Imperata cylindrica

Family:POACEAE
Species:Imperata cylindrica (L.)P.Beauv.
Common Name:COGONGRASS
Plant Notes:**
Status:Not Native, EPPC(I), UPL (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Imperata
Species Imperata cylindrica (L.)P.Beauv. - COGONGRASS

Citation

Citation IMPERATA CYLINDRICA (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 8, 165, 177. 1812.
Basionym: Lagurus cylindricus Linnaeus 1759.
Type: ITALY: Without data (lectotype: LINN 96.2). Lectotypified by Clayton & Renvoize, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Gramineae 3: 700. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Bay FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Escambia FSU  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU  
Gilchrist FLAS  
Hardee USF  
Hendry FTG  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River PIHG  
Lee USF  
Leon FLAS  
Liberty FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Nassau FSU  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange PIHG  
Osceola USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Lucie FTG  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Calamagrostis lagurus Calamagrostis lagurus Koeler, Descr. Gram. 112. 1802, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Lagurus cylindricus Linnaeus 1759. 
Imperata arundinacea Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, Pl. Rar. Neapol. 2: 26. 1792, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Lagurus cylindricus Linnaeus 1759. 
Imperata arundinacea var. genuina Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. genuina Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 93. 1889, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo 1792, nom. illegit.; Lagurus cylindricus Linnaeus 1759. 
Imperata cylindrica var. genuina Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. genuina A. Camus, Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Colon. 5: 110. 1925, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois 1812; Lagurus cylindricus Linnaeus 1759. 
Lagurus cylindricus Lagurus cylindricus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 878. 1759. TYPE: ITALY: Without data (lectotype: LINN 96.2). Lectotypified by Clayton & Renvoize, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Gramineae 3: 700. 1982.
Saccharum cylindricum Saccharum cylindricum (Linnaeus) Lamarck, Encycl. 1: 594. 1785.BASIONYM: Lagurus cylindricus Linnaeus 1759. 
Saccharum europaeum Saccharum europaeum Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 103. 1805.BASIONYM: Saccharum cylindricum (Linnaeus) Lamarck 1785; Lagurus cylindricus Linnaeus 1759. 
Saccharum laguroides Saccharum laguroides Pourret, Hist. & Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Toulouse 3: 326. 1788, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Lagurus cylindricus Linnaeus 1759. 
Saccharum thunbergii Saccharum thunbergii Retzius, Observ. Bot. 5: 17. 1788 ("1789"). TYPE: East Indies, without data, Thunberg s.n. (holotype: LD).
Imperata allang Imperata allang Junghuhn, in Hoeven & de Vriese, Tijdschr. Naturrl. Gesch. Physiol. 7: 295. 1840. TYPE: INDONESIA: Java:
Imperata angolensis Imperata angolensis Fritsch, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 1: 1096. 1901. TYPE: ANGOLA: Huila, s.d., Dekindt s.n. (holotype: W).
Imperata arundinacea subvar. europea Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, subvar. europea (Andersson) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 93. 1889.BASIONYM: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. europea Andersson 1855. 
Imperata arundinacea subvar. glabrescens Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, subvar. glabrescens (Büse) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 95. 1889.BASIONYM: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. glabrescens Büse 1854. 
Imperata arundinacea subvar. thunbergii Imperata arundinaceae Cirillo, subvar. thunbergii (Retzius) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 94. 1889.BASIONYM: Saccharum thunbergii Retzius 1789. 
Imperata arundinacea var. africana Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. africana Andersson, Oefvers. Foerh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. 12: 159. 1855.BASIONYM: Saccharum thunbergii Retzius 1789. 
Imperata arundinacea var. europea Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. europea Andersson, Oefvers. Foerh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. 12: 160. 1855.  
Imperata arundinacea var. glabrescens Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. glabrescens Büse, in Miquel, Pl. Jungh. 366. 1854. TYPE: INDONESIA: Sumatra: Near Pertibi, s.d., Horner s.n. (holotype: L).
