Pennisetum polystachion

Family:POACEAE
Species:Pennisetum polystachion (L.)Schult.
Common Name:WEST INDIAN PENNISETUM; MISSIONGRASS
Plant Notes:**
Status:Not Native
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Pennisetum
Species Pennisetum polystachion (L.)Schult. - WEST INDIAN PENNISETUM; MISSIONGRASS

Citation

Citation PENNISETUM POLYSTACHION (Linnaeus) Schultes, Mant. 2: 146. 1824.
Basionym: Panicum polystachion Linnaeus 1759.
Type: INDIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 80.4). Lectotypified by van der Zon, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 92-1: 335. 1992.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Collier USF  
Highlands USF  
Lee NY  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cenchrus polystachios Cenchrus polystachios (Linnaeus) Morrone, in Chemisquy et al., Ann. Bot. 106: 129. 2010.BASIONYM: Panicum polystachion Linnaeus 1759. 
Cenchrus setosus Cenchrus setosus Swartz, Prodr. 26. 1788. TYPE: JAMAICA: Without data, Swartz s.n. (holotype: S).
Gymnotrix polystachya Gymnotrix polystachya (Linnaeus) Swartz ex Trinius, Gram. Panic. 66. 1826.BASIONYM: Panicum polystachion Linnaeus 1759. 
Panicum polystachion Panicum polystachion Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 870. 1759. TYPE: INDIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 80.4). Lectotypified by van der Zon, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 92-1: 335. 1992.
Pennisetum polystachion subsp. setosum Pennisetum polystachion (Linnaeus) Schultes, subsp. setosum (Swartz) Brunken, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 79: 63. 1979.BASIONYM: Cenchrus setosus Swartz 1788. 
Pennisetum setosum Pennisetum setosum (Swartz) Richard, in Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 72. 1805.BASIONYM: Cenchrus setosus Swartz 1788. 
Cenchrus polystachios subsp. atrichus Cenchrus polystachios (Linnaeus) Morrone, subsp. atrichus (Stapf & C. E. Hubbard) Morrone, in Chemisquy et al., Ann. Bot. 106. 129. 2010.BASIONYM: Pennisetum atrichum Stapf & C. E. Hubbard 1933. 
Gymnotrix geniculata Gymnotrix geniculata Schultes, Mant. 2: 284. 1824. TYPE: MARTINIQUE:
Panicum barbatum Panicum barbatum Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 1: 285. 1820, non Lamarck 1791, nec Leconte ex Torrey 1818. TYPE: INDIA:
Panicum cauda-ratti Panicum cauda-ratti Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 59. 1827. TYPE: GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C).
Panicum cenchroides Panicum cenchroides Richard, Actes Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 1: 106. 1792. TYPE: FRENCH GUIANA: Without data, LeBlond s.n. (holotype: P).
Panicum densispicum Panicum densispicum Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 273. 1816, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum cenchroides Richard 1792. 
Panicum erubescens Panicum erubescens Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 1031. 1809. TYPE: U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Thomas:
Panicum imberbe var. purpurascens Panicum imberbe Poiret, var. purpurascens (Kunth) Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 157. 1877.BASIONYM: Pennisetum purpurascens Kunth 1816. 
Panicum subangustum Panicum subangustum Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 59. 1827. TYPE: GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C).
Panicum triticoides Panicum triticoides Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 274. 1816. TYPE: Without data (holotype: FI).
Pennisetum alopecuroides Pennisetum alopecuroides Desvaux ex Hamilton, Prodr. 11. 1825, non (Linnaeus) Sprengel 1825.  
Pennisetum atrichum Pennisetum atrichum Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 282. 1933. TYPE: MALAWI: Zomba, s.d., Manning 4 (holotype: K).
Pennisetum borbonicum Pennisetum borbonicum Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 259, t. 41. 1830. TYPE: REUNION ISLAND:
Pennisetum breve Pennisetum breve Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 281. 1829. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Martius s.n. (holotype: M).
Pennisetum cauda-ratti Pennisetum cauda-ratti (Schumacher) Franchet, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Autun 8: 360. 1895.BASIONYM: Panicum cauda-ratti Schumacher 1827. 
Pennisetum dasystachyum Pennisetum dasystachyum Desvaux, Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 76. 1831. TYPE: GUYANA: Without data (holotype: P).
Pennisetum elegans Pennisetum elegans Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 105. 1854. TYPE: SIERRA LEONE:
Pennisetum erubescens Pennisetum erubescens (Willdenow) Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 215. 1827.BASIONYM: Panicum erubescens Willdenow 1809. 
Pennisetum flavescens Pennisetum flavescens J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 316. 1830. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data, Haenke s.n. (holotype: PR).
Pennisetum gabonense Pennisetum gabonense Franchet, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Autun 8: 360. 1895. TYPE: GABON: Libreville, s.d., Vavin s.n. (holotype: P).
Pennisetum gracile Pennisetum gracile Bentham, in Hooker, Niger Fl. 564. 1849. TYPE: SIERRA LEONE: without data, Don s.n. (holotype: BM).
Pennisetum hamiltonii Pennisetum hamiltonii Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 297. 1841.BASIONYM: Pennisetum alopecuroides Desvaux ex Hamilton 1825, non (Linnaeus) Sprengel 1825. 
Pennisetum hirsutum Pennisetum hirsutum Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 284. 1829. TYPE: BRAZIL: Bahia: Without data, Martius s.n. (holotype: M).
Pennisetum indicum var. purpurascens Pennisetum indicum Murray, var. purpurascens (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 787. 1891.BASIONYM: Pennisetum purpurascens Kunth 1816. 
Pennisetum nicaraguense Pennisetum nicaraguense E. Fournier, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, ser. 2. 27: 293. 1880. TYPE: NICARAGUA: Near Granada, s.d., Levy 1304 (holotype: P; isotype: US).
Pennisetum pallidum Pennisetum pallidum Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 285. 1829. TYPE: BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Metanha et Itambe, s.d., Martius s.n. (holotype: M).
Pennisetum polystachion subsp. atrichum Pennisetum polystachion (Linnaeus) Schultes, subsp. atrichum (Stapf & C. E. Hubbard) Brunken, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 79: 63. 1979.BASIONYM: Pennisetum atrichum Stapf & C. E. Hubbard 1933. 
Pennisetum purpurascens Pennisetum purpurascens Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 113. 1816. TYPE: MEXICO: Michoacán: Volcán de Jorullo, Sep, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Pennisetum reversum Pennisetum reversum Hackel ex Buettner, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 31: 68. 1890. TYPE: ZAIRE: Muene Putu, Kassongo, s.d., Buettner 564 (holotype: B).
Pennisetum reversum var. gymnochaetium Pennisetum reversum Hackel ex Buettner, var. gymnochaetium Hackel, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 1: 767. 1901. TYPE: TANZANIA: Tabora Distr.: Igonda, s.d., Boehm 43 & 168 (syntypes: W).
Pennisetum richardii Pennisetum richardii Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 49. 1829.BASIONYM: Panicum cenchroides Richard 1792. 
Pennisetum setosum var. breve Pennisetum setosum (Swartz) Richard, var. breve (Nees von Esenbeck) Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 306. 1877.BASIONYM: Pennisetum breve Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Pennisetum sieberi Pennisetum sieberi Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 50. 1829.BASIONYM: Gymnotrix geniculata Schultes 1824. 
Pennisetum stenostachyum Pennisetum stenostachyum Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 70, f. 36. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: E. Usambara Mts., Magunga-Bombo hill, s.d., Peter 18632 (holotype: B(destroyed); isotype: W).
Pennisetum subangustum Pennisetum subangustum (Schumacher) Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 271. 1933.BASIONYM: Panicum subangustum Schumacher 1827. 
Pennisetum tenuispiculatum Pennisetum tenuispiculatum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 107. 1854. TYPE: GABON:
Pennisetum uniflorum Pennisetum uniflorum Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 114, pl. 34. 1816. TYPE: VENEZUELA: Sucre, Cumancoa, Sep, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Setaria cenchroides Setaria cenchroides (Richard) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 495. 1817.BASIONYM: Panicum cenchroides Richard 1792. 
Setaria erubescens Setaria erubescens (Willdenow) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 51, 169, 178. 1812.BASIONYM: Panicum erubescens Willdenow 1809.