. 1894.BASIONYM: Amorpha croceolanata P. W. Watson 1825. 
Amorpha fruticosa var. typica Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. typica C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 72. 1907, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Amorpha fruticosa var. vulgaris Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. vulgaris Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 466. 1814, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Amorpha virgata Amorpha virgata Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 17, pl. 171. 1894. TYPE: GEORGIA: DeKalb Co.: NW slope of Stone Mountain, 3 Jul 1893, Small s.n. (lectotype: NY; isolectotypes: GA, GH, ISC, MIN, MO, UC, US). Lectotypified by Wilbur, Whodora 77: 398. 1975.
Amorpha angustifolia Amorpha angustifolia (Pursh) F. E. Boynton, Biltmore Bot. Stud. 1: 139. 1902.BASIONYM: Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. angustifolia Pursh 1814. 
Amorpha arizonica Amorpha arizonica Rydberg, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 24: 33. 1919. TYPE: ARIZONA: Cochise Co.: Ramsey Canyon, Huachuca Mountains, 10 Jun 1909, Goodding 136 (holotype: NY; isotypes: ARIZ, GH, NEB, NY, RM, UC).
Amorpha elata Amorpha elata Hayne, Dendrol. Fl. 134. 1822, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Amorpha perforata Schkuhr 1796. 
Amorpha emarginata Amorpha emarginata Eastwood, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 20: 148. 1931. TYPE: ARIZONA: Maricopa Co.: Fish Creek, Apache Trail, s.d., Eastwood 3745 (holotype: CAS; isotype: A).
Amorpha fragrans Amorpha fragrans Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard. 3: t. 241. 1827-1829.  
Amorpha fruticosa forma albiflora Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, forma albiflora Sheldon, Bull. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. 9: 72. 1894. TYPE: MINNESOTA: Mille Lacs Co.: Banks of the Rum River, 3 mi. N of Milaca, s.d., Sheldon s.n. (holotype: MIN).
Amorpha fruticosa forma aureovariegata Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, forma aureovariegata Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 16: 255. 1907.  
Amorpha fruticosa forma caerulea Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, forma caerulea (Loddiges ex Loudon) E. J. Palmer, J. Arnold Arbor. 12: 189. 1931.BASIONYM: Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. caerulea Loddiges ex Loudon 1838. 
Amorpha fruticosa forma crispa Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, forma crispa (G. Kirchner) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 72. 1907.BASIONYM: Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. crispa G. Kirchner 1864. 
Amorpha fruticosa forma glabrata Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, forma glabrata E. J. Palmer, J. Arnold Arbor. 12: 191. 1931. TYPE: TEXAS: Brazos Co.: Kurten, s.d., Palmer 13479 (holotype: A; isotype: MO).
Amorpha fruticosa forma humilis Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, forma humilis (Tausch) E. J. Palmer, J. Arnold Arbor. 12: 189. 1931.BASIONYM: Amorpha humilis Tausch 1838. 
Amorpha fruticosa forma latior Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, forma latior Fassett, Rhodora 38: 190. 1936. TYPE: WISCONSIN: St. Croix Co.: Shore of Lake St. Croix, 10 mi. S of Hudson, 2 Aug 1934, Fassett 17014 (holotype: WIS; isotypes: GH, MO, NY).
Amorpha fruticosa forma pendula Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, forma pendula (Carrière) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 73. 1907.BASIONYM: Amorpha pendula Carrière 1870-1871. 
Amorpha fruticosa var. angustifolia Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. angustifolia Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 466. 1814.  
Amorpha fruticosa var. caerulea Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. caerulea Loddiges ex Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 607. 1838.  
Amorpha fruticosa var. crispa Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. crispa G. Kirchner, in Petzold & G. Kirchner, Arbor. Muscav. 370. 1864.  
Amorpha fruticosa var. emarginata Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. emarginata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 466. 1814.  
Amorpha fruticosa var. humilis Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. humilis (Tausch) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 73. 1907.BASIONYM: Amorpha humilis Tausch 1838. 
Amorpha fruticosa var. lewisii Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. lewisii Loddiges ex Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 607. 1838.  
Amorpha fruticosa var. oblongifolia Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. oblongifolia E. J. Palmer, J. Arnold Arbor. 12: 192. 1931. TYPE: ARKANSAS: Phillips Co.: Along Mississippi River near Helens, s.d., Palmer 26628 (holotype: A; isotypes: CAS, MO, UARK).
Amorpha fruticosa var. occidentalis Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. occidentalis (Abrams) Kearney & Peebles, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 29: 483. 1939.BASIONYM: Amorpha occidentalis Abrams 1910. 
Amorpha fruticosa var. pendula Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. pendula (Carrière) Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 691. 1893.BASIONYM: Amorpha pendula Carrière 1870-1871. 
Amorpha fruticosa var. tennesseensis Amorpha fruticosa Linnaeus, var. tennesseensis (Shuttleworth ex Kunze) E. J. Palmer, J. Arnold Arbor. 12: 192. 1931.BASIONYM: Amorpha tennesseensis Shuttleworth ex Kunze 1848. 
Amorpha humilis Amorpha humilis Tausch, Flora 21: 750. 1838. TYPE: Cult. at Prague,
Amorpha nonperforata Amorpha nonperforata Schkuhr, Bot. Handb. 2: 333. 1796.  
Amorpha occidentalis Amorpha occidentalis Abrams, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 394. 1910. TYPE: CALIFORNIA: San Diego Co.: San Diego River near Old San Diego Mission, 7 May 1903, Abrams 3425 (holotype: CAS; isotypes: A, CAS, GH, MO, NY, RSA, UC, US).
Amorpha occidentalis var. arizonica Amorpha occidentalis Abrams, var. arizonica (Rydberg) E. J. Palmer, J. Arnold Arbor. 12: 185. 1931.BASIONYM: Amorpha arizonica Rydberg 1919. 
Amorpha occidentalis var. emarginata Amorpha occidentalis Abrams, var. emarginata E. J. Palmer, J. Arnold Arbor. 12: 185. 1931. TYPE: ARIZONA: Maricopa Co.: Fish Creek, Apache Trail, s.d., Eastwood 8745 (holotype: A; isotype: CAS).
Amorpha pendula Amorpha pendula Carrière, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 1868: 340. 1870-1871.  
Amorpha perforata Amorpha perforata Schkuhr, Bot. Handb. 2: 333. 1796.  
Amorpha tennesseensis Amorpha tennesseensis Shuttleworth ex Kunze, Delect. Sem. Hort. Lips. 1848: 1. 1848; Linnaea 24: 191. 1851. TYPE: TENNESSEE: Jefferson Co.: Near Dandridge, Jun 1842, Rugel s.n. (lectotype: ?; isolectotype: GH). Lectotypified by Wilbur, Rhodora 77: 398. 1975.

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Polk Co. 22 Jun 1988 K. R. DeLaney 1847
USA Florida Marion Co. 8 Oct 1947 F. Ruff s.n.
USA Florida Lake Co. 17 Apr 1978 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 10 Aug 1979 D. Richardson 826
USA Florida Flagler Co. 21 May 1979 J. Popenoe 1777
USA Florida Jackson Co. 05 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5947
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 05 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5877
USA Florida Lake Co. 13 Nov 1984 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 13 Apr 1979 B. F. Hansen 5297
USA Florida Hernando Co. 13 Apr 1985 C. vanHoek s.n.
USA Florida Union Co. 12 Jul 1984 B. F. Hansen 10325
USA Florida Citrus Co. 13 May 1983 N. Mawhinney 141 [Collected] 1 year after fire.
USA Florida Jackson Co. 21 May 1976 J. C. Solomon 2265
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 11 Apr 1977 G. Wilhelm 3012
USA Florida Highlands Co. 25 Apr 1954 L. J. Brass 25177
USA Florida Taylor Co. 16 Aug 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55963a
USA Florida Putnam Co. 25 Jul 1961 R. K. Godfrey 61093a
USA Florida Levy Co. 10 May 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56565 "Specimens of this number from several plants".
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 7 Jul 1955 R. K. Godfrey 53595
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 26 Jul 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55741 "Specimens from ca. a dozen shrubs".
USA Florida Levy Co. 20 May 1982 B. F. Hansen 9614
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 11 Aug 1999 C. Slaughter 11172
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 24 Jun 1994 S. Cole OS0227
USA Florida Brevard Co. 17 Apr 1973 A.G. Shuey M0990
USA Florida Dixie Co. 10 May 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56564 "Specimens of this number from several plants".
USA Florida Washington Co. 7 Apr 1956 R. K. Godfrey 54675
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 12 Aug 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55854
USA Florida Citrus Co. 30 Apr 2001 R. A. Hattaway FC0202
USA Florida Citrus Co. 12 May 2000 R. A. Hattaway FC0118
USA Florida Collier Co. 03 Apr 1997 K. A. Bradley 17
USA Florida Liberty Co. 18 Jul 1956 R. K. Godfrey 54997
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 08 Apr 1977 P. Genelle 2705
USA Florida Holmes Co. 19 Apr 1982 D. S. Correll 53748
USA Florida Holmes Co. 19 Apr 1982 D. S. Correll 53736
USA Florida Lake Co. 24 Jul 1985 B. F. Hansen 10424
USA Florida Volusia Co. 24 Jul 1985 B. F. Hansen 10414
USA Florida Collier Co. 26 Jul 1978 J. Popenoe 1329
USA Florida Jackson Co. 05 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5922
USA Florida Suwannee Co. 24 Apr 1992 B. J. Herring 693
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Feb 1979 E. Withers 2241
USA Florida Taylor Co. 30 Jul 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55775 "Each specimen this number from a different plant".
USA Florida Manatee Co. 28 Mar 1991 J. Weber SF53
USA Florida Jackson Co. 9 May 1959 R. K. Godfrey 58643
USA Florida Taylor Co. 17 Aug 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55963a
USA Florida Lafayette Co. 15 Jul 1961 G. W. Ramsey 257
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 21 May 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56800 "All specimens this number from different plants".
USA Florida Walton Co. 17 May 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56646 "Each specimen this number from a different plant".
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 24 Sep 1955 R. K. Godfrey 53908
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 17 May 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56655
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 7 Jul 1955 R. K. Godfrey 53596
USA Florida Levy Co. 11 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5975
USA Florida Highlands Co. 01 May 1958 G. R. Cooley 6113
USA Florida Hardee Co. 14 Apr 1961 D. B. Ward A15
USA Florida Franklin Co. 9 Jun 1955 R. K. Godfrey 53450
USA Florida Marion Co. 14 Jun 1949 D. W. Mather M345
USA Florida Flagler Co. 25 May 1981 D. S. Correll 51849
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 17 May 1961 M. Hudson s.n.
USA Florida Alachua Co. 28 May 1962 D. B. Ward 3013
USA Florida Highlands Co. 24 Dec 1960 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 19 Apr 1981 J. Beckner 2467
USA Florida Highlands Co. 19 Apr 1981 J. Beckner 2464
USA Florida Highlands Co. 19 Apr 1981 J. Beckner 2466
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 27 Apr 1991 M. Massieu MWSR0033
USA Florida Pasco Co. 06 Apr 2002 C. vanHoek WB102
USA Florida Brevard Co. 21 Mar 2002 S. M. Kennedy 575
USA Florida Brevard Co. 30 Apr 2002 T. MacClendon 577
USA Florida Highlands Co. 19 Apr 1981 J. Beckner 2471 With [John Beckner] #2467
USA Florida Lee Co. 03 Jun 1994 S. Cole KS0021 Date on label was: 06-03-94; past experience with this collector's dates suggests he uses month-day-year.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 19 Apr 1981 J. Beckner 2472
USA Florida Polk Co. 29 Mar 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10671
USA Florida Lee Co. 16 May 1928 J. K. Small s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 16 May 1928 J. K. Small s.n. The final two digits of the year are not legible on label, however there is another J. K. Small collection of this same species, from the same locality, on 16 May 0f 1928. Based upon that fact, this specimen was presumed to be a duplicate.
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 13 Apr 1961 R. K. Godfrey 60686
USA Florida Gulf Co. 3 Sep 1958 R. K. Godfrey 57590
USA Florida Washington Co. 18 May 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56768 "Each specimen this number from a different plant".
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 15 May 1991 R. K. Godfrey 84153
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 12 Aug 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55854
USA Florida Gulf Co. 9 Jul 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55568
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 9 May 1962 R. K. Godfrey 61942
USA Florida Levy Co. 11 Apr 1962 R. K. Godfrey 61902
USA Florida Walton Co. 12 Apr 1975 R. Suttkus 75-6-17
USA Florida Liberty Co. 26 Apr 1959 R. K. Godfrey 58475
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 5 Aug 1960 R. K. Godfrey 60197
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 10 May 1956 R. K. Godfrey 54770
USA Florida Putnam Co. 3 Jun 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56944
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 24 Apr 1956 R. K. Godfrey 54710
USA Florida Brevard Co. 17 May 2005 P. A. Schmalzer 05-64
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 21 Apr 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1541
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 05 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5837
USA Florida Leon Co. 06 Jul 1956 P. L. Redfearn 2583
USA Florida Citrus Co. 13 Apr 1963 O. K. Lakela 25801
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 27 Apr 1961 G. R. Cooley 8129
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 01 Oct 1955 R. K. Godfrey 53958
USA Florida Franklin Co. 09 Jun 1955 R. K. Godfrey 53451
USA Florida Seminole Co. 02 May 1960 G. R. Cooley 7487
USA Florida Highlands Co. 25 Apr 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9756
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 12 May 1978 D. W. Crewz 1368
USA Florida Highlands Co. 19 Apr 1981 J. Beckner 2470
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 25 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10849
USA Florida Walton Co. 15 May 1983 G. Wilhelm 11376
USA Florida Lake Co. 06 Apr 1992 S. L. Orzell 19329
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10935
USA Florida Lake Co. 17 May 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9830
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 24 Jul 2008 T. MacClendon 824
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 29 Sep 2008 A. R. Franck 985
USA Florida Broward Co. 13 Mar 2009 P. L. Howell 1109
USA Florida Volusia Co. 01 Oct 2004 J. M. Kunzer 683
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 29 Apr 2010 A. R. Franck 1926
USA Florida Lee Co. 15 May 2010 R. Chicone 729
USA Florida Martin Co. Apr 1988 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 11 Sep 2011 A. R. Franck 2831
USA Florida Hardee Co. 16 Apr 2004 A. Bishop PC0047
USA Florida Levy Co. 26 Aug 1997 K. Gulledge 434
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 16 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 16855
USA Florida Suwannee Co. 26 May 2013 S. Myers 1011
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 May 2013 R. Chicone 1026
USA Florida Marion Co. 08 May 1988 A. Herndon 1871
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