Imperata arundinacea var. indica Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. indica Andersson, Oefvers. Foerh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. 12: 160. 1855.  
Imperata arundinacea var. indica Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. indica Andersson, Oefvers. Foerh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. 12: 160. 1855.  
Imperata arundinacea var. koenigii Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. koenigii (Retzius) Bentham, Fl. Hongk. 419. 1861.BASIONYM: Saccharum koenigii Retzius 1789. 
Imperata arundinacea var. latifolia Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. latifolia Hooker f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 106. 1896. TYPE: INDIA:
Imperata arundinacea var. pedicellata Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. pedicellata (Steudel) Debeaux, Rech. Fl. Pyren.-Orient. 323. 1878.BASIONYM: Imperata pedicellata Steudel 1846. 
Imperata arundinacea var. thunbergii Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. thunbergii (Retzius) Stapf, in Harvey, Fl. Cap. 7: 320. 1898, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. africana Andersson 1855; Saccharum thunbergii Retzius 1789. 
Imperata cylindrica forma pallida Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma pallida Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 374. 1930. TYPE: JAPAN: Kyushu: Musashi Prov.: Hondo, Shimura, 1925, Honda s.n. (holotype: ?).
Imperata cylindrica var. africana Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. africana (Andersson) C. E. Hubbard, Joint Publ. Imp. Agric. Bur. 7: 10. 1944.BASIONYM: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. africana Andersson 1855; Saccharum thunbergii Retzius 1789. 
Imperata cylindrica var. europea Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. europea (Andersson) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 412. 1898.BASIONYM: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. europea Andersson 1855. 
Imperata cylindrica var. glabrescens Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. glabrescens (Büse) Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 147. 1942.BASIONYM: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. glabrescens Büse 1854. 
Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Raeuschel, var. koenigii (Retzius) Bentham ex Pilger, in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. 137. 1904.BASIONYM: Saccharum koenigii Retzius 1789. 
Imperata cylindrica var. latifolia Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. latifolia (Hooker f.) C. E. Hubbard, Joint Publ. Imp. Agric. Bur. 7: 10. 1944.BASIONYM: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. latifolia Hooker f. 1896. 
Imperata cylindrica var. major Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Raeuschel, var. major (Nees von Esenbeck) C. E. Hubbard, in C. E. Hubbard & Vaughan, Grasses Mauritius 96. 1940.BASIONYM: Imperata koenigii (Retzius) Palisot de Beauvois, var. major Nees von Esenbeck 1841. 
Imperata cylindrica var. thunbergii Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. thunbergii (Retzius) T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 693. 1894, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo, var. africana Andersson 1855; Saccharum thunbergii Retzius 1789. 
Imperata dinteri Imperata dinteri Pilger, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 342. 1912. TYPE: SOUTH-WEST AFRICA: Namibia: Okokongominga, s.d., Dinter 1767 (holotype: B).
Imperata koenigii Imperata koenigii (Retzius) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 8, 165, 177. 1812.BASIONYM: Saccharum koenigii Retzius 1789. 
Imperata koenigii var. major Imperata koenigii (Retzius) Palisot de Beauvois, var. major Nees von Esenbeck, Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill. 90. 1841. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Umgazana (Omgaziana) to Mzimvubu (Omsamwubo), s.d., Drege s.n. (holotype: ?).
Imperata pedicellata Imperata pedicellata Steudel, Flora 29: 22. 1846. TYPE: JAPAN:
Imperata sieberi Imperata sieberi Opiz, Naturalientausch 10: 190. 1825.  
Imperata thunbergii Imperata thunbergii (Retzius) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 289. 1817.BASIONYM: Saccharum thunbergii Retzius 1789. 
Saccharum koenigii Saccharum koenigii Retzius, Observ. Bot. 5: 16. 1788 ("1789"). TYPE: JAPAN: Without data, Koenig s.n. (holotype: LD).
Saccharum sisca Saccharum sisca Cavanilles, Icones 3: 47, t. 292. 1795. TYPE: SPAIN: Valencia: