Eragrostis cilianensis

Family:POACEAE
Species:Eragrostis cilianensis (All.)Vignolo ex Janch.
Common Name:STINKGRASS
Status:Not Native, FAC (DEP), FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Eragrostis
Species Eragrostis cilianensis (All.)Vignolo ex Janch. - STINKGRASS

Citation

Citation ERAGROSTIS CILIANENSIS (Allioni) Vignolo-Lutati ex Janchen, Mitt. Naturwiss. Vereins Univ. Wien, ser. 2. 5: 110. 1907.
Basionym: Poa cilianensis Allioni 1785.
Type: ITALY: "Inveni in agro Ciliani", w.d., Bellardi s.n. (lectotype: TO). Lectotypified by Simon, Austral. Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsletter 37: 6-7. 1983.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Leon FSU  
Palm Beach FLAS  
Santa Rosa NY  
Volusia USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Briza eragrostis Briza eragrostis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 70. 1753. TYPE: Without data, Herb. Burser 1: 10 (lectotype: UPS). Lectotypified by Clayton, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Gramineae 2: 232. 1974.
Briza oblonga Briza oblonga Moench, Methodus 185. 1794, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis cilianensis forma megastachya Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Vignolo-Lutati ex Janchen, forma megastachya (Koeler) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 2: 175. 1953.BASIONYM: Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis cilianensis var. major Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Vignolo-Lutati ex Janchen, var. major (Rouy) Maire, in Jahandiez & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 935. 1941, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Eragrostis vulgaris Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre, subsp. major Rouy 1913; Eragrostis poaeoides Palisot de Beauvois ex Roemer & Schultes, var. megastachya (Koeler) A. Gray 1856; Eragrostis major Host 1809, nom. illegit.; Eragrostis megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis eragrostis Eragrostis eragrostis (Linnaeus) MacMillan, Metasp. Minnesota Valley 75. 1892, nom. inadmiss. et non (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois 1812.BASIONYM: Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis eragrostis var. megastachya Eragrostis eragrostis (Linnaeus) MacMillan, var. megastachya (Koeler) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 182. 1916.BASIONYM: Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis major Eragrostis major Host, Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 4: 14. 1809, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis megastachya Eragrostis megastachya (Koeler) Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 187. 1827.BASIONYM: Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis megastachya var. cilianensis Eragrostis megastachya (Koeler) Link, var. cilianenensis (Allioni) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 371. 1900.BASIONYM: Poa cilianensis Allioni 1785. 
Eragrostis minor var. major Eragrostis minor Host, var. major Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 88. 1890, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Eragrostis poaeoides Palisot de Beauvois ex Roemer & Schultes, var. megastachya (Koeler) Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre 1845; Eragrostis major Host 1809, nom. illegit.; Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis minor var. megastachya Eragrostis minor Host, var. megastachya (Koeler) Burtt-Davy, in Jepson, Fl. W. Calif. 6. 1901.BASIONYM: Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis multiflora var. cilianensis Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskal) Ascherson, var. cilianensis (Allioni) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 269. 1939.BASIONYM: Poa cilianensis Allioni 1785. 
Eragrostis poaeoides var. megastachya Eragrostis poaeoides Palisot de Beauvois ex Roemer & Schultes, var. megastachya (Koeler) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 563. 1856.BASIONYM: Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis vulgaris subsp. major Eragrostis vulgaris Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre, subsp. major Rouy, Fl. France 14: 262. 1913.BASIONYM: Eragrostis major Host 1809, nom. illegit.; Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis vulgaris subsp. megastachya Eragrostis vulgaris Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre, subsp. megastachya (Koeler) Douin, Fl. Ill. France 12: 32. 1934.BASIONYM: Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis vulgaris var. megastachya Eragrostis vulgaris Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre, var. megastachya (Koeler) Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre, Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris 641. 1845.BASIONYM: Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Erosion ciliare Erosion ciliare Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 221. 1915, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Poa cilianensis Allioni 1785. 
Megastachya eragrostis Megastachya eragrostis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois ex Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 575, 584. 1817.BASIONYM: Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Megastachya oblonga Megastachya oblonga Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 74, 167, 175. 1812, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Briza oblonga Moench 1794, nom. illegit.; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Poa cilianensis Poa cilianensis Allioni, Fl. Pedem. 2: 246. 1785. TYPE: ITALY: "Inveni in agro Ciliani", w.d., Bellardi s.n. (lectotype: TO). Lectotypified by Simon, Austral. Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsletter 37: 6-7. 1983.
Poa eragrostis Poa eragrostis (Linnaeus) Brotero, Fl. Lusit. 1: 103. 1804, non Linnaeus 1753.BASIONYM: Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Poa megastachya Poa megastachya Koeler, Descr. Gram. 181. 1802.BASIONYM: Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Poa oblonga Poa oblonga Baumgarten, Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3, 238. 1816, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Briza oblonga Moench 1794, nom. illegit.; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Briza caroliniana Briza caroliniana Walter, Fl. Carol. 79. 1788.  
Briza purpurascens Briza purpurascens Muhlenberg, Descr. Gram. 154. 1817.  
Calosteca purpurascens Calosteca purpurascens (Muhlenberg) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 348. 1824 ("1825").BASIONYM: Briza purpurascens Muhlenberg 1817. 
Eragrostis argentina Eragrostis argentina Jedwabnick, Bot. Arch. 5: 194. 1924. TYPE: ARGENTINA:
Eragrostis articulata Eragrostis articulata De Wildeman, Bull. Jard. Bot. Etat 6: 58, t. 2. 1919, non Nees von Esenbeck 1829. TYPE: ZAIRE:
Eragrostis costata Eragrostis costata F. Turner, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, ser. 2. 30: 91. 1905. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: New South Wales:
Eragrostis flexuosa Eragrostis flexuosa Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 266. 1854, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Poa roxburghiana Schultes 1824; Poa flexuosa Roxburgh 1820, non Smith 1800, nec Schleicher ex Gaudin 1808. 
Eragrostis leersioides Eragrostis leersioides (C. Presl) Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 1: 103. 1842.BASIONYM: Megastachya leersioides C. Presl 1820. 
Eragrostis major var. subbiloba Eragrostis major Host, var. subbiloba (Chiovenda) Chiovenda, Res. Sci. Miss. Stefan.-Paoli 1: 187. 1916.BASIONYM: Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskål) Ascherson, var. subbiloba Chiovenda 1908. 
Eragrostis megastachya forma nana Eragrostis megastachya (Koeler) Link, forma nana Lorentz & Niederlein, Exped. Rio Negro, Bot. 272. 188. TYPE: ARGENTINA:
Eragrostis multiflora Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskål) Ascherson, Fl. Brandenburg 1: 841. 1864, non Trinius 1830.BASIONYM: Poa multiflora Forsskål 1775. 
Eragrostis multiflora var. glandulifera Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskål) Ascherson, var. glandulifera Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 370. 1908. TYPE: ETHIOPIA: Eritrea: Assaorta, s.d., Pappi 2611 (holotype: FI).
Eragrostis multiflora var. insularis Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskål) Ascherson, var. insularis Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 65. 1903. TYPE: ETHIOPIA: Eritrea: Dahlak Archipelago, s.d., Terracciano 778 (holotype: FI).
Eragrostis multiflora var. subbiloba Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskål) Ascherson, var. subbiloba Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 370. 1908. TYPE: ETHIOPIA:
Eragrostis pappii Eragrostis pappii Gandoger, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 299. 1920. TYPE: ETHIOPIA: Eritrea: Beni Amer, s.d., Pappi 5964 (holotype: LY).
Eragrostis polymorpha Eragrostis polymorpha Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 575. 1817.BASIONYM: Poa polymorpha Koenig ex Rottler 1803, non Wibel 1799. 
Eragrostis polysperma Eragrostis polysperma Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 112. 1929. TYPE: TANZANIA: Masai Distr.: Munge Lemunge) to Ngorongoro, s.d., Peter 43114 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Eragrostis schweinfurthiana Eragrostis schweinfurthiana Jedwabnick, Bot. Arch. 5: 194. 1924.  
Eragrostis starosselskyi Eragrostis starosselskyi Grossheim, Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada RSFSR 4: 18. 1923. TYPE: U.S.S.R.:
Eragrostis triticea Eragrostis triticea (C. Presl) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 564. 1840.BASIONYM: Megastachya triticea C. Presl 1820. 
Eragrostis virletii Eragrostis virletii E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 116. 1886. TYPE: MEXICO: San Luis Potosí:
Megastachya leersioides Megastachya leersioides C. Presl, Cyper. Gramin. Sicul. 44. 1820. TYPE: ITALY: Sicily:
Megastachya obtusa Megastachya obtusa Schultes, Mant. 2: 326. 1824, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Poa pennsylvanica Nuttall 1818; Poa obtusa Nuttall 1818, non Muhlenberg 1817. 
Megastachya purpurascens Megastachya purpurascens (Muhlenberg) Schultes, Mant. 2: 326. 1824.BASIONYM: Briza purpurascens Muhlenberg 1817. 
Megastachya triticea Megastachya triticea C. Presl, Cyper. Gramin. Sicul. 45. 1820. TYPE: ITALY: Sicily:
Poa cachetica Poa cachetica Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 66. 1827. TYPE: GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C).
Poa flexuosa Poa flexuosa Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 1: 340. 1820, non Smith 1800, nec Schleicher ex Gaudin 1808. TYPE: INDIA:
Poa leersioides Poa leersioides (C. Presl) Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 98. 1827.BASIONYM: Megastachya leersioides C. Presl 1820. 
Poa multiflora Poa multiflora Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 21. 1775.  
Poa nuttallii Poa nuttallii Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 344. 1824 ("1825"), nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Poa pennsylvanica Nuttall 1818; Poa obtusa Nuttall 1818, non Muhlenberg 1817. 
Poa obtusa Poa obtusa Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 67. 1818, non Muhlenberg 1817. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA: Philadelphia Co.: Philadelphia,
Poa pennsylvanica Poa pennsylvanica Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: errata. May 1818.BASIONYM: Poa obtusa Nuttall 1818, non Muhlenberg 1817. 
Poa philadelphica Poa philadelphica W. P. C. Barton, Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 1: 62. Aug 1818, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Poa pennsylvanica Nuttall 1818; Poa obtusa Nuttall 1818, non Muhlenberg 1817. 
Poa polymorpha Poa polymorpha Koenig ex Rottler, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 194. 1803, non Wibel 1799. TYPE: INDIA: "nach Madras", without data, Rottler s.n. (holotype: B-W).
Poa roxburghiana Poa roxburghiana Schultes, Mant. 2: 314. 1824.BASIONYM: Poa flexuosa Roxburgh 1820, non Smith 1800, nec Schleicher ex Gaudin 1808. 
Poa tortuosa Poa tortuosa Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 345. 1824 ("1825"), nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Poa roxburghiana Schultes 1824; Poa flexuosa Roxburgh 1820, non Smith 1800, nec Schleicher ex Gaudin 1808. 
Poa triticea Poa triticea (C. Presl) Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 98. 1827.BASIONYM: Megastachya triticea C. Presl 1820. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Georgia Baldwin Co. 16 Apr 1998 C. vanHoek 1179
USA North Carolina Currituck Co. 31 Jul 1958 H. E. Ahles 48209
USA Louisiana Lafayette Par. 12 Jul 1979 C. M. Allen 9229
USA Jul-1841 F. I. X. Rugel 305
USA North Carolina Madison Co. 23 Jul 1966 B. King 45301
USA Tennessee Cocke Co. 24 Jul 1977 P. Genelle 2919
USA Florida Volusia Co. 23 Jun 2012 A. R. Franck 3038
